FR Doc 04-25918
[Federal Register: November 23, 2004 (Volume 69, Number 225)]
[Notices]               
[Page 68162-68169]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr23no04-74]                         

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion: Colorado Historical Society, 
Denver, CO

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: Pursuant to the Native American Graves Protection and 
Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), the Colorado Historical Society determined 
that the physical remains of 361 individuals of Native American 
ancestry and 345 associated funerary objects in the museum's 
collections, described below in Information about cultural items, are 
culturally affiliated with the Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Pueblo of Acoma, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico; Pueblo of Isleta, New 
Mexico; Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico; Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico; 
Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico; Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico; Pueblo of 
Pojoaque, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico; Pueblo of San 
Ildefonso, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Juan, New Mexico; Pueblo of 
Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa 
Clara, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico; Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico; 
Ysleta del Sur Pueblo of Texas; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, 
New Mexico.
    The National Park Service publishes this notice on behalf of the 
museum as part of the National Park Service's administrative 
responsibilities under NAGPRA. The museum is solely responsible for 
information and determinations stated in this notice. The National Park 
Service is not responsible for the museum's determinations.
    Information about NAGPRA is available online at http://www.cr.nps.gov/nagpra
.


DATES: Repatriation of the cultural items to the Indian tribes listed 
above in Summary may proceed after December 23, 2004, if no additional 
claimants come forward. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that 
believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the cultural items 
should contact the museum before December 23, 2004.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

    Authority. 25 U.S.C. 3001 et seq. and 43 CFR Part 10.

    Contact.Contact Georgianna Contiguglia, President/SHPO/CPO, 
Colorado Historical Society, 1300 Broadway, Denver, CO 80203, telephone 
(303) 866-3355, regarding determinations stated in this notice or to 
claim the cultural items described in this notice.
    Consultation.The museum identified the cultural items and cultural 
affiliation of the cultural items in consultation with representatives 
of the Apache Tribe of Oklahoma; Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Indian 
Community of the Fort McDowell Indian Reservation, Arizona; Fort Sill 
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma; Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River 
Indian Reservation, Arizona; Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Hualapai Indian 
Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation, Arizona; Jicarilla Apache 
Nation, New Mexico; Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah; Paiute 
Indian Tribe of Utah; Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Pueblo of Cochiti, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico; Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico; 
Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico; Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico; Pueblo of 
Picuris, New Mexico; Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico; Pueblo of San 
Felipe, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico; Pueblo of San 
Juan, New Mexico; Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Ana, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, 
New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico; Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico; 
Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico; Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of 
the Salt River Reservation, Arizona; San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San 
Carlos Reservation, Arizona; Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern 
Ute Reservation, Colorado; Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona; Ute Indian 
Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation, Utah; Ute Mountain Tribe of 
the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah; White 
Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona; Yavapai-
Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation, Arizona; Ysleta del 
Sur Pueblo of Texas; and Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New 
Mexico.
    Information about cultural items. Prior to 1882, human remains 
representing a minimum of one individual were removed by Charles R. 
Weise and Charles Mayer from an unidentified site near Aztec, San Juan 
County, NM. The human remains (O.1727.1) and associated funerary object 
(O.499.1) were transferred to the Colorado Historical Society by Dr. 
D.S. Griffith in 1882. No known individual was identified. The one 
associated funerary object is a black-on-white ceramic bowl. Cranial 
morphology is consistent with physical features common to Ancient 
Puebloan populations. Cultural items associated with the burials are 
diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan technological traditions. Ancient 
Puebloan occupation of San Juan County generally dates between 
approximately 1000 B.C. and A.D. 1300.
    In 1887 or 1888, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by Al Wetherill and C.C. Mason from the Mesa 
Verde area, Montezuma County, CO. The individual was then sold by B.K. 
Wetherill to Mr. and Mrs. James A. Chain, who later donated the 
individual to the Colorado Historical Society in approximately 1893. 
The human remains were accessioned by the Colorado Historical Society 
in 1921 (O.675.1). No known individual was identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present. While specific provenience for this 
individual is unknown, the Wetherills and Mason excavated numerous 
sites in the Mesa Verde region. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan

[[Page 68163]]

