[Federal Register: October 2, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 191)]
[Notices]
[Page 58796-58803]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr02oc00-124]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects in the Possession of the University of
Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the University of Nebraska-
Lincoln, Lincoln, NE.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains and associated funerary
objects was made by University of Nebraska-Lincoln professional staff
in consultation with representatives of the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe
of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota; the Iowa Tribe of
Oklahoma; the Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in
Kansas; the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South
Dakota; the Omaha Tribe of Nebraska; the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma; the
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; the Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; the
Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota;
the Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee Reservation of Nebraska; the
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska; the Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota;
and the North Dakota Intertribal Reinterment Committee representing the
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South Dakota; the Spirit Lake
Tribe, North Dakota; the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold
Reservation, North Dakota; and the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa
Indians of North Dakota.
    In 1955, human remains representing one individual were recovered
from the Sheep Mountain site (25BN1), Banner County, NE during a
University of Nebraska field school directed by E.M. Davis. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on archeological evidence, this individual has been
identified as Native American from the Archaic period.
    In 1977, human remains representing one individual from site 25BO8,
Boone County, NE was acquired under unknown circumstances from
person(s) unknown. No known individual was identified. The one
associated funerary object is a soil sample with red ochre.
    Based on dental morphology and wear, the condition of the human
remains, and the presence of red ochre, this individual has been
identified as Native American from the Archaic period.
    In 1973, human remains representing nine individuals were excavated
from an ossuary (probably 25BO12) located north of Cedar Rapids, Boone
County, NE by Steve Holen and John O'Shea. In 1976, these human remains
were transferred to the University of Nebraska State Museum from the
University of Nebraska Department of Anthropology. No known individuals
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    The condition of these human remains resembles those from known
Archaic, Woodland, or Central Plains Tradition sites, however, these
human remains are too fragmentary to assign temporal or cultural
affiliation.
    In 1937, human remains representing one individual were recovered
from a sand pit at the Hemmingford fossil quarries in Box Butte County,
NE by a Works Progress Administration worker. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the recovery location and copper staining of the human
remains, this individual has been determined to be Native American from
the historic period.
    During the 1970's, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from site 25BF179, Buffalo County, NE by members of the
University of Nebraska Department of Anthropology. No known individual
was identified. The one associated funerary object present is an antler
fragment.
    In the 1960's, this individual was originally disturbed by county
residents and re-interred in a metal can. The original burial was said
to have been in a sitting position. An additional associated funerary
object, a bannerstone believed to be mid-Archaic, was retained by
Bus' Curd of Amherst, NE.
    Based on the reported manner of interment, associated funerary
objects, and highly mineralized condition of the human remains, this
individual has been identified as Native American from the Archaic
period.
    In 1958, human remains representing seven individuals were
excavated from site 25BF229, 2.5-3 miles southeast of Gibbon, Buffalo
County, NE by T. Witty and P. Holder. No known individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, these individuals have
been identified as Native American, dating to the Woodland period.
    In 1913, human remains representing one individual were lent to the
University of Nebraska State Museum by A.A. McReynolds of Nehawka, NE.
These remains are presumed to have been recovered from the vicinity of
Nehawka, Cass County, NE. These human remains now are considered part
of the permanent collection. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on dental morphology and the condition of the human remains,
this individual has been identified as Native American dating to the
Woodland or Central Plains Tradition period.
    In 1965, human remains representing one individual were catalogued
into the collections of the University of Nebraska State Museum. The
associated

[[Page 58797]]

