[Federal Register: January 8, 2002 (Volume 67, Number 5)]
[Notices]
[Page 909-910]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr08ja02-93]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the U.S.
Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Natchez Trace
Parkway, Tupelo, MS

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the U.S. Department of the
Interior, National Park Service, Natchez Trace Parkway, Tupelo, MS.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
National Park Service unit that has control or possession of these
Native American human remains. The Assistant Director, Cultural
Resources Stewardship and Partnerships is not responsible for the
determinations within this notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by National
Park Service professional staff in consultation with representatives of
the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Alabama-Coushatta
Tribes of Texas; Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Cherokee
Nation, Oklahoma; Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma; Chitimacha Tribe of
Louisiana; Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma; Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians
of North Carolina; Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma; Jena Band of
Choctaw Indians, Louisiana; Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Miccosukee
Tribe of Indians of Florida; Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians,
Mississippi; Muskogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek
Indians of Alabama; Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; Seminole Tribe of
Florida, Dania, Big Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations;
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of
Louisiana; and United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians of Oklahoma.
The Shawnee Tribe, also known also as the ``Loyal Shawnee'' or
``Cherokee Shawnee,'' a nonfederally recognized Native American group
at the time that they were consulted, has since been recognized as
eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United
States to Indians because of their status as Indians under provisions
of P.L. 106-568.
    The 50 human remains and 5,257 associated funerary objects
described below were recovered from 5 different sites.
    In 1939, human remains representing 13 individuals were recovered
from Alton's Chickasaw Village during a legally authorized National
Park Service excavation. No known individuals were identified. The
2,174 associated funerary objects are 2,107 glass beads, 55 kettle
fragments, 2 brass buckles, 2 ear plugs, 2 pieces of wood, 2 cloth
fragments, 1 animal bone fragment, 1 bell, 1 iron hoe, and 1 metal
spring.
    In 1940, human remains representing 26 individuals were recovered
from the Ackia Village site during a legally authorized National Park
Service excavation to gather information on historic Chickasaw sites.
No known individuals were identified. The 88 associated funerary
objects are 28 musket balls, 17 metal spring fragments, 12 buttons, 7
pieces of worked bone, 5 gunflints, 4 flake tools, 2 glass beads, 2
projectile points, 2 knife fragments, 2 bracelets, 1 brass bell, 1
nail, 1 metal fragment, 1 stone biface, 1 scraper, 1 cup, and 1 tobacco
pipe.
    In 1940, human remains representing three individuals were
recovered from the Beldin's Ridge site during a legally authorized
National Park Service project. No known individuals were identified.
The 977 associated funerary objects are 972 glass beads, 2 copper
ornaments, 2 Wilson Plain-variety Oktibbeha ceramic vessel fragments,
and 1 stone tool.
    In 1947 and 1948, human remains representing seven individuals were
recovered from the Bynum Mounds site during a legally authorized
project. No known individuals were identified. The 2,014 associated
funerary objects are 1,916 glass beads, 27 metal fragments, 9 silver
spoons, 9 flintlock fragments, 6 cloth fragments, 5 metal files, 4
metal knives, 4 wire fragments, 4 copper earrings, 4 ornaments, 3 metal
cups, 2 shell gorgets, 2 musket balls, 2 rivets, 2 blades, 2 utensils,
1 tobacco pipe, 1 gunflint, 1 whetstone, 1 silver brooch, 1 silver
crown, 1 metal spike, 1 metal spring, 1 button, 1 snuffbox, 1 bell, 1
powder flask, 1 ground stone, 1 polishing stone, 1 basket fragment, 1
worked antler, 1 metal screw, and 1 unidentifiable object.
    In 1955, human remains representing one individual were recovered
from the site of the Futorian Furniture Company. The site, which is
located off of park property, was legally excavated. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Ackia Village, Alton's Chickasaw Village, Beldin's Ridge, and the
Futorian Furniture Company sites are all located in the vicinity of
Tupelo, MS, within the area known as ``Chickasaw Old Fields.'' In the
early 18th century, the Chickasaw consolidated their settlements into
this area. The locations of these villages are recorded on several
historic maps. On the basis of historic maps and records, as well as
the archeological data gathered during the excavations, the occupation
of these sites has been dated to the first half of the 18th century
(A.D. 1700-1750). Historical accounts also document that each of these
sites was the location of a Chickasaw village and is within the
historic homeland of the Chickasaw Nation.
    The Bynum Mounds site is located south of Tupelo in Chickasaw
County, MS. The site consists of a village and burial mound dating to
the Woodland period (200-300 B.C.), and a historic period (A.D. 1750-
1850) village occupation. On the basis of the artifacts associated with
the burials, the human remains from the historic component are believed
to date to the early 19th century (A.D. 1800-1830). The site is located
within the historic homeland of the Chickasaw Nation.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, the superintendent of
Natchez Trace Parkway has determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical remains
of 50 individuals of Native American ancestry. The

[[Page 910]]

superintendent of Natchez Trace Parkway also has determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the 5,257 objects listed above are
reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human
remains at the time of death or later as part of a death rite or
ceremony. Lastly, the superintendent of Natchez Trace Parkway has
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship
of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the
Native American human remains and associated funerary objects recovered
from Ackia Village, Alton's Chickasaw Village, Beldin's Ridge, the
historic component the Bynum Mounds, and the Futorian Furniture Company
sites, and the Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Absentee-Shawnee
Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Alabama and Coushatta Tribes of Texas;
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma;
Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma; Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana; Choctaw
Nation of Oklahoma; Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina;
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma; Jena Band of Choctaw Indians,
Louisiana; Kialegee Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Miccosukee Tribe of Indians
of Florida; Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi; Muskogee
(Creek) Nation, Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama;
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big
Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations; Shawnee Tribe,
Oklahoma; Thlopthlocco Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Tunica-Biloxi Indian
Tribe of Louisiana; and United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians of
Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes
itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains and
associated funerary objects should contact Wendell Simpson,
Superintendent, Natchez Trace Parkway, 2680 Natchez Trace Parkway,
Tupelo, MS 38803, telephone (662) 680-4005, before February 7, 2002.
Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects to
the Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma may begin after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: October 19, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 02-385 Filed 1-7-02; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-S
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