populations. Ancient Puebloan occupation of the Mesa Verde area 
generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    In 1888, human remains representing a minimum of 15 individuals 
were removed by Richard Wetherill, Al Wetherill, and Charlie Mason from 
Cliff House, also known as Cliff Palace (site 5MV.625.1), Montezuma 
County, CO. The human remains (O.668.1, O.670.1, O.677.1, O.696.1, 
O.702.1, O.703.1, O.707.1, O.710.1, O.711.1, O.712.1, O.716.1, O.719.1, 
O.729.1, O.731.1, O.734.1) and associated funerary objects (O.188.1, 
O.1741.2) were initially sold to Charles McLoyd, who sold the 
collection to the Colorado Historical Society in 1890. No known 
individuals were identified. The two associated funerary objects are 
black-on-white ceramic bowls. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Cultural 
items associated with the burials are diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan 
technological traditions. Occupation of Cliff House dates from 
approximately A.D. 1250 to 1280.
    Prior to 1890, human remains representing a minimum of two 
individuals were removed by Richard Wetherill, Al Wetherill, and 
Charlie Mason from unidentified sites in the Mesa Verde area, Montezuma 
County, CO. The human remains (O.701.1, O.2249.1) were initially sold 
to Charles McLoyd, who sold the collection to the Colorado Historical 
Society in 1890. No known individuals were identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient 
Puebloan occupation of the Mesa Verde area dates from approximately 
1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    Prior to 1890, human remains representing a minimum of two 
individuals were removed by Richard Wetherill, Al Wetherill and/or 
Charlie Mason from the Mesa Verde area, Montezuma County, CO. The 
Wetherills excavated numerous sites in the Mesa Verde area, the 
material from which they sold to Charles McLoyd, who in turn sold the 
collection to the Colorado Historical Society in 1890 (O.695.1, 
O.672.1). No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary 
objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical 
features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient Puebloan 
occupation of the Mesa Verde area generally dates from approximately 
1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    Prior to 1892, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by either Arthur Wilmarth or Al and Richard 
Wetherill from a site in Johnson Canyon, Montezuma County, CO. The 
human remains (O.678.1) were accessioned by the Colorado Historical 
Society in 1892. No known individuals were identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient 
Puebloan occupation of the Mesa Verde area generally dates from 
approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    Prior to 1892, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by Richard Wetherill, Al Wetherill, and Charlie 
Mason from a site in ``Navajo [Canyon]'' in the Mesa Verde area, 
Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (O.685.1) were initially sold 
to Charles McLoyd, who sold the collection to the Colorado Historical 
Society in 1890. No known individuals were identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient 
Puebloan occupation of the Mesa Verde area generally dates from 
approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    Prior to 1892, human remains representing a minimum of 22 
individuals were removed by either Arthur Wilmarth or Al and Richard 
Wetherill from the Mesa Verde area in Montezuma County, CO. The human 
remains (O.680.1, O.683.1, O.690.1, O.713.1, O.715.1, O.720.1, O.721.1, 
O.722.1, O.1731.1, O.1733.2, O.1734.1, O.1735.1, O.1736.1, O.1741.1, 
O.735.1, O.673.1, O.674.1, O.676.1, O.2252.1, O.2267.1, O.6017.1, 
UHR.171) were accessioned by the Colorado Historical Society in 1892. 
The 12 associated funerary objects (O.432.1, O.285.1, O.1733.3, 
O.1733.2.a, O.1733.1, O.1729.1, O.1736.1.b, O.188.2, O.1741.1.b, 
O.7405.5A& B, O.935.1) are a black-on-white ceramic mug, two black-on-
white ceramic bowls, a black-on-white ceramic pitcher, a cotton shirt, 
a buckskin shirt, a feather blanket, and three single sandals. The 
original provenience within the Mesa Verde region from which these 
human remains were removed is unknown. Arthur Wilmarth, Al and Richard 
Wetherill and D.W. Ayers excavated numerous sites in the Mesa Verde 
area (including Tower House, Balcony House, Cliff Palace, Mug House, 
Mummy House, Step House, and Spruce Tree House) at different times. 
Items recovered from earlier excavations led by the Wetherills were 
sold to Charles McLoyd, who sold the collection to the Colorado 
Historical Society in 1890. Later excavations led by Arthur Wilmarth 
were funded by the Colorado State Legislature and items from the 
excavations were displayed at the Columbian Exposition at the Chicago 
World's Fair in 1893. These items were transferred to the Colorado 
Historical Society later the same year. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. Ancient Puebloan occupation of the Mesa Verde area 
generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    In 1892, human remains representing a minimum of 30 individuals 
were removed by Arthur Wilmarth, D.W. Ayers, and Al and/or Richard 
Wetherill from the Mesa Verde area, Montezuma County, CO. The human 
remains (O.664.1, O.1738.1, O.1740.1, O.665.1, O.666.1, O.667.1, 
O.669.1, O.671.1, O.681.1, O.687.1, O.689.1, O.691.1, O.692.1, O.693.1, 
O.694.1, O.717.1, O.723.1, O.724.1, O.725.1, O.726.1, O.727.1, O.728.1, 
O.730.1, O.733.1O.1742.1, O.1743.1, O.1744.1, O.1745.1, O.2247.1, 
O.2250.1) were accessioned by the Colorado Historical Society between 
1893 and 1921. No known individuals were identified. The 26 associated 
funerary objects (O.1738.1.a-d, O.1740.1.a, O.1742.1.a-c, O.214.1, 
O.293.1, O.383.1, O.1742.2, O.1742.3, O.428.1, O.1743.1.a-b, 
O.1744.1.a-b, O.1745.1.a, O.1745.2, O.1745.3, O.1745.4, O.1745.5, 
O.1745.6, O.1745.7, O.1745.8) are a sewn hide, five feather blankets, 
two fragments of cotton cloth, three scirpus mats, two hide wraps, a 
grayware kiva jar, a black-on-white bowl, a black-on-white jar, a 
grayware bowl, a grayware pitcher, a black-on-white mug, four grayware 
jars, and three hammerstones. Using funds approved by the Colorado 
State Legislature, Mr. Wilmarth developed an exhibit for the Columbian 
Exposition at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893 and transferred the 
artifacts to the Colorado Historical Society in 1893 after the fair. 
While specific provenience for these individuals is unknown, Mr. 
Wilmarth, Al and Richard Wetherill, and D.W. Ayers excavated Tower 
House, Balcony House, Cliff Palace, Mug House, Mummy House, Step House, 
and Spruce Tree House to assemble the collection. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. Cultural items associated with the burials are diagnostic 
of Ancient Puebloan technological traditions. Ancient Puebloan 
occupation of the Mesa Verde

