[Federal Register: June 18, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 117)]
[Notices]
[Page 32842-32843]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr18jn01-124]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service


Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Control of the U.S. Department
of the Interior, National Park Service, Ocmulgee National Monument,
Macon, GA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the control of the U.S. Department of the Interior,
National Park Service, Ocmulgee National Monument, Macon, GA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2(c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
National Park Service unit that has control or possession of these
Native American human remains and associated funerary objects. The
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships is
not responsible for the determinations within this notice.
    A detailed assessment and inventory of the human remains and
associated funerary objects has been made by National Park Service
professional staff in consultation with representatives of the
Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Alabama-Coushatta Tribes
of Texas; Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Catawba Indian
Nation; Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma; Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma; Choctaw
Nation of Oklahoma; Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana; Eastern Band of
Cherokee Indians of North Carolina; Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma;
Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana; Kialegee Tribal Town of the
Creek Indian Nation, Oklahoma; Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida;
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi; Muscogee (Creek)
Nation of Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; Seminole
Nation of Oklahoma; Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress,
Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations; Thlopthlocco Tribal Town of
the Creek Nation, Oklahoma; and United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee
Indians of Oklahoma. The Shawnee Tribe, also known as the ``Loyal
Shawnee'' or ``Cherokee Shawnee,'' a non-Federally recognized Native
American group at the time that they were consulted, have since been
recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided
by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians
under provisions of P.L. 106-568.
    Between 1957 and 1958, human remains representing eight individuals
were recovered from the Trading Post area of the Macon Plateau unit of
Ocmulgee National Monument. No known individuals were identified. The
16,168 associated funerary objects are 16,147 glass beads, 1 tobacco
pipe, 1 axe, 2 knives, 5 gunflints, 2 gun shot, 4 balls, 1 musket ball,
1 glass fragment, 1 shell artifact, 2 spiral springs, and 1 gorget. The
trading post at Macon was operated by the British from 1685-1717. The
historic Creek town associated with the trading post has long been
thought to have been Ocmulgee. Burials excavated at this site were
identified as historic Creek on the basis of European trade goods found
in association with the remains.
    In 1961 and 1962, human remains representing four individuals were
recovered from the Ocmulgee Bottoms Salvage site. The Ocmulgee Bottoms
Salvage site is located approximately one mile from the trading post
site, within the boundary of Ocmulgee National Monument. No known
individuals were identified. The 14,985 associated funerary objects are
14,691 glass beads, 16 copper collar bands, 77 pieces of cloth, 91
leather fragments, 71 iron bands, 2 copper gorgets, 1 iron hoe, 1 bag
of wood, 23 plant seeds, 4 pieces of charcoal, 2 vessel fragments, and
6 metal fragments. The four burials were identified as historic Creek
on the basis of European trade goods and glass beads found in
association with the remains, which date the burials to the years
between 1600 and 1890. Due to its proximity to the trading post and the
similarity of the types of objects found with the burials at the two
sites, it is reasonable to conclude that the burials from the Ocmulgee
Bottoms Salvage site date to the 1685-1717 period.
    Residents of the Creek town of Ocmulgee moved to the Chatahoochee
River after 1717. Historical documentation reflects a great deal of
movement and reorganization among the Creeks and the Creek Confederacy
during the 18th and 19th centuries. Ten present-day Indian tribes are
thought to include Creek descendants, including Alabama-Coushatta
Tribes of Texas; Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Coushatta
Tribe of Louisiana; Kialegee Tribal Town of the Creek Indian Nation,
Oklahoma; Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Muscogee (Creek)
Nation of Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; Seminole
Nation of Oklahoma; Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress,
Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations; and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town
of the Creek Nation, Oklahoma.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, the superintendent of
Ocmulgee National Monument has determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR
10.2(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical
remains of 12 individuals of Native American ancestry. The
superintendent of Ocmulgee National Monument also has determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2(d)(2), the 31,153 objects listed above are
reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human
remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or
ceremony. Lastly, the superintendent of Ocmulgee National Monument has
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2(e), there is a relationship of
shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native
American human remains and funerary objects and the Alabama-Coushatta
Tribes of Texas; Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Coushatta
Tribe of Louisiana; Kialegee Tribal Town of the Creek Indian Nation,
Oklahoma; Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Muscogee (Creek)
Nation of Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; Seminole
Nation of Oklahoma; Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress,
Brighton,

[[Page 32843]]

Hollywood & Tampa Reservations; and Thlopthlocco Tribal Town of the
Creek Nation, Oklahoma. This notice has been sent to officials of the
Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; Alabama-Coushatta Tribes
of Texas; Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma; Catawba Indian
Nation; Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma; Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma; Choctaw
Nation of Oklahoma; Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana; Eastern Band of
Cherokee Indians of North Carolina; Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma;
Jena Band of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana; Kialegee Tribal Town of the
Creek Indian Nation, Oklahoma; Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida;
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi; Muscogee (Creek)
Nation of Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama; Seminole
Nation of Oklahoma; Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big Cypress,
Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations; Shawnee Tribe; Thlopthlocco
Tribal Town of the Creek Nation, Oklahoma; and United Keetoowah Band of
Cherokee Indians of Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian tribe
that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these human
remains and associated funerary objects should contact Jim David,
Superintendent, Ocmulgee National Monument, 1207 Emery Highway, Macon,
GA 31217, telephone (478) 752-8257, before July 18, 2001. Repatriation
of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Alabama-
Coushatta Tribes of Texas; Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Oklahoma;
Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana; Kialegee Tribal Town of the Creek Indian
Nation, Oklahoma; Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida; Muscogee
(Creek) Nation of Oklahoma; Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama;
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma; Seminole Tribe of Florida, Dania, Big
Cypress, Brighton, Hollywood & Tampa Reservations; and Thlopthlocco
Tribal Town of the Creek Nation, Oklahoma may begin after that date if
no additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: May 7, 2001.
Frank P. McManamon,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-15310 Filed 6-15-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
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