[Federal Register: January 26, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 18)]
[Notices]
[Page 7939-7940]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr26ja01-72]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the Nebraska State
Historical Society, Lincoln, NE

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the Nebraska State Historical
Society, Lincoln, NE.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2(c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains and associated funerary
objects was made by Nebraska State Historical Society professional
staff in consultation with representatives of the Ponca Tribe of
Nebraska and the Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma.
    In 1956, human remains representing one individual recovered from
site 25PT30 in Platte County, NE, were donated to the Nebraska State
Historical Society by a private individual. No known individual was
identified. The 17 associated funerary objects are 1 stone scraper, 10
limestone fragments, and 6 animal bones.
    From cranial measurements, the Nebraska State Historical Society
has determined that the individual is Native American and is culturally
affiliated with the Ponca. Historical records indicate that the Ponca
hunted in the region and occasionally lived among the Pawnee, whose
homeland includes Platte County. The specific attribution of this
individual as Ponca and not Pawnee is based on statistical analysis of
cranial measurements compared with known populations of both tribes.
    In 1961, human remains representing one individual were uncovered
during road construction in Knox County, NE. The remains from site
25KX13 were recovered by Nebraska State Historical Society archeologist
James Marshall and were transferred to the Nebraska State Historical
Society. No known individual was identified. No funerary objects are
present.
    Oral history indicates that the individual is Native American and
is culturally affiliated with the Ponca.
    The remains from this site were reported to the Nebraska State
Historical Society by Ponca Chief Lea Peniska, who identified the
remains as that of a Ponca person. This portion of Knox County is
historically the territory of the Ponca. Members of the Ponca tribes
have indicated to the staff of the Nebraska State Historical Society
that Mr. Peniska was very knowledgeable with regard to Ponca traditions
and burial locations.
    Between 1963 and 1980, human remains representing one individual
were recovered by the University of South Dakota from previously looted
graves on a ridge called the Niobara Bridge, site 25KX207, in Knox
County, NE, and were transferred to the Nebraska State Historical
Society in 1989. The Nebraska State Historical Society also collected
material from the surface of the same site in 1980. No known individual
was identified. The 247 associated funerary objects are modified and
unmodified shell and animal bone, ceramic sherds, glass beads, stone
tools, metal tools and ornaments, chipped stone debris, ground stone
tools, natural stone, ocher, and wood.
    Archeological evidence and historical documentation indicates that
the individual is Native American and is culturally affiliated with the
Ponca. Based on the quantity of Euro-American trade goods, the site is
dated to the post-contact period, and is located in the heart of
territory inhabited exclusively

[[Page 7940]]

by the Ponca from the 1700's to the 1870's.
    In 1987, a private individual found human remains representing one
individual, a female of approximately 50 years of age, eroding from the
bank of Clear Creek, Butler County, NE. The remains were transferred to
the Nebraska State Historical Society by the officials of the Butler
County Extension Office and the Butler County Sheriff's Office. No
known individual was identified. The two associated funerary objects
include a mussel shell and a fragmented metal kettle or pail.
    Cranial measurements indicate that the individual is Native
American and is culturally affiliated with the Ponca. The site is near
the Pawnee Linwood site and the Ponca are known to have lived here with
the Pawnee in the 19th century. The specific attribution of this
individual as Ponca and not Pawnee is based on statistical analysis of
cranial measurements compared with known populations of both tribes.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Nebraska
State Historical Society have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical remains
of four individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the
Nebraska State Historical Society also have determined that, pursuant
to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the 266 objects listed above are reasonably
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at
the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony.
Lastly, officials of the Nebraska State Historical Society have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship
of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between these
Native American human remains and associated funerary objects and the
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska and the Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Ponca Tribe of
Nebraska and the Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma. Representatives of
any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated
with these human remains should contact Rob Bozell, Associate Director,
Nebraska State Historical Society, 1500 R Street, P.O. Box 82554,
Lincoln, NE 68501-2554, telephone (402) 471-4789, before February 26,
2001. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects
to the Ponca Tribe of Nebraska and the Ponca Tribe of Indians of
Oklahoma may begin after that date if no additional claimants come
forward.

    Dated: January 19, 2001.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 01-2321 Filed 1-25-01; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
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