[[Page 68164]]

area generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    Prior to 1893, human remains representing a minimum of 10 
individuals were removed by either Arthur Wilmarth or Al and Richard 
Wetherill from Cliff House (site 5MV.625.1) in Johnson Canyon, 
Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (O.679.1. O.697.1, O.704.1, 
O.705.1, O.706.1, O.708.1, O.709.1, O.718.1, O.720.1, O.732.1) were 
accessioned by the Colorado Historical Society in 1893. No known 
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present. Mr. Wilmarth, Al and Richard Wetherill, and D.W. Ayers 
excavated Cliff House at different times. Items recovered from earlier 
excavations led by the Wetherills were sold to Charles McLoyd, who sold 
the collection to the Colorado Historical Society in 1890. Later 
excavations led by Arthur Wilmarth were funded by the Colorado State 
Legislature and items from the excavations were displayed at the 
Columbian Exposition at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893. These items 
were transferred to the Colorado Historical Society later that same 
year. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common to 
Ancient Puebloan populations. Cultural items associated with the 
burials are diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan technological traditions. 
Occupation of Cliff House dates to the Pueblo III period, from 
approximately A.D. 1250 to 1280.
    Prior to 1893, human remains representing a minimum of four 
individuals were removed by either Arthur Wilmarth or Al and Richard 
Wetherill from Mummy House (5MV524), Montezuma County, CO. It is likely 
that these individuals were removed during excavations funded by the 
Colorado State Legislature and led by Wilmarth, along with the 
Wetherill brothers and D.W. Ayers, to develop an exhibit for the 
Columbian Exposition at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893 and the 
individuals were transferred to the Colorado Historical Society that 
same year. (O.714.1, O.1732.1, O.1737.1 [1-2]). The six associated 
funerary objects (O.4903.1.a-f) are a feather blanket, cotton cloth, a 
piece of cotton twine, a hide, and two wooden objects. Cranial 
morphology is consistent with physical features common to Ancient 
Puebloan populations. Cultural items associated with the burials are 
diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan technological traditions. Ancient 
Puebloan occupation of the Mesa Verde area generally dates from 
approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    In the early 1900s, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by the family of Mrs. Margery Stanley from an 
unknown location in Arizona. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 211) 
were transferred by the Denver Office of the Medical Examiner to the 
Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation (OAHP, part of 
the Colorado Historical Society) in 2003. No known individual was 
identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Cranial 
morphology is consistent with physical features common to Ancient 
Puebloan populations. Ancient Puebloan sites in the southwestern United 
States generally date between approximately 1000 B.C. and A.D. 1300.
    In 1904, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by an unknown individual from an unidentified cliff 
dwelling near Mancos, Montezuma County, CO. The human remains 
(O.7337.1) were accessioned by the Colorado Historical Society in the 
1960s. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary 
objects are present. Occupation of Ancient Puebloan cliff dwellings in 
the Mancos area generally date from 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    In 1905, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals 
were removed by Cecil A. Deane from an Ancient Puebloan architectural 
site in northwestern New Mexico. Mr. Deane sold the human remains 
(O.684.1, O.698.1) to the Colorado Historical Society in 1905. No known 
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common 
to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient Puebloan occupation of 
northwestern New Mexico generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. to 
A.D. 1300.
    In 1908, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by a collaborative team from the Colorado Historical 
Society, University of Colorado, and Archaeological Institute of 
America from Cannonball Ruins (site 5MT338), Montezuma County, CO. The 
human remains (O.6016.1) were transferred to the Colorado Historical 
Society by Carl E. Guthe in 1931. No known individual was identified. 
No associated funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. Occupation of Cannonball Ruins dates to the Pueblo II/III 
period, from approximately A.D. 1250 to 1280.
    Prior to 1912, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by an unknown individual from an unknown 
location. The human remains (O.688.1) were accessioned by the Colorado 
Historical Society in 1912. No known individual was identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. Ancient Puebloan occupation of the southwestern United 
States generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.

    In 1928 and 1929, human remains representing a minimum of five 
individuals were removed by Paul Martin from Little Dog Ruin (site 
5MT13403), Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (O.2233.1, O.2234.1, 
O.2235.1, O.2236.1, O.2239.1) were accessioned by the Colorado 
Historical Society in 1929. No known individual was identified. The 
three associated funerary objects (O.2159.1, O.2233.B, O.2233.C) are a 
black-on-white bowl, a basket fragment, and a pine needle brush. 
Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common to 
Ancient Puebloan populations. The cultural items associated with the 
burials are diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan technological traditions. 
Occupation of Little Dog Ruin dates to the Pueblo III period, from 
approximately A.D. 1140 to 1300.
    In 1928, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals 
were removed by Paul Martin from the Herren site (5MT2516), Montezuma 
County, CO. The human remains (O.2237.1, O.2238.1) were accessioned by 
the Colorado Historical Society in 1928. No known individuals were 
identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Cranial 
morphology is consistent with physical characteristics common to 
Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of the Herren site dates to 
the Pueblo II period, from approximately A.D. 1150 to 1250.

    In 1928, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by Paul Martin from the Charnel House Tower, Montezuma 
County, CO. The human remains (O.2239.1) were accessioned by the 
Colorado Historical Society in 1928. No known individual was 
identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Cranial 
morphology is consistent with physical characteristics common to 
Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of Charnel House Tower dates 
to the Pueblo II period, from approximately A.D. 1175 to 1225.

[[Page 68165]]

    Prior to 1930, human remains representing a minimum of two 
individuals were removed by the Colorado Historical Society from an 
unidentified site in Pagosa/Piedra region, Archuleta County, CO. The 
human remains (O.2243.1, O.2260.1) were accessioned by the Colorado 
Historical Society in 1930. No known individuals were identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. Ancient Puebloan occupation of the Pagosa/Piedra region 
generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    Prior to 1930, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by Frank Hoder from site 5MT13290, Montezuma 
County, CO. Mr. Hoder willed the human remains to Red Morey, who 
transferred them to the custody of the U.S. Department of the Interior, 
Bureau of Land Management, Anasazi Heritage Center in 1992. The Bureau 
of Land Management transferred the human remains to the Colorado Office 
of Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 1992 (OAHP Case Number 72). 
No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common 
to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient Puebloan occupation of the 
Mesa Verde area generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 
1300.
    Prior to 1930, human remains representing a minimum of three 
individuals were removed by Jean A. Jeancon and Frank H.H. Roberts from 
unidentified sites on Stollsteimer Mesa, Archuleta County, CO. The 
human remains (O.2240.1, O.2241.1, O.2242.1) were accessioned by the 
Colorado Historical Society in 1930. No known individuals were 
identified. One associated funerary object (O.7359.19) is a black-on-
white ceramic sherd. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical 
features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. The cultural item 
associated with the burials is diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan 
technological traditions. Ancient Puebloan occupation of Stollsteimer 
Mesa generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    In approximately 1930, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed from an unidentified site in Montezuma County, 
CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 64) were acquired by Joyce 
Barnett, who donated them to the Colorado Historical Society in 1992. 
No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects 
are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features 
common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient Puebloan occupation of 
Montezuma County generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 
1300.
    In 1935, human remains representing a minimum of six individuals 
were removed by Harold Westesen from an unknown location on Dove Creek, 
Dolores County, CO. Mr. Westesen donated the human remains (O.7359.1, 
O.7360.1.A, O.7360.2, O.7360.3, O.7360.4.A, O.7360.4.B) to the Montrose 
Chamber of Commerce, who transferred them to the Colorado Historical 
Society in 1956. No known individuals were identified. The one 
associated funerary object (O.7359.19) is a black-on-white ceramic 
sherd. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common 
to Ancient Puebloan populations. The cultural item associated with the 
burials is diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan technological traditions. 
Ancient Puebloan occupation of the Dove Creek area generally dates from 
approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    In 1940, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by a rancher from an unidentified location in the Shavanno 
Valley, Montrose County, CO. The human remains (O.7450.1) were donated 
to the Colorado Historical Society by Mr. R.J. Yarberry and Mr. Frank 
Hovery in 1964. No known individuals were identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient 
Puebloan occupation of the Montrose County generally dates from 
approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    Prior to 1944, human remains representing a minimum of 134 
individuals were removed by avocational collector James Mellinger from 
unspecified sites in Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, or Utah. Mr. 
Mellinger donated the human remains to the Colorado Historical Society 
between 1944 and 1951 (CHS accession numbers 78.98.1, 3-10, 13-17, 19, 
21-22, 24-35, 38-39, 42-45, 48-51, 53-70, 72-80, 82-96, 98-100; 
78.99.2-49; JS.2; O.1728.1). No known individuals were identified. The 
one associated funerary object (O.1728.3) is a woven mat. Mr. Mellinger 
is known to have collected primarily in the Four Corners region of the 
southwestern United States. The morphology of the human remains is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. The cultural item associated with the burials is 
diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan technological traditions. Ancient 
Puebloan occupation of the southwestern Unites States generally dates 
from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    In the 1940s and 1950s, human remains representing a minimum of 
three individuals were removed by unknown persons from unidentified 
sites near Cortez, Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case 
Number 170) were sent to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and 
Historic Preservation in 1999. No known individuals were identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. Ancient Puebloan sites in Montezuma County generally date 
between approximately 1000 B.C. and A.D. 1300.
    Prior to 1961, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by William Allen from an unidentified site near 
Durango, La Plata County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 177) 
were transferred to the control of the Colorado Office of Archaeology 
and Historic Preservation in 2000. No known individual was identified. 
No associated funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. Ancient Puebloan occupation of southwestern United States 
generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    Prior to 1963, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed from an unknown location. The human remains 
(O.7402.1) were accessioned by the Colorado Historical Society in 1963. 
No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common 
to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient Puebloan occupation of 
southwestern United States generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. 
to A.D. 1300.
    In approximately 1965, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by an unknown individual from an unknown 
location in Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 
210) were later transferred to a student, who transferred them to 
Pueblo Community College, who transferred them to the Colorado Office 
of Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 2003. No known individual 
was identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Cranial 
morphology is consistent with physical features

[[Page 68166]]

common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient Puebloan sites in 
Montezuma County generally date between approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 
1300.
    In 1970, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by an unknown person from Dolores County, CO. Robert A. 
Marra sent the human remains to the Office of Archaeology and Historic 
Preservation (part of the Colorado Historical Society) in 1992 (OAHP 
Case Number 74). No known individual was identified. The 78 associated 
funerary objects are 41 pottery sherds, 1 daub fragment, 30 chipped 
stone items, 1 shaped sandstone fragment (possibly a pot lid), and 5 
fossilized bivalve shells. Pottery types include Mesa Verde, San Juan, 
and Kayenta whitewares; La Plata black-on-red, La Plata whitewares, La 
Plata black-on-red, and Mesa Verde graywares. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. The associated funerary objects are diagnostic of Ancient 
Puebloan technology. Ancient Puebloan occupation of Dolores County 
generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C to A.D. 1300.
    In 1977, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals 
were removed by the University of Colorado from the Tamarron site 
(5LP326), La Plata County, CO. The removal was done pursuant to a state 
permit. The University of Colorado, Boulder transferred the individuals 
to OAHP in 1991 (OAHP Case Numbers 59 and 60). No known individuals 
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Cranial 
morphology is consistent with physical features common to Ancient 
Puebloan populations. Occupation of the Pueblo I component of the 
Tamarron Site generally dates from approximately A.D. 750 to 900.
    Prior to 1980, human remains representing a minimum of two 
individuals were removed by unknown persons from unknown sites near 
Cortez, Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 165) 
were given to the Cortez Public Library, which sent them to the 
Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 1999. 
Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common to 
Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient Puebloan sites around Cortez 
generally date between approximately A.D. 400 and 1300.
    Prior to 1981, human remains representing a minimum of 10 
individuals were identified during a collections inventory at the 
Colorado Historical Society conducted by James Hummert. The human 
remains (UHR.3, 5, 56, 57, 104, 157, 175, 176, 183, O.663.1) were 
accessioned by the Colorado Historical Society in 1981. No known 
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common 
to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient Puebloan occupation of 
southwestern United States generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. 
to A.D. 1300.
    Prior to 1990, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by an unknown person from site Montezuma 
County, CO. Peggy Bullard initially gave the human remains to the U.S. 
Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Anasazi Heritage 
Center, which subsequently transferred them to the Colorado Office of 
Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 1991 (OAHP Case Number 33). No 
known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common 
to Ancient Puebloan populations. The remains are estimated to date to 
the Pueblo I-III periods, from approximately A.D. 750 to 1300.
    Prior to 1990, human remains human remains representing a minimum 
of one individual were removed by J. Dean Larson from Hartman Draw, 
Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 76) were 
transferred to the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land 
Management, Anasazi Heritage Center in 1990, and were later transferred 
to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 
1993. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary 
objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical 
features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Sites in this locality 
date from approximately A.D. 400 to 1300.
    In 1991, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by Complete Archaeological Service's Associates from site 
5MT9105, Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 28) 
were initially transferred to the U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau 
of Reclamation, which subsequently transferred them to the Colorado 
Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 1993. At the time of 
removal, site 5MT9105 was located on private land. No known individual 
was identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Cranial 
morphology is consistent with physical features common to Ancient 
Puebloan populations. Occupation of site 5MT9105 dates to the 
Basketmaker III period, from approximately A.D. 500 to 750.
    In 1991, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals 
were removed by vandals from Bob Hampton Ruin (site 5DL859), Dolores 
County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 32) were transferred by 
the Dolores County Sheriff to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and 
Historic Preservation in 1992. No known individuals were identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. Occupation of site 5DL859 dates to the Pueblo I-III 
periods from approximately A.D. 750 to 1300.
    In 1991, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals 
were removed by OAHP staff from site 5LP2740, La Plata County, CO. The 
removal was done pursuant to a state permit (OAHP Case Number 36). No 
known individuals were identified. The 21 associated funerary objects 
are 17 lithic flakes and 4 plain grayware sherds. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. The associated funerary objects are diagnostic of Ancient 
Puebloan technology. Occupation of site 5LP2740 dates to the 
Basketmaker II/III and Pueblo I-III periods, from approximately 1000 
B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    In 1991, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals 
were removed by Complete Archaeological Service's Associated from site 
5MT10963, Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 37) 
were transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic 
Preservation in 1993. The removal was done pursuant to a state permit. 
No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects 
are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features 
common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of site 5LP2740 
dates to the Basketmaker III period, from approximately A.D. 500 to 
750.
    Prior to 1992, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by the Gullatt family from an unknown location 
in the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States. The human 
remains (OAHP Case Number 77) were transferred to the U.S. Department 
of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Anasazi Heritage Center in 
1992 and were later transferred to the Colorado

[[Page 68167]]

Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation 1993. No known 
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present. 
Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common to 
Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient Puebloan occupation of 
southwestern United States generally dates from approximately 1000 B.C. 
to A.D. 1300.
    In 1992, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by Rice Reavis from site 5AA2011, Archuleta County, CO. 
The human remains (OAHP Case Number 65) were examined by staff at San 
Juan College and were transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology 
and Historic Preservation in 1992. At the time of removal, site 5AA2011 
was located on private land. No known individual was identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. Occupation of site 5AA2011 dates to the Pueblo I period, 
from approximately A.D. 750 to 900.
    In 1992, the Denver Coroner transferred human remains representing 
a minimum of one individual to the Denver Museum of Natural History, 
which in turn transferred them to the Colorado Office of Archaeology 
and Historic Preservation the same year (OAHP Case Number 67). No known 
individual was identified. The 19 associated funerary objects are 
pottery sherds. Pottery types are Mancos graywares, Cortez and Mancos 
whitewares and plainwares. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. The 
associated funerary objects are diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan 
technology dating to the Pueblo I/II period, from approximately A.D. 
750 to 1150.
    Prior to 1993, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by an unknown individual from site 5MT13292, 
Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 78) were 
transferred to Janice Smith Olson, who later transferred them to the 
Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 1993. No 
known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common 
to Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of site 5MT13292 dates from 
approximately A.D. 400 to 1300.
    Prior to 1993, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by an unknown individual from an unknown site 
in southwestern Colorado. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 91) were 
donated to the La Puente Valley Historical Society in California, who 
sent the human remains to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and 
Historic Preservation in 1993. No known individual was identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. Ancient Puebloan sites in southwestern Colorado generally 
date from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300.
    In 1993, human remains representing a minimum of six individuals 
were removed by Southwest Cultural Associates from sites 5MT5168, 
5MT9343, 5MT11861, and 5MT7522, Montezuma County, CO. The human remains 
(OAHP Case Number 88) were transferred to Janice Smith Olson, who later 
transferred them to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic 
Preservation in 1993. The removal was done pursuant to a state permit. 
No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects 
are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features 
common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of sites 5MT9168, 
MT11861, and 5MT9343 dates to the Basketmaker III period, from 
approximately A.D. 500 to 750. Occupation of 5MT7522 dates from the 
Basketmaker III to the Pueblo II periods, from approximately A.D. 500 
to 1100.
    In 1994, human remains representing a minimum of six individuals 
were removed by Woods Canyon Archaeological Consultants from the Seed 
Jar site (5MT3892), Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case 
Number 94) were transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and 
Historic Preservation in 1996. The removal was done pursuant to a state 
permit. At the time of removal, site 5MT3892 was located on private 
land. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary 
objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical 
features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of the Seed 
Jar site dates to the Pueblo III period, from approximately A.D. 1150 
to 1300.
    In 1995, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals 
were removed by Woods Canyon Archaeological Consultants from the Ladle 
House site (5MT3873), Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP 
Case Number 117) were transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology 
and Historic Preservation in 1995. The removal was done pursuant to a 
state permit. At the time of removal, site 5MT3873 was located on 
private land. No known individual was identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of 
the Ladle House site dates to the Pueblo II period, from approximately 
A.D. 900 to 1150.
    In 1995, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals 
were removed by Fort Lewis College from site 5LP4553, La Plata County, 
CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 110) were transferred to the 
Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 1995. The 
removal was done pursuant to a state permit. No known individual was 
identified. The 26 associated funerary objects are one stone, one piece 
of unworked hematite, one obsidian biface, seven Olivella sp. beads, 
two bone awls, two shell pendants, one biface, and 11 antler or bone 
gaming pieces. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features 
common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Cultural items associated with 
the burials are diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan technological 
traditions. Occupation of site 5LP4553 dates to the Basketmaker III 
period, from approximately A.D. 500 to 750.
    In 1995, human remains representing a minimum of three individuals 
were removed by Fort Lewis College from site 5LP117, La Plata County, 
CO. The human remains were transferred to the Colorado Office of 
Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 1995 (OAHP Case Number 112). 
The removal was done pursuant to a state permit. No known individual 
was identified. The 16 associated funerary objects are 12 grayware 
ceramic sherds, one black-on-white sherd, one Fugitive Redware black-
on-white sherd, one Fugitive Redware ceramic sherd, and one tubular 
bone bead. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features 
common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Cultural items associated with 
the burials are diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan technological 
traditions. Occupation of site 5LP117 dates to the Basketmaker II /III, 
from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 750.
    In 1997, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by Centennial Archaeology from site 5LP678, La Plata 
County, CO. The human remains were transferred to the Colorado Office 
of Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 2001 (OAHP Case Number 
188). No known individual was identified. No associated funerary 
objects are present. Occupation of site 5LP678 dates to the Basketmaker

