[Federal Register: August 15, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 158)]
[Notices]
[Page 49833-49835]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr15au00-73]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and an Associated Funerary Object from Rhode Island in the Possession
of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University,
Cambridge, MA

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary object from Rhode Island in the possession of the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
    This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's
administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 43 CFR 10.2 (c). The
determinations within this notice are the sole responsibility of the
museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of these Native
American human remains and associated funerary objects. The National
Park Service is not responsible for the determinations within this
notice.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology professional staff in consultation
with representatives of the Narragansett Indian Tribe of Rhode Island;
the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, representing the Wampanoag
Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah), the Mashpee Wampanoag Indian tribe (a
non-Federally recognized Indian group), and the Assonet Band of the
Wampanoag Nation (a non-Federally recognized Indian group); and a non-
Federally recognized Indian group, the Nipmuc Nation.
    In 1878, human remains representing two individuals were donated to
the Peabody Museum by Dr. S. Kneeland, as part of a large collection.
No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects
are present.
    Museum documentation indicates that these human remains came from
Cumberland, RI. Based on cranial morphology, one individual has been
determined to be Native American, and the other has been determined to
be of Native American and European ancestry. Osteological examination
of the cranial remains of these individuals has revealed cut marks of a
sharp metal blade, probably a result of scalping. Based on this
evidence, these individuals are estimated to date to the contact period
or later (post-A.D. 1524). Historical and ethnographic information
indicates that the area of Rhode Island west of Narragansett Bay,
including the Cumberland area, is the aboriginal and historic homeland
of the Narragansett Indian Tribe of Rhode Island.
    In 1963, human remains representing two individuals were donated to
the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology by the Robert S.
Peabody Foundation, Andover, MA. No known individuals were identified.
No associated funerary objects are present.
    Museum documentation indicates that these human remains were
collected from Conanicut Island, Jamestown, RI by Ferdinand Amburst.
Conanicut Island is a well-known historic center of the Narragansett
Indian Tribe of Rhode Island, and hundreds of Native American burials
from the contact period or later (post-A.D. 1524) have been identified
on the island. Additionally, the manner of interment of Archaic period
burials from Conanicut Island is cremation. Based on the historical
context of Conanicut Island and the non-cremated state of these human
remains, it is likely these individuals date to the contact period or
later (post-A.D. 1524).
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10.2(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the
physical remains of four individuals of Native American ancestry.
Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship
of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between these
Native American human remains and the Narragansett Indian Tribe of
Rhode Island.
    In 1869, human remains representing one individual were donated to
the Peabody Museum by Henry Brown. No known individual was identified.
The one associated funerary object is a string of wampum and glass
beads.
    Museum documentation describes these human remains as having come
from the Stone Bridge burial place in Tiverton, RI. Based on the glass
beads, this burial is estimated to date to the contact period (A.D.
1524-1680). Oral tradition and historic documentation indicate that
Tiverton, RI is within the aboriginal and historic homeland of the
Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, representing the Wampanoag Tribe
of Gay Head (Aquinnah), the Mashpee

[[Page 49834]]

Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-Federally recognized Indian group), and
the Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-Federally recognized
Indian group).
    In 1869, human remains representing three individuals were donated
to the Peabody Museum by Andre Robeson. No known individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    During a Peabody Museum expedition to Anaquaket Neck, Tiverton, RI,
these human remains were collected by Jefferies Wyman. Based on the
type of copper staining and osteological examination, these individuals
have been identified as Native American and are estimated to date to
the contact period or later (post-A.D. 1524). Tiverton, RI is within
the aboriginal and historic homeland of the Wampanoag Repatriation
Confederation, representing the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah),
the Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-Federally recognized Indian
group), and the Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-Federally
recognized Indian group).
    In 1946, human remains representing one individual were donated to
the Peabody Museum by R.P. Bullen of Andover, MA, and Mr. and Mrs.
Malcolm Beattie of Tiverton, RI. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    Museum documentation indicates that these human remains were
recovered from Beattie Point, Tiverton, RI. A letter from the donor
describes this individual as having been ``buried in a casket and
wrapped in shawls pinned with copper (or brass) pins...estimated date
of burial 1750 +/-.'' Osteological examination indicated this
individual to be of Native American and African American ancestry.
Tiverton, RI is within the aboriginal and historic homeland of the
Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, representing the Wampanoag Tribe
of Gay Head (Aquinnah), the Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-
Federally recognized Indian group), and the Assonet Band of the
Wampanoag Nation (a non-Federally recognized Indian group).
    In 1959, human remains representing one individual were placed on
permanent loan to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology from
the Warren Anatomical Museum, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA. No
known individual was identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Museum documentation indicates that these human remains came from
Tiverton, RI. The type of copper staining present indicates that this
individual dates to the contact period or later (post-A.D. 1524). Based
on osteological examination, this individual has been identified as
Native American. Tiverton, RI is within the aboriginal and historic
homeland of the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, representing the
Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah), the Mashpee Wampanoag Indian
Tribe (a non-Federally recognized Indian group), and the Assonet Band
of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-Federally recognized Indian group).
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the
physical remains of six individuals of Native American ancestry.
Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the one object listed
above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the
death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the Peabody Museum of
Archaeology and Ethnlology have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR
10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be
reasonably traced between these Native American human remains and
associated funerary objects and the Wampanoag Repatriation
Confederation, representing the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah),
the Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-Federally recognized Indian
group), and the Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-Federally
recognized Indian group).
    In 1942, human remains representing six individuals were received
by the Peabody Museum through an exchange with Mt. Pleasant High
School, Providence, RI. No known individuals were identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    Museum documentation indicates that these human remains are from
Rhode Island, and were donated to Mt. Pleasant High School by Brown
University. No further information is available. Based on the type of
copper stains present on the human remains, these individuals have been
identified as Native American dating to the contact period or later
(post-A.D. 1524). Oral tradition, historical, and ethnographic
information indicates that the present-day State of Rhode Island
comprised the historic homeland of the Narragansett Indian Tribe of
Rhode Island west of Narragansett Bay; the historic homeland of the
Nipmuc Nation (a non-Federally recognized Indian group) in northwestern
Rhode Island; and the historic homeland of the Wampanoag Repatriation
Confederation, representing the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah),
the Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribe (a non-Federally recognized Indian
group), and the Assonet Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-Federally
recognized Indian group) east of Narragansett Bay.
    Based on the above-mentioned information, officials of the Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology have determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the
physical remains of six individuals of Native American ancestry.
Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also have
determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship
of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between these
Native American human remains and the Narragansett Indian Tribe of
Rhode Island; the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, representing
the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah), the Mashpee Wampanoag
Indian Tribe (a non-Federally recognized Indian group), and the Assonet
Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-Federally recognized Indian group);
and a non-Federally recognized Indian group, the Nipmuc Nation. This
notice has been sent to officials of the Narragansett Indian Tribe of
Rhode Island; the Wampanoag Repatriation Confederation, representing
the Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah), the Mashpee Wampanoag
Indian Tribe (a non-Federally recognized Indian group), and the Assonet
Band of the Wampanoag Nation (a non-Federally recognized Indian group);
and a non-Federally recognized Indian group, the Nipmuc Nation.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be
culturally affiliated with these human remains and associated funerary
object should contact Barbara Isaac, Repatriation Coordinator, Peabody
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity
Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone (617) 495-2254, before September
14, 2000. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary
object to the respective culturally affiliated tribes may begin after
that date if no additional claimants come forward.

[[Page 49835]]

    Dated: August 3, 2000.
John Robbins,
Assistant Director, Cultural Resources Stewardship and Partnerships.
[FR Doc. 00-20700 Filed 8-14-00 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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