designation is 25CC0 ``A15965,'' indicating derivation from Cass
County, NE. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    No documentation exists for these human remains, but they are
presumed to have been recovered from Cass County, NE. Based on dental
morphology and the condition of the human remains, this individual has
been identified as Native American dating to the Archaic to Woodland
period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing two individuals were
removed from the Sterns site (25CC28) in Cass County, NE by person(s)
unknown. Remains of one of the individuals are highly mineralized and
probably date from an earlier period than the other individual. No
known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Between 1914-1968, the Sterns site (also known as the Walker-
Gilmore site) was investigated numerous times. Based on material
culture and the preservation of the human remains, these individuals
have been identified as Native American from a multiple site with Late
Woodland (Sterns Creek) and Nebraska Phase components.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing three individuals
were recovered from the Swallow Hill site (25CC47), Cass County, NE by
R. Cuming. No known individuals were identified. The one associated
funerary object is a split-rib awl.
    Based on dental wear, the associated funerary object, and red ochre
staining on the human remains, these individuals have been identified
as Native American, dating to the Woodland period or earlier.
    In 1951 and 1959, human remains representing eight individuals were
recovered from the Ashland Burial Mound (Ossuary) site, Cass County, NE
by R. Wood or Dr. Hathaway of the Anthropology Lab at the University of
Nebraska-Lincoln. No known individuals were identified. A minimum of
124 associated funerary objects includes a minimum of 15 shell bead
fragments, 1 fragmented shell pendant, a minimum of 8 pieces of
unmodified shell, and a minimum of 100 wood fragments.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, the manner of
interment (bundle burials), and the east-west burial orientation, these
individuals have been identified as Native American from the pre-
contact period, probably Woodland.
    In 1941, human remains representing five individuals were recovered
from the Ferber site (25CD10), Cedar County, NE during Works Progress
Administration excavations conducted by A.C. Spaulding under the
direction of J. Champe. No known individuals were identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, these individuals have
been identified as Native American dating to the Great Oasis/Late
Woodland period.
    In 1941, human remains representing two individuals were recovered
from the Fort site, 25CD11, in Cedar County, NE during excavations
conducted under the supervision of A. C. Spaulding and John Champe of
the University of Nebraska. No known individuals were identified. A
minimum of 152 associated funerary objects includes a minimum of 149
glass beads, 1 shell bead, and 1 cup and 1 mirror broken into a minimum
of 12 fragments.
    Based on the associated funerary objects and red staining on the
human remains, these individuals have been identified as Native
American from the historic period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from site 25CD12, Cedar County, NE by members of the
Department of Anthropology at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. No
known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains and material culture at
site 25CD12, this individual has been identified as Native American
dating to the Great Oasis/Late Woodland period.
    In 1958, human remains representing seven individuals were
excavated from the Burney site (25CD21), Cedar County, NE during a
University of Nebraska field school under the direction of Franklin
Fenenga. No known individuals were identified. The 27 associated
funerary objects are beads made from bone and shell, and pieces of
worked and unworked shell.
    Based on ceramics, the Burney site has been identified as a multi-
component site with both Woodland and Central Plains Tradition
occupations. Based on archeological evidence, including ceramics and
the condition of the human remains, these individuals have been
identified as Native American dating to the Loeske Creek or Sterns
Creek foci of the Woodland period and the Central Plains Tradition
period.
    In 1958, human remains representing one individual were recovered
from the Elliot site (25CD22), Cedar County, NE by the University of
Nebraska-Lincoln Field School. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, this individual has
been identified as Native American, most likely dating to the Woodland
period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual from
Chase County, NE were sent to the University of Nebraska State Museum
by Sheriff Clifton Morrison of Imperial, NE. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on dental wear and morphology, this individual has been
identified as Native American.
    In 1973, human remains representing one individual were donated to
the University of Nebraska by James Lutter of Valentine, NE. These
human remains are believed to have come from Cherry County, NE. No
known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on osteological features and the condition of the human
remains, this individual has been identified as Native American.
    In 1949, human remains representing one individual were excavated
by Morris Skinner and his father from a ``blowout'' on a ranch
belonging to Henry Voss in southern Cherry County, NE. No known
individual was identified. The three associated funerary objects
include one leather knife sheath with associated metal and leather
fragments, a piece of glass, and a red paint stone.
    Based on the associated funerary objects, this individual has been
determined to be Native American from the historic period.
    In 1962, human remains representing one individual were collected
from a wet gravel pit near West Point, Cuming County, NE by the Central
Gravel Company and donated to the University of Nebraska. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    At the time of acquisition, this individual was identified as
Native American by museum staff. Based on osteololgical evidence and
the wet gravel pit location of these human remains, this individual has
been identified as Native American from an unknown period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
found in a box with material from the gravel pits in Cuming County, NE.
No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, this individual has
been identified as Native American. The remains are highly mineralized,

[[Page 58798]]

indicating either great antiquity or possibly the effects of burial in
gravel. The remains are from an unknown period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
collected from the Wisner sand pit, Cuming County, NE by unknown
person(s) and donated to the University of Nebraska. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on osteological evidence and the sand pit settling location
where these human remains were recovered, this individual has been
identified as Native American from an unknown period.
    During the 1940's, human remains representing two individuals were
recovered from the Schmidt gravel pit, west of West Point, Cuming
County, NE by unknown person(s) and donated to the University of
Nebraska. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Based on osteological evidence and the condition of the human
remains, these individuals have been determined to be Native American
from an unknown period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing four individuals
were collected from a wet gravel pit (25CM2) near West Point, Cuming
County, NE by unknown person(s) and donated to the University of
Nebraska. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Based on osteological evidence, these individuals have been
identified as Native American from an unknown period. One individual
has been suggested to date to the Paleoindian or Early Archaic periods.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing two individuals were
dug out of a hilltop near Cornstock, Custer County, NE by unknown
parties and donated to the University of Nebraska. No known individuals
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on osteological evidence, these individuals have been
identified as Native American from an unknown period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
found behind a schoolhouse in Dakota County, NE by person(s) unknown.
No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on geographic location and the condition of the human
remains, this individual has been identified as Native American dating
to the Archaic or Woodland period.
    In 1926, human remains representing four individuals from the
vicinity of Homer, Dakota County, NE were donated to the University of
Nebraska State Museum by H. Green. No known individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains and skeletal evidence,
these individuals have been identified as Native Americans from the
pre-contact period.
    In 1939, human remains representing 35 individuals were recovered
from the Ryan site (25DK2A), Dakota County, NE during Works Progress
Administration excavations. No known individuals were identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on material culture and the condition of the human remains,
site 25DK2A has been identified as a Woodland burial mound. Based on
material culture, skeletal morphology and the condition of the human
remains, these individuals have been identified as Native American from
the Woodland period.
    In 1939, human remains representing one individual were excavated
from a mound at the Ryan site (25DK2B), Dakota County, NE during a
Works Project Administration project. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    The Ryan site consists of a series of three mounds with multi-
component features. Based on the good condition of these human remains,
this individual has been identified as Native American from the late
pre-contact or historic periods.
    In 1941, human remains representing one individual were collected
by S. Bartos, Jr. following their disturbance by the Nebraska State
Highway Department in Dakota County, NE from site 25DK16. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on skeletal morphology, this individual has been identified
as Native American from an unknown period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual from
site 25DK17 were acquired by the University of Nebraska State Museum
under unknown circumstances. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    This individual has been identified as Native American from an
unknown period.
    In 1938 and 1959, human remains representing 35 individuals were
recovered from the Brewer site (25DX3), Dixon County, NE. The 1938
excavations were by S. Bartos, Jr. and S. Wimberley during Works
Progress Administration Project #4842 under the direction of Earl H.
Bell; the 1959 excavations were conducted by Messrs. Champe and Kenagy.
No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects
are present.
    Based on material culture and the condition of the human remains,
these individuals have been identified as Native American dating to the
Woodland period.
    In 1938, human remains representing 105 individuals were excavated
by S. Bartos, Jr. from the farm of A. E. Enders (25DX4), Dixon County,
NE during Works Progress Administration Project #4148 conducted under
the direction of Earl H. Bell. No known individuals were identified.
The three associated funerary objects are bone beads.
    Based on the associated funerary objects and reported manner of
interments, these individuals have been identified as Native American
dating to the Woodland period.
    In 1950, human remains representing one individual were collected
from a gravel pit (25DD101) in Dodge County, NE by members of the
Division of Vertebrate Paleontology, University of Nebraska State
Museum. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Based on the circumstances of discovery of the human remains during
paleontological excavations and the geologic location from which the
human remains were recovered, this individual has been identified as
Native American from an unknown period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from Scribner Air Base in Dodge County, NE. The remains were
donated to the University of Nebraska State Museum by Robert E. Lucas.
No known individual was identified. The one associated funerary object
is a copper ring.
    Based on the associated funerary object, this individual has been
determined to be Native American from the historic period.
    In 1895, human remains representing one individual from Omaha,
Douglas County, NE were donated to the University of Nebraska State
Museum by the City of Omaha, NE. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    These human remains were boxed together in the museum collection
with remains collected from the ``Loess Man'' site 25DO26 excavated by
R.F. Gilder in 1906. This individual is likely to be from an earlier
collection by Mr. Gilder. This individual has been identified as Native
American from an unknown period.

