[Federal Register: February 10, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 28)]
[Notices]
[Page 6622-6623]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr10fe00-89]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
From Rockbridge County, VA in the Possession of the Virginia Department
of Historic Resources, Richmond, VA

AGENCY:  National Park Service.

ACTION:  Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains from Rockbridge
County, VA in the possession of the Virginia Department of Historic
Resources, Richmond, VA.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Virginia
Department of Historic Resources professional staff in consultation
with representatives of the Chickahominy, the Eastern Chickahominy, the
Mattaponi, the Monacan Indian Nation, the Nansemond, the Pamunkey, the
United Rappahannock, the Upper Mattaponi, all non-Federally recognized
Indian groups which are formally recognized by the Commonwealth of
Virginia.
    In 1901, human remains representing a minimum of 105 individuals
were excavated from the Hayes Creek Mound, Rockbridge County, VA by
Edward P. Valentine, an amateur archeologist with the Valentine Museum,
Richmond, VA. In 1989, these human remains were donated to the Virginia
Department of Historic Resources by the Valentine Museum. No known
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on material culture and archeological evidence, the Hayes
Creek Mound site has been identified as a Late Woodland (c. 900-1600
A.D.) occupation. Based on the material culture and condition of the
human remains, these individuals have been identified as Native
American. Archeological and ethnohistoric research indicates the
Monacan and Mannahoac were loosely confederated with each other and
linked to the earlier mound-building peoples in the Virginia piedmont
and eastern mountain regions generally known as the Lewis Creek Mound
Culture. Consultation evidence presented by the present-day Monacan
indicates a direct lineal connection with the Monacan and related
tribes occupying Rockbridge County in the early 17th century. Based on
continuities of mound construction and site arrangement, there appears
to be a shared ideology and cultural continuity which underlayed and
defined not only the Monacan east of the Blue Ridge, but also includes
related groups on the immediate west side of the Blue Ridge.
    On October 29, 1999, the Virginia Department of Historic Resources
requested a finding from the NAGPRA Review Committee concerning the
Monacan Indian Nation's request for repatriation for these 105
individuals listed as ``culturally unidentifiable'' on the Department's
NAGPRA inventory. At its November 18-20, 1999 meeting, the NAGPRA
Review Committee recommended that the Department proceed with
repatriation of these Native American human remains to the Monacan
Indian Nation following publication of this Notice of Inventory
Completion in the Federal Register.
    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the Virginia
Department of Historic Resources have determined that, pursuant to 43
CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical
remains of a minimum of 105 individuals of Native American ancestry.
Officials of the Virginia Department of Historic Resources have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), no relationship of
shared group identity can be reasonably traced between these Native
American human remains and a Federally recognized Indian tribe.
However, officials of the Virginia Department of Historic Resources
have determined that a relationship of shared group identity can be
reasonably traced between these Native American human remains and the
Monacan Indian

[[Page 6623]]

Nation, a non-Federally recognized Indian group.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Chickahominy, the
Eastern Chickahominy, the Mattaponi, the Monacan Indian Nation, the
Nansemond, the Pamunkey, the United Rappahannock, the Upper Mattaponi.
Representatives of any other Federally recognized Indian tribe or other
valid claimant under NAGPRA that believes itself to be culturally
affiliated with these human remains should contact M. Catherine
Slusser, State Archaeologist, Department of Historic Resources, 2801
Kensington Ave., Richmond, VA 23221; telephone: (804) 367-2323, before
March 13, 2000. Repatriation of the human remains to the Monacan Indian
Nation may begin after that date if no Federally recognized Indian
tribes or other valid claimant under NAGPRA makes a claim.
    The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations
within this notice.

    Dated: January 19, 2000.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 00-3054 Filed 2-9-00; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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