[[Page 68168]]

III and Pueblo I periods, from approximately A.D. 400 to 1100.
    In 1997, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by Alpine Archaeological Consultants from site 5LP695, La 
Plata County, CO. The human remains were transferred to the Colorado 
Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 2001 (OAHP Case 
Number 189). No known individual was identified. No associated funerary 
objects are present. Occupation of site 5LP695 dates to the Basketmaker 
II and Pueblo I/II periods, from approximately A.D. 100 to 1100.
    In 1997, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by Alpine Archaeological Consultants from site 5LP696, La 
Plata County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 190) were 
transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic 
Preservation in 2001. No known individual was identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of 
site 5LP696 dates from approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 1300
    In 1998, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by Alpine Archeological Consultants from site 5LP5084, La 
Plata County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 158) were 
transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic 
Preservation in 2001. No known individual was identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of 
site 5LP5084 dates to the Basketmaker III and Pueblo I periods, from 
approximately A.D 400 to A.D. 1100.
    In 1998, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by Alpine Archaeological Consultants from site 5LP2820, La 
Plata County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 159) were 
transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic 
Preservation in 2001. No known individual was identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of 
site 5LP2820 dates to the Basketmaker III period, from approximately 
A.D. 500 to 750.
    In 1998, human remains representing a minimum of three individuals 
were removed by La Plata Archaeological Consultants from site 5LP425, 
La Plata County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 139) were 
transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic 
Preservation in 1999. The removal was done pursuant to a state permit. 
No known individual was identified. The one associated funerary object 
is a grayware sherd. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical 
features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. The cultural item 
associated with the burials is diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan 
technological traditions. Occupation of site 5LP425 dates from 
approximately 1000 B.C. to A.D. 750.
    In 1998, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by the Montezuma County Sheriff's Department from site 
5MT13240, Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 
140) were transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and 
Historic Preservation in 1998. No known individual was identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. Occupation of site 5MT13240 dates from approximately A.D. 
750 to 1300.
    In 1998, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by Ed Daniels from site 5MT13241, Montezuma County, CO. 
The human remains (OAHP Case Number 141) were transferred to the 
Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 1998. At 
the time of removal, site 5MT13241 was located on private land. No 
known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common 
to Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of site 5MT13241 dates to 
the Pueblo II/II period, from approximately A.D. 900 to 1300.
    In 1998, human remains representing a minimum of five individuals 
were found by Lyle Dennison in the trunk of an abandoned vehicle in 
Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 142) were 
reported to the Montezuma County Coroner's Office, who transferred the 
human remains to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic 
Preservation the same year. No known individuals were identified. The 
14 associated funerary objects are seven lithic flakes, four animal 
bone fragments and three ceramic sherds. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. The cultural items associated with the burials are 
diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan technological traditions. Ancient 
Puebloan sites in Montezuma County generally date from approximately 
A.D. 400 to 1300.

    In 1999, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by Woods Canyon Archaeological Consultants from site 
5LP379, La Plata County, CO. Excavations of site 5LP379 were conducted 
pursuant to a state permit. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 160) 
were transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic 
Preservation in 2002. No known individual was identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of 
site 5LP379 dates to the Pueblo I period, from approximately A.D. 750 
to 900.
    In 1999, human remains representing a minimum of five individuals 
were removed by Complete Archaeological Service's from Stix and Leaves 
Pueblo (site 5MT11555), Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP 
Case Number 161) were transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology 
and Historic Preservation in 2002. Excavations at Stix and Leaves 
Pueblo were conducted pursuant to a state permit. At the time of 
removal, site 5MT11555 was located on private land. No known 
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common 
to Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of Stix and Leaves Pueblo 
dates to the Pueblo I-II periods, from approximately A.D. 750 to 1300.
    Between 1999 and 2002, human remains representing a minimum of 28 
individuals were removed by staff from Fort Lewis College from the Dark 
Mold site (5LP4991), La Plata County, CO. Excavations at the Dark Mold 
site were conducted pursuant to a state permit. At the time of removal, 
site 5LP4991 was located on private land. The human remains and 
associated funerary objects (OAHP Case Number 156) were transferred to 
the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 2002. 
No known individuals were identified. The 113 associated funerary 
objects are 84 Olivella beads, four Haliotis pendants, one chlorite 
schist pipe, one chlorite schist pendant, one bone bead, four bone 
awls, one mano, one biface, one bone tool, one bone bead, one utilized 
flake, one lithic core, one lithic tool, one lithic serrated tool, two 
manos, one lithic core, one lithic copper, one groundstone, one shell, 
one notched animal rib, and three stone beads. Cranial morphology is 
consistent