[[Page 58799]]

    In 1906, human remains representing 15 individuals were excavated
from Long's Hill, north of Florence, Douglas County, NE by R.F. Gilder,
who described the site as a burial mound. No known individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on archeological evidence and the condition of the human
remains, these individuals have been identified as Native American from
the Woodland period.
    In 1908, human remains representing one individual were donated to
the University of Nebraska State Museum by person(s) unknown following
the discovery of these human remains under a porch at 1318 Colonial
Avenue, Omaha, Douglas County, NE. No known individual was identified.
No associated funerary objects are present.
    Given the circumstances of discovery in 1908 and the condition of
the remains, this individual has been identified as Native American
from the historic period.
    In 1917, human remains representing four individuals were removed
from site 25DO8, known as the ``Indian burial ground'' at Cabannes
Trading Post in Douglas County, NE during excavations by R.F. Gilder.
No known individuals were identified. The one associated funerary
object is a tin cup.
    Based on the associated funerary object, copper staining, and the
preservation of the human remains, these individuals have been
identified as Native American from the historic period.
    In 1905, human remains representing eight individuals were
excavated at the Fort Lisa site (25DO9001), Douglas County, NE by R.F.
Gilder. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Based on the skeletal morphology and the condition of the human
remains, these individuals have been identified as Native American
possibly from the Woodland or Central Plains Tradition periods.
    In 1930, human remains representing one individual were recovered
southeast of Ohiowa, Fillmore County, NE by Harry Theobald and Miles
Hurley who donated these human remains to the University of Nebraska
State Museum. The remains were transferred to the University of
Nebraska State Museum by J.C. Steele and Dr. Hartford of Ohiowa. No
known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, the individual has
been identified as Native American possibly from the Woodland period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from the Dill site (25FR10), near Oak Grove, Franklin County,
NE by person(s) unknown. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains and reported presence
of Woodland ceramics at the Dill site, this individual has been
identified as Native American dating to the Woodland period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from Frontier County, NE from ``25FT Burial 1'' by person(s)
unknown under unknown circumstances. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, this individual has
been identified as Native American from the historic period.
    In 1942, human remains representing one individual were recovered
from the Dunn Ossuary (25FT2) in Frontier County, NE by A.T. Hill in an
excavation for the Nebraska State Historical Society. No known
individual was identified. The seven associated funerary objects are
three shell beads and four shell fragments.
    Based on material culture, the Nebraska State Historical Society
attributes this site to the Woodland period. This individual has been
identified as Native American from the Woodland period.
    In 1955, human remains representing 16 individuals were recovered
from the Flodine site (25FN11), Fumas County, NE during excavations
conducted under the supervision of E. Mott Davis and F. Fenenga of the
University of Nebraska Department of Anthropology. No known individuals
were identified. A minimum of 1,942 associated funerary objects
includes a minimum of 169 disc-shaped beads, 4 worked fragments from
freshwater clam shells, a minimum of 1,768 beads made from cut sections
of mammal bones and rodent incisors, and a triangular shell pendant
broken into 3 fragments.
    Based on associated funerary objects and the condition of the human
remains, these individuals have been identified as Native American
dating to the Woodland period.
    Prior to 1960, human remains representing five individuals were
turned over to the University of Nebraska from the County Attorney's
Office in Grand Island, Hall County, NE. No known individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    The individuals have been identified as Native American from an
unknown period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered under unknown circumstances by person(s) unknown from Harlan
County, NE. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, the individual has
been identified as Native American from the pre-contact period.
    In 1930, human remains representing two individuals were recovered
from Marshall Ossuary (25HN1) west of the Graham Site (25HN5) in Harlan
County, NE by W. Wedel in an excavation under the direction of W. D.
Strong for the Nebraska State Archaeological Survey. No known
individuals were identified. The 41 associated funerary objects include
39 freshwater shell beads, shell fragments, 1 piece of burnt antler,
and 1 stone tool.
    Based on material culture and the condition of the human remains,
these individuals have been identified as Native American from the
Woodland period.
    In 1950, human remains representing three individuals were
recovered from the Sappa Creek Site (25HN17) in Harlan County, NE by J.
and D. Gunnerson and J. Champe. No known individuals were identified.
No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the derivation of the human remains from a known Native
American archeological site and the condition of the human remains,
these individuals have been identified as Native American from an
unknown period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from the north shore of Harlan County Reservoir (25HN46) near
Republican City, Harlan County, NE by Sandy Frazier. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, this individual has
been determined to be Native American from an unknown period. In 1978,
archeological investigations described site 25HN46 as a pit burial,
including evidence of bark lining, charcoal, and yellow ochre
fragments, that is not present in University of Nebraska-Lincoln
collections. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains and on the manner of
interment (pit burial), this individual has been determined to be
Native American from an unknown period.

[[Page 58800]]

    In 1936, human remains representing one individual were pumped out
of a gravel pit at McCook, Hitchcock County, NE and donated to the
University of Nebraska State Museum by W.B. Hall, Stratton, NE. No
known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on osteological evidence and on circumstances of the
recovery, this individual has been identified as Native American from
an unknown period.
    In 1950, human remains representing five individuals were collected
from the Massacre Canyon site (25HK13), Hitchcock County, NE by M.
Kivett. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Based on Nebraska State Historical Society records and the
condition of the human remains, these individuals have been identified
as Native American dating to the Middle Woodland period.
    In 1938, human remains representing 22 individuals were excavated
by P. Newell and S. Bartos from the Eagle Creek site (25HT1), Holt
County, NE during Works Project Administration Project #4841. No known
individuals were identified. The six associated funerary objects are
chipped and ground stone tools.
    Based on material culture at the Eagle Creek site and manner of
interments, these individuals have been identified as Native American
dating to the Woodland period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from the Mallory Dam site (25HT9), Holt County, NE by F.
Hood. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Based on a ceramic sherd at the site and the condition of the human
remains, this individual has been identified as Native American dating
to the Woodland period
    In 1947, human remains representing two individuals were recovered
near Mullen, Hooker County, NE and donated to the University of
Nebraska State Museum by Ioa Campbell. No known individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, these individuals have
been identified as Native American. One individual may be from the
historic period; the other individual is from an unknown period.
    In 1962, human remains representing one individual believed to be
from either Omaha Beach at Lake McConaughy or the ``Foundation'' site
(location unknown) were excavated by ``McEvoy,'' a student in the
University of Nebraska Department of Anthropology. No known individual
was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the circumstances of recovery, this individual has been
identified as Native American from an unknown period.
    In 1931, human remains representing one individual from a site
southeast of Verdigre, Knox County, NE were donated to the University
of Nebraska State Museum by Vac Randa following the disturbance of this
burial during plowing by Frank Haylick. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on skeletal morphology and dental wear patterns, this
individual has been identified as a mixed-blood Native American/
Caucasian from the historic period. According to the documentation for
this individual, the remains were found enclosed in a box in a sitting
position. It is not known whether the burial dates from the post-
reservation period.
    In 1937, human remains representing 31 individuals were excavated
from the Davis site (35KX6), Knox County, NE during Works Project
Administration Work Project #3140 conducted under the direction of P.
Newell of the Nebraska Archaeological Survey. No known individuals were
identified. The minimum of 54 associated funerary objects are shell
beads, bead fragments, and worked shell fragments.
    Based on reported material culture, manner of interments, and the
condition of the human remains, these individuals have been identified
as Native American dating to the Woodland period.
    In 1937, human remains representing two individuals were excavated
from the Larson Mounds site (25KX8), Knox County, NE during Works
Project Administration Project #165-81-8095, Work Project #3140,
conducted under the direction of P. Newell of the Nebraska
Archaeological Survey. No known individuals were identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains and heavy dental wear
patterns, these individuals have been identified as Native American
dating to the Woodland period.
    In 1937, human remains representing 15 individuals were excavated
from the Niobara School site (25KX12), Knox County, NE by E. Bell for
the Nebraska State Archaeological Survey. No known individuals were
identified. The 58 associated funerary objects include 44 bone beads,
13 shell beads, and 1 bone artifact.
    Based on associated funerary objects and the condition of the human
remains, these individuals have been determined to be Native American
from the Woodland or Central Plains Tradition periods.
    In 1910, human remains representing one individual were donated to
the University of Nebraska State Museum by ``Guthrie.'' No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Donor information states these human remains were recovered ``2-1/2
hours north of Havelock.'' Havelock since has been incorporated by the
City of Lincoln, NE. The recovery location was probably in northern
Lancaster County or southern Saunders County, NE. Based on the
condition of the remains, this individual has been identified as Native
American from an unknown period.
    In 1907, human remains representing two individuals were donated to
the University of Nebraska State Museum by J.R.C. Miller of Lincoln,
NE. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Donor information states these human remains were recovered ``from
near the B&M [railroad] cut through hill, and at the point of the
divide, in Denton precinct in SE 1/4, Sec.T.9, R.5E'' in Lancaster
County, NE. Based on the condition of the human remains, these
individuals have been identified as Native American from the pre-
contact period.
    In 1935, human remains representing two individuals were sent to
the University of Nebraska State Museum by H.E. Weakly, agronomist at
the University of Nebraska. Documentation for these remains suggests
that they were recovered from a gravel pit near North Platte, Lincoln
County, NE. No known individuals were identified. No associated
funerary objects are present.
    Based on good preservation, copper staining, and osteological
evidence of horseback riding, these individuals have been determined to
be Native American from the historic period.
    In 1935, human remains representing six individuals were donated to
the University of Nebraska State Museum by H.E. Weakly, agronomist,
University of Nebraska. The remains are believed to have been found in
a gravel pit, probably near North Platte, Lincoln County, NE. No known
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on osteological evidence and circumstances of recovery, these
individuals have been determined to be Native American from an unknown
period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from the Brady site (25LN0), Lincoln County, NE by Robert
Parsons of Brady, NE. No known individual was

