[Federal Register: January 26, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 18)]
[Notices]
[Page 7938-7939]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr26ja01-71]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the Nebraska State
Historical Society, Lincoln, NE

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9, of
the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated funerary
objects in the possession of the Nebraska State Historical Society,
Lincoln, NE.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2(c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains and associated funerary
objects was made by Nebraska State Historical Society professional
staff in consultation with representatives of the Omaha Tribe of
Nebraska.
    Prior to 1908, human remains representing one individual,
consisting of a skull and mandible, were donated to the Nebraska State
Historical Society by U.S. Marshall J. H. Thrasher of Plattsmouth, NE.
No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Museum documentation that describes the human remains as ``skull
and lower jaw of an Indian (Omaha) killed with a club in 1860''
indicates that the human remains are Native American and culturally
affiliated with the Omaha Tribe.
    In 1968, a burial ossuary was discovered at Site 25TS12 during road
construction in Thurston County, NE. Human remains representing a
minimum of five individuals were recovered from the site by Nebraska
State Historical Society archeologist Gayle Carlson. With the exception
of one bone fragment, the human remains were repatriated to the Omaha
Tribe

[[Page 7939]]

that year. The bone fragment represents one individual and is in the
possession of the Nebraska State Historical Society. No known
individual was identified. The 21 associated funerary objects are white
quartzite debitage, red ochre fragments, a shell bead, unmodified fresh
water mussel shell fragments, and a polished fresh water mussel shell
fragment.
    The manner of interment, material culture, and the site location
indicate that the human remains are Native American and culturally
affiliated with the Omaha Tribe.
    In 1970, human remains representing a minimum of two individuals
were recovered from Site 25AP32, Antelope County, NE. Nebraska State
Historical Society staff archaeologist Gayle Carlson collected material
recovered by a private individual who had notified the historical
society of the site; Mr. Carlson also excavated material at the edge of
earlier digging at Site 25AP32 by the owner. No known individuals were
identified. The 13 associated funerary objects are a French long arm
escutcheon, a bison rib wrench, sandstone shaft smoothers, a flake of
chalcedony, a small grooved hammer, silt stone, a blue glass bead, and
a chert flake.
    Cranial measurements, material culture, and site location indicate
that these human remains are Native American and culturally affiliated
with the Omaha Tribe. The remains of one individual include
approximately 80 bone fragments. The remains of the second individual
include approximately 50 bone fragments and a skull fragment. The two
remains represent an individual male aged 40-49 years at death and a
child aged 3.5-5 years at death.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Nebraska
State Historical Society have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical remains
of four individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the
Nebraska State Historical Society also have determined that, pursuant
to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the 34 objects listed above are reasonably
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at
the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony.
Lastly, officials of the Nebraska State Historical Society have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship
of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between these
Native American human remains and associated funerary objects and the
Omaha Tribe of Nebraska.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Omaha Tribe of
Nebraska. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes
itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains should
contact Rob Bozell, Associate Director, Nebraska State Historical
Society, 1500 R Street, P.O. Box 82554, Lincoln, NE 68501-2554,
telephone (402) 471-4789, before February 26, 2001. Repatriation of the
human remains and associated funerary objects to the Omaha Tribe of
Nebraska may begin after that date if no additional claimants come
forward.

    Dated: January 19, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-2320 Filed 1-25-01; 8:45 am]
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