[[Page 68169]]

with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Cultural 
items associated with the burials are diagnostic of Ancient Puebloan 
technological traditions. Occupation of the Dark Mold dates to the 
Basketmaker II period, from 1000 B.C. to A.D. 500.
    Prior to 2000, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by staff from the University of Colorado from 
an unspecified site in southwestern Colorado. The human remains (OAHP 
Case Number 176) were transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology 
and Historic Preservation in 2000. No known individual was identified. 
No associated funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is 
consistent with physical features common to Ancient Puebloan 
populations. Ancient Puebloan sites in southwestern Colorado generally 
date between approximately A.D. 400 and 1300.
    In 2000, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by staff from Fort Lewis College from site 5LP5980, La 
Plata County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 183) were 
transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic 
Preservation in 2002. Excavations at site 5LP5980 were conducted 
pursuant to a state permit. At the time of removal, site 5LP5980 was 
located on private land. No known individual was identified. The three 
associated funerary objects are two small gray ceramic pots and one 
deer scapula hoe. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical 
features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Occupation of site 
5LP5980 dates to the Basketmaker II/III period from approximately 1500 
B.C. to A.D. 750.
    In 2003, human remains representing a minimum of one individual 
were removed by Charles Wheeler from site 5LP7347 on the grounds of 
Fort Lewis College, La Plata County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case 
Number 208) were transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and 
Historic Preservation in 2003. No known individual was identified. No 
associated funerary objects are present. Occupation of 5LP7347 dates to 
the Basketmaker II/III period, from approximately 1500 B.C. to A.D. 
750.
    On an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed from an unidentified site in Jefferson County, 
CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 149) were seized by the Arvada 
Police Department as part of a criminal investigation and subsequently 
transferred to the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic 
Preservation in 1999. No known individual was identified. No associated 
funerary objects are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with 
physical features common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient 
Puebloan sites in the southwestern United States generally date between 
approximately 1000 B.C. and A.D. 1300.
    On an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of two 
individuals were removed by an unknown individual from an unknown site 
in Montezuma County, CO. The human remains (OAHP Case Number 115) were 
received by the Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic 
Preservation in 1996. An anonymous note accompanying the human remains 
states that the human remains came from Cow Canyon in Montezuma County, 
CO. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects 
are present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features 
common to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient Puebloan sites in 
Montezuma County generally date between approximately A.D. 400 and 
1300.
    On an unknown date, human remains representing a minimum of one 
individual were removed by an unknown person from a site in Dolores 
County, CO. Bill Wagner of Dolores, CO, gave the human remains to Mrs. 
Odom, who subsequently transferred them to the U.S. Department of the 
Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Anasazi Heritage Center. The 
Anasazi Heritage Center transferred the human remains to the Colorado 
Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation in 1991 (OAHP Case 
Number 34). At the time of removal, site 5DL1989 was on private land. 
No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are 
present. Cranial morphology is consistent with physical features common 
to Ancient Puebloan populations. Ancient Puebloan sites in the 
southwestern United States generally date between approximately 1000 
B.C. and A.D. 1300.
    The cultural affiliation of the human remains and associated 
funerary objects described above with present-day Native American 
tribes was determined through the use of the following lines of 
evidence: geographical, kinship, biological, archeological, 
anthropological, linguistic, oral tradition, historical, and expert 
opinion. Evidence was gathered from consultations with the Indian 
tribes listed above in Consultation, physical examination, survey of 
acquisitional history, review of pertinent archeological, ethnographic, 
historic, anthropological and linguistic literature, and artifact 
analysis. Similarities in site architecture and material culture 
associated with the human remains are consistent with Ancient Puebloan 
occupation of the southwestern United States from the Basketmaker I 
period through the Pueblo III period (between approximately 1000 B.C. 
and A.D. 1300). The archeological literature refers to this widespread 
cultural tradition as ``Anasazi,'' ``Ancestral Puebloan,'' or ``Ancient 
Puebloan.'' Cranial modification is common to many Ancient Puebloan 
remains and is believed to reflect their widespread use of cradleboards 
to carry infants. Ancient Puebloan ceramic typologies help to identify 
chronological and geographical technological traditions. After 
approximately A.D. 1300, climatic changes evidently caused pueblo 
populations to leave the Four Corners region and resettle in Pueblos 
along the Rio Grande and in the Pueblos of Acoma, Zuni, and Hopi. 
Extant oral traditions corroborate dynamic population movements within 
the region during this time.
    Determinations.Under 25 U.S.C. 3003, museum officials have 
determined that the human remains represent the physical remains of 361 
individuals of Native American ancestry. Museum officials determined 
that the 345 cultural items are reasonably believed to have been placed 
with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as 
part of the death rite or ceremony. Museum officials determined that 
the human remains and associated funerary objects are culturally 
affiliated with the Indian tribes listed in Summary.
    Notification.The museum is responsible for sending copies of this 
notice to the consulted Indian tribes listed above in Consultation.

    Dated: October 12, 2004
Sherry Hutt,
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 04-25918 Filed 11-22-04; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4312-50-S
Back to the top

Back to National NAGPRA