[Federal Register: February 20, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 34)]
[Notices]
[Page 10909-10910]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr20fe01-92]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the Peabody Museum
of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology
and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology professional staff in consultation
with representatives of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma; the Jena Band
of Choctaw Indians, Louisiana; and the Mississippi Band of Choctaw
Indians, Mississippi.
    Between 1844-1866, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from near Mobile, Mobile County, AL, by Dr. Josiah C. Nott.
In 1916, these human remains were gifted to the Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnology by the Boston Society of Natural History as
part of the White collection. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    Museum documentation identifies this individual as a ``Choctaw
youth.'' The attribution of such a specific cultural affiliation to the
human remains indicates that the interment postdates sustained contact
between indigenous groups and Europeans beginning in the 17th century.
The human remains were recovered from an area commonly considered to be
traditional Choctaw territory. Oral traditions and historic evidence
support the cultural affiliation to the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, and
the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, Mississippi. The Jena Band of
Choctaw Indians, Louisiana, does not consider Alabama to be part of
their traditional territory.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the
physical remains of one individual of Native American ancestry.
Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship
of shared group identity

[[Page 10910]]

that can be reasonably traced between these Native American human
remains and the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, and the Mississippi Band of
Choctaw Indians.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Choctaw Nation of
Oklahoma, and the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians. Representatives
of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally
affiliated with these human remains should contact Barbara Isaac,
Repatriation Coordinator, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology,
Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone
(617) 495-2254, before March 20, 2001. Repatriation of the human
remains to the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, and the Mississippi Band of
Choctaw Indians may begin after that date if no additional claimants
come forward.

    Dated: January 30, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-4079 Filed 2-16-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
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