[Federal Register: April 27, 1998 (Volume 63, Number 80)]
[Notices]
[Page 20647-20648]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr27ap98-101]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects from Clay County, SD in the Possession
of the South Dakota State Archaeological Research Center, Rapid City,
SD

AGENCY: National Park Service.

ACTION: Notice.

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 43 CFR 10.9,
of the completion of an inventory of human remains and associated
funerary objects from Clay County, SD in the possession of the South
Dakota State Archaeological Research Center, Rapid City, SD.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by South Dakota
State Archaeological Research Center (SARC) professional staff and
contract specialists in physical anthropology and archeology in
consultation with representatives of the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and
Nebraska, Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma and the Otoe-Missouria Tribe of
Oklahoma.
    In 1987, human remains representing one individual from the
Vermillion Bluff Village (39CL1), Clay County, SD were identified in
SARC collections during inventory procedures. No known individuals were
identified. The two associated funerary objects include a lunate flint
knife and a projectile point embedded in the scapula.
    Between 1920-1930, ten individuals and funerary objects were
donated to the Dakota Museum, University of South Dakota-Vermillion
(now the W.H. Over Museum) by private property owners following their
discovery during homes construction at the Vermillion Bluff Village
site. These human remains and funerary objects were transferred to the
SARC in 1974. In 1982, six of these individuals, identified as Sioux,
were repatriated to Frank Fools Crow of the Oglala Sioux Tribe of the
Pine Ridge Reservation. In 1986, four individuals were reburied in
South Dakota by the

[[Page 20648]]

SARC. In 1987, additional remains and funerary objects from one
individual included in the 1986 reburial were found in SARC
collections.
    Based on the associated funerary objects and cranial morphology,
these human remains have been determined to be Native American. Based
on manner of interments and material culture, the Vermillion Bluff
Village has been identified as an occupation site with two
archeological components, Oneota (1000 A.D.- contact period) and
Historic (post-1800 A.D.). The cranial morphology of this individual
exhibits physical characteristics consistent with people associated
with the Oneota Aspect, such as the Ioway.
    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the South
Dakota State Archaeological Research Center have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above
represent the physical remains of one individual of Native American
ancestry. Officials of the South Dakota State Archaeological Research
Center have also determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (d)(2), the
two objects listed above are reasonably believed to have been placed
with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as
part of the death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the South
Dakota State Archaeological Research Center have determined that,
pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2 (e), there is a relationship of shared group
identity which can be reasonably traced between these Native American
human remains and associated funerary objects and the Iowa Tribe of
Kansas and Nebraska, Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma and the Otoe-Missouria
Tribe of Oklahoma.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Iowa Tribe of Kansas
and Nebraska, Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma and the Otoe-Missouