[Federal Register: November 9, 1999 (Volume 64, Number 216)]
[Notices]
[Page 61121-61122]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr09no99-89]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects From Rock Island County, IL in the
Possession of the Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois at
Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects from Rock Island County, IL in the possession of the
Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
(UIUC), Urbana, IL.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by UIUC
Department of Anthropology professional staff in consultation with
representatives of the Sac and Fox Nation, Oklahoma; the Sac and Fox
Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa; and the Sac and Fox Nation of
Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska.
    In 1959 and 1960, human remains representing 32 individuals were
recovered from the Crawford Farm site (11-RI-81), on the south bank of
the Rock River, Rock Island County, IL during two field schools
conducted by Drs. John McGregor and Elaine Bluhm of UIUC. No known
individuals were identified. The 8,138 associated funerary objects
include beads (glass, shell, bone, amethyst), a catlinite pipe, a
catlinite beaver pendant, ceramic sherds, chert flakes, copper
bracelets, gun flints, a galena crystal, a glass mirror, head pieces,
textiles, leather, buttons, a peace medal, pigments, a flintlock
pistol, a porcelain pendant, a shell gorget, wood, lead objects such as
coils, hairpipes, musket balls, ornament and scraps; brass objects
(coils, rings, hawk bells, kettle fragments, a pipe tomahawk, tinklers,
thimbles, and tinkling cones), silver objects (bracelets, brooches,
crosses earrings, gorgets, hairpipes, jump rings, tinklers, a ring, and
spoon lockets), and iron objects (clasp knife, a cow bell, handles,
knife blades, nails, and strike-a-lights).
    During the mid-1990s, human remains representing a minimum of two
individuals from the Crawford Farm site (11-RI-81), Rock Island County,
IL were transferred to UIUC from the Illinois State Museum in order to
unite individuals from the same site for repatriation. No known
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    Based on material culture, associated funerary objects, and
historical documents, the Crawford Farm site has been identified as the
second village of Saukenuk, dating to c. 1790-1820 A.D. (the first
village known as Saukenuk existed as early as 1737, but was burnt to
the ground in 1780 by Spanish and American militias under John
Montgomery). Based on the presence and age of the associated funerary
objects, these individuals have been identified as Native American from
the Sauk village of Saukenuk. In 1832, Saukenuk was again abandoned
following the conflict known as the Black Hawk War. While members of
neighboring tribes (Ho-Chunk/Winnebago, Potawatomi, Ottawa (Odawa), and
Menominee) were known to have passed through Saukenuk, the settlement
and cemetery sites were predominantly Sauk and/or Mesquaki (Fox).

[[Page 61122]]

    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above
represent the physical remains of a minimum of 34 individuals of Native
American ancestry. Officials of the University of Illinois at Urbana-
Champaign have also determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2),
the 8,138 objects listed above are reasonably believed to have been
placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or
later as part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared group
identity which can be reasonably traced between these Native American
human remains and associated funerary objects and the Sac and Fox
Nation, Oklahoma; the Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa; and
the Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Sac and Fox Nation,
Oklahoma; the Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa; the Sac and
Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska, the Ho-Chunk Nation of
Wisconsin, the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska, the Citizen Potawatomi
Nation, Oklahoma; the Forest County Potawatomi Community of Wisconsin
Potawatomi Indians, Wisconsin; Huron Potawatomi, Inc., Michigan; the
Pokagan Band of Potawatomi Indians of Michigan; the Prairie Band of
Potawatomi Indians, Kansas; the Hannahville Indian Community of
Wisconsin Potawatomie Indians of Michigan, the Menominee Indian Tribe
of Wisconsin, the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of
Michigan, the Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians of Michigan,
and the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians of Michigan.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be
culturally affiliated with these human remains and associated funerary
objects should contact Dr. Richard P. Wheeler, Head, Department of
Anthropology, 109 Davenport Hall, 607 South Mathews Street, Urbana, IL
61801; telephone: (217) 333-3616, before December 9, 1999. Repatriation
of the human remains and associated funerary objects to the Sac and Fox
Nation, Oklahoma; the Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa; and
the Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri in Kansas and Nebraska may begin
after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
Dated: October 28, 1999.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 99-29341 Filed 11-8-99; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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