[[Page 58801]]

identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the geological strata of the burial and the condition of
the human remains, this individual has been identified as Native
American from the Paleo-Indian period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from the Norfolk Gravel Pit in Madison County, NE and donated
to the University of Nebraska State Museum by Frank Medelman. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on skeletal morphology, this individual has been identified
as Native American from an unknown period.
    In 1983, human remains representing one individual were recovered
from the Medelman gravel pit (25MD101), Norfolk County, NE and donated
to the University of Nebraska State Museum by S. Holen. No known
individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on skeletal morphology, this individual has been identified
as Native American from an unknown period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing two individuals were
recovered during road grading from an undesignated site 100 feet from
25MO62, a surface site south of Alliance, Morrill County, NE by T.C.
Middleswart. In 1994, these human remains were donated to the
University of Nebraska-Lincoln by Mrs. Gwen Rusch, daughter of Mr.
Middleswart. No known individuals were identified. The 20 associated
funerary objects are 15 dentalia shells, 1 bone gaming piece, and 4
fragments of copper bracelets.
    Based on dental morphology, associated funerary objects, and good
preservation, these individuals have been identified as Native American
from the historic period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
donated to the University of Nebraska State Museum by person(s)
unknown. The tag with the remains has the designation ``MO10'' which
may indicate derivation from Morrill County, NE. No known individuals
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on osteological evidence and skeletal morphology, this
individual has been identified as Native American from an unknown
period.
    In 1926, human remains representing one individual were donated to
the University of Nebraska State Museum by A.T. Lobdell of McCook, NE.
No known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    These human remains are believed to have come from Red Willow
County, NE. Based on osteological evidence, this individual has been
identified as Native American from an unknown period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from a wet gravel pit (25Rw102) in Red Willow County, NE
during excavations conducted by the University of Nebraska State Museum
Vertebrate Paleontology Division. No known individual was identified.
No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on location and the condition of the human remains, this
individual has been identified as Native American from an unknown
period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from a wet gravel pit (25Rw108) in Red Willow County, NE
during excavations conducted by the University of Nebraska State Museum
Vertebrate Paleontology Division. No known individual was identified.
No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on location and the condition of the human remains, this
individual has been identified as Native American.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from a wet gravel pit (25Rw109) in Red Willow County, NE
during excavations conducted by the University of Nebraska State Museum
Vertebrate Paleontology Division. No known individual was identified.
No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on location and the condition of the human remains, this
individual has been identified as Native American from an unknown
period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing two individuals were
found 1.5 miles north of Rulo, NE and secured by the University of
Nebraska State Museum from C. Edwards through Robert F. Gilder. Remains
of six other individuals and a 15th century gold coin are known to have
been found 7.5 feet below the surface of this site at a later date, but
none of these are in the University collection. No known individuals
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on material culture reported from the same site, these
individuals have been identified as Native American from an unknown
period.
    In 1960, human remains representing two individuals were recovered
from the Leary site (25RH1), Richardson County, NE during excavations
conducted by the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. No known individuals
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on archeological evidence, the Leary site has been identified
as a primary Oneota occupation with a later Central Plains Tradition
component. Based on the condition of the human remains, these
individuals have been identified as Native American.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered from site 25RH20, Richardson County, NE by person(s) unknown
under unknown circumstances. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on material culture and the condition of the human remains,
this individual has been identified as Native American from an unknown
period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
removed during excavation for a courthouse from the Wahoo Creek burial
ground on lots 1 and 2 during the original survey of the City of Wahoo,
Saunders County, NE. In 1917, these human remains were donated to the
University of Nebraska State Museum by Judge Newman through C. Petrus
Peterson. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    While the Wahoo Creek burial ground has been identified as an
historic Omaha cemetery, it cannot be determined whether the individual
dates from the historic period. The individual has been identified as
Native American from an unknown period.
    During the late 1950's, human remains representing one individual
from a cemetery west of Morse Bluffs, Saunders County, NE were donated
to the University of Nebraska Museum by Adolph Havelka and Victor
Pabien, who recovered these human remains while preparing a grave at
the site. No known individual was identified. No associated funerary
objects are present.
    Based on skeletal and dental morphology and the preservation of the
human remains, this individual has been identified as a mixed-blood
Native American/Caucasian from the historic period.
    In 1936, human remains representing four individuals were excavated
from site 25SD10, Saunders County, NE by W. Wedel. No known individuals
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the condition of these human remains, these individuals
have been identified as Native American, possibly of great antiquity.
    During 1931-1932, human remains representing three individuals were
recovered from the Signal Butte site (25SF1), southeast of Scottsbluff
in Scotts Bluff County, NE, possibly by C.

[[Page 58802]]

