[Federal Register: September 12, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 177)]
[Notices]
[Page 55045-55046]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr12se00-101]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects from Polk County, IA, in the Possession
of the Office of the State Archaeologist, University of Iowa, Iowa
City, IA and the State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines, IA

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects in the possession of the Office of State
Archaeologist, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, and an inventory of
human remains and associated funerary objects in the possession of the
State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines, IA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Office
of the State Archaeologist, University of Iowa, professional staff and
the State Historical Society of Iowa professional staff in consultation
with representatives of the Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in
Iowa, Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska, and the
Sac and Fox Nation of Oklahoma. A detailed assessment of the funerary
objects was made by the State Historical Society of Iowa professional
staff in consultation with representatives of the Sac and Fox Tribe of
the Mississippi in Iowa, Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and
Nebraska, and the Sac and Fox Nation of Oklahoma.
    In 1904, human remains representing two individuals were excavated
by staff of the Iowa Historical Department, now the State Historical
Society of Iowa, from site 13PK54 located near the Chesterfield School
in Des Moines, Polk County, IA. One set of human remains consists of a
single cranium and the other set of human remains is a lock of hair. In
the early 1980's, the skeletal remains were transferred to the Office
of the State Archaeologist, University of Iowa, and the hair is in the
State Historical Society of Iowa collections. No known individuals were
identified.
    The 3,081 associated funerary objects in the possession of the
State Historical Society of Iowa include 200 tubular shell beads, 900
red-brown glass seed beads, 90 large clear faceted glass beads, 42 pink
glass seed beads, 4 red glass seed beads, 1,100 white glass seed beads,
16 large blue faceted glass beads, 41 blue glass seed beads, 600 gray
and white glass seed beads, 30 brass ball and cone hair ornaments, 5
brass ball and cone hair ornaments attached to human hair, 4 lacquered
paper-mache snuff box parts, 1 preserved clump of snuff or tobacco, a
fragment of bead ornament strung on copper wire, a copper wire-wrapped
ornament, 8 copper bracelets, a copper alloy brooch/blanket pin, 6 iron
cut nails, a bronze-handled and iron-bladed knife, 9 brass hawk bells,
3 brass buttons, a vial containing vermilion, a yellow ochre sample, 2
silk cloth remnants, and 14 wool cloth remnants.
    Site 13PK54, located near the Chesterfield School in Des Moines,
was a village and cemetery. The burials at this site were first found
by A.A. Bennett, who unearthed 14 graves during sand quarrying
operations. Mr. Bennett notified T. Van Hyning, of the Iowa Historical
Museum, who proceeded to identify and excavate nine additional graves.
The available documentation of the excavations is limited to an
extensive interview of Mr. Van Hyning published in the Des Moines
Register and Leader on March 26, 1905. Mr. Van Hyning collected three
human skulls and a variety of associated funerary objects including
glass beads, a bronze-handled iron-bladed knife, brass and copper
ornaments, textile remnants, iron cut nails, and two paper-mache snuff
boxes. While the newspaper and the 1905 annual report of the Iowa
Historical Department mention three skulls, only one was accessioned
into the museum collection. Only one was located in the early 1980's
when the museum was analyzing human remains prior to transfer to the
Office of the State Archaeologist for reburial under the state's burial
protection act of 1976. It is not known what happened to the other two
skulls.
    Research into this site and collection was initiated in 1983. The
associated funerary objects conclusively indicate an historic period
burial. The style of the cut iron nails would date to the 1790's, at
the earliest, and is consistent with types made circa 1805-1850. The

[[Page 55046]]

Sac and Fox Indian Agency, known as the Raccoon River Indian Agency,
was located in the vicinity of this site from 1843-1845. Kathryn E.M.
Gourley, in a 1985 report entitled ``The Raccoon River Indian Agency:
Predicted Site Locations,'' concluded that site 13PK54 was ``within or
near the village tentatively assigned to Wishecomaque.'' The
identification of this site is based on historical documents, including
military records, Indian agents' reports, local records, and original
land survey reports. The types of objects are within the range of
materials carried by traders authorized to provide goods to the Sac and
Fox (Meskwaki) during this period. Based on the historical record,
geographic location, and archeological evidence, it is reasonable to
conclude that these remains and associated funerary objects are
associated with the Sac and Fox (Meskwaki).
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Office
of the State Archaeologist, University of Iowa, have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above
represent the physical remains of two individuals of Native American
ancestry. Officials of the State Historical Society of Iowa also have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the 3,081 objects
listed above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the
death rite or ceremony. Also, officials of the Office of the State
Archaeologist, University of Iowa, and the State Historical Society of
Iowa have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a
relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced
between these Native American human remains and associated funerary
objects and the Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa, Sac and
Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska, and the Sac and Fox
Nation of Oklahoma.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Sac and Fox Tribe of
the Mississippi in Iowa, Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and
Nebraska, and the Sac and Fox Nation of Oklahoma. Representatives of
any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated
with these human remains and associated funerary objects should contact
Shirley Schermer, Burials Program Director, Office of the State
Archaeologist, Eastlawn, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242,
telephone (319) 384-0732, or Jerome Thompson, State Historical Society
of Iowa, New Historical Building, 600 East Locust, Des Moines, IA
50319-0290, telephone (515) 281-4221, before October 12, 2000.
Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects to
the Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa, Sac and Fox Nation of
Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska, and the Sac and Fox Nation of Oklahoma
may begin after that date if no additional claimants come forward.

    Dated: August 23, 2000.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships
[FR Doc. 00-23383 Filed 9-11-00 ; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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