[Federal Register: September 13, 1999 (Volume 64, Number 176)]
[Notices]
[Page 49504-49505]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr13se99-108]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects from Custer County, SD in the
Possession of the South Dakota State Archaeological Research Center,
Rapid City, SD

AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects from Custer County, SD in the possession of the South
Dakota State Archaeological Research Center, Rapid City, SD.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by South Dakota
State Archaeological Research Center (SARC) professional staff in
consultation with representatives of the Three Affiliated Tribes of the
Fort Berthold Reservation and the Pawnee Indian Tribe of Oklahoma.
    Between 1935 and 1950, human remains representing three individuals
were recovered from the Phelps site (39CU206) located on the left bank
of Battle Creek, Custer County, SD by Mrs. Phelps, the private
landowner of the site. No known individuals were identified. The seven
associated funerary objects include one unidentifiable mammal rib, two
cedar fragments, one limestone bead, charcoal, one stone biface, and
one stone uniface.
    Based on the associated funerary objects and the manner of
interment, these individuals have been identified as Native American.
The associated funerary objects, manner of interment, and the remainder
of the artifact assemblage from the site, including side-notched
projectile points, freshwater shells, large bifaces, and ceramics,
indicate the burials date to the Upper Republican Aspect of the Central
Plains Tradition (1000-1500 A.D.).
    Based on continuities of material culture, architecture, skeletal
morphology, oral tradition, and historical evidence, the cultural
affiliation of the Phelps site and the individuals listed above can be
affiliated with the Arikara. In 1870, the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara
tribes were moved to the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation in North
Dakota and are now known as the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort
Berthold Reservation.

[[Page 49505]]

    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the South
Dakota State Archaeological Research Center have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above
represent the physical remains of three individuals of Native American
ancestry. Officials of the South Dakota State Archaeological Research
Center have also determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the
seven objects listed above are reasonably believed to have been placed
with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as
part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the South
Dakota State Archaeological Research Center have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared group
identity which can be reasonably traced between these Native American
human remains and associated funerary objects and the Three Affiliated
Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Three Affiliated
Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation and the Pawnee Indian Tribe of
Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes
itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains and
associated funerary objects should contact Renee Boen, Curator, State
Archaeological Center, South Dakota Historical Society, P.O. Box 1257,
Rapid City, SD 57709-1257; telephone: (605) 394-1936, before October
13, 1999. Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary
objects to the Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation
may begin after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
Dated: August 23, 1999.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 99-23770 Filed 9-10-99; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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