B. Schultz, who collected at the site following excavations conducted
by the Smithsonian Institution. No known individuals were identified.
No associated funerary objects have been identified in University of
Nebraska State Museum collections.
    Based on archeological evidence, the Signal Butte site has been
identified as a multi-component occupation from the Archaic, Woodland,
and Central Plains Tradition periods. Based on the condition of these
human remains, these individuals have been identified as Native
American, possibly from the Central Plains Tradition component.
    In 1946, human remains representing 46 individuals were recovered
from the Gering site (25SF10), Scotts Bluff County, NE during
excavations conducted by M.F. Kivett for the Nebraska State
Archaeological Survey. No known individuals were identified. A minimum
of 134 associated funerary objects includes 102 bone beads, 17 chipped
stone tools, 6 pieces of worked bone, 9 boatstones and groundstone
artifacts.
    Based on the associated funerary objects, manner of interments, and
the condition of the human remains, these individuals have been
identified as Native American dating to the Woodland period,
approximately A.D. 600-800.
    In 1936 and 1938, human remains representing two individuals were
recovered from Stanton or Indian Creek Village site 25ST1 in Stanton
County, NE. The recovery of one individual was by person(s) unknown.
The other individual was recovered in 1938 was during an excavation
under the direction of H. Angelino for the Works Project
Administration. No known individuals were identified. No associated
funerary objects are present.
    Based on material culture, this is a mixed site that included
Central Plains Tradition, Oneota, and Omaha cultural traditions. These
individuals have been identified as Native American from an unknown
period.
    In 1938, human remains representing two individuals were recovered
during construction of a basement in Stanton County, NE. No known
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on the preservation of the human remains that suggests great
antiquity, and the absence of any indication of a marked grave, these
individuals have been identified as Native American from an unknown
period.
    In 1907, human remains representing 11 individuals were recovered
from a hilltop site on the Hovendick farm, 2 miles south of Blair,
Washington County, NE during excavations conducted by R.F. Gilder. No
known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, these individuals have
been identified as Native American. Based on dental evidence, the
individuals are possibly from the pre-contact period.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing one individual were
recovered in western Washington County, NE (25WN31) by Alan Wite. No
known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, this individual is
identified as Native American possibly from the pre-contact period.
    In 1947, human remains representing one individual were found ``on
the banks of the Republican River near Guide Rock, Webster County,'' NE
and were donated to the University of Nebraska State Museum by the
Webster County Attorney. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    Based on the condition of the human remains, this individual is
identified as Native American possibly from the historic period.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the
University of Nebraska have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical remains
of 491 individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the
University of Nebraska also have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR
10.2 (d)(2), the minimum of 2,896 objects listed above are reasonably
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at
the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony.
Lastly, officials of the University of Nebraska have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared group
identity on the basis of oral history and aboriginal homelands that can
be reasonably traced between these Native American human remains and
associated funerary objects from Nebraska and the Cheyenne River Sioux
Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota; the Iowa Tribe
of Oklahoma; the Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation
in Kansas; the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South
Dakota; the Omaha Tribe of Nebraska; the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma; the
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; the Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; the
Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota;
the Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee Reservation of Nebraska; the
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska; the Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota;
and the North Dakota Intertribal Reinterment Committee representing the
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South Dakota; the Spirit Lake
Tribe, North Dakota; the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold
Reservation, North Dakota; and the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa
Indians of North Dakota. This notice has been sent to officials of the
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the
Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota; the Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma;
the Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas;
the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota; the
Omaha Tribe of Nebraska; the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma; the Ponca Tribe
of Nebraska; the Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma; the Rosebud Sioux
Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota; the Santee Sioux
Tribe of the Santee Reservation of Nebraska; the Winnebago Tribe of
Nebraska; the Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota; the North Dakota
Intertribal Reinterment Committee; the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of
North and South Dakota; the Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota; the Three
Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota; and
the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North Dakota.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be
culturally affiliated with these human remains and associated funerary
objects should contact Dr. Priscilla Grew, NAGPRA Coordinator,
University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 301 Bessey Hall, Lincoln, NE 68588-
0381, telephone (402) 472-7854, before November 1, 2000. Repatriation
of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Cheyenne
River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation, South Dakota; the
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma; the Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo
Reservation in Kansas; the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge
Reservation, South Dakota; the Omaha Tribe of Nebraska; the Pawnee
Nation of Oklahoma; the Ponca Tribe of Nebraska; the Ponca Tribe of
Indians of Oklahoma; the Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian
Reservation, South Dakota; the Santee Sioux Tribe of the Santee
Reservation of Nebraska; the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska; the Yankton
Sioux Tribe of South Dakota; and the North Dakota Intertribal
Reinterment Committee representing the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of
North and South Dakota; the Spirit Lake Tribe, North

[[Page 58803]]

Dakota; the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation,
North Dakota; and the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians of North
Dakota may begin after that date if no additional claimants come
forward.

    Dated: September 19, 2000.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 00-25126 Filed 9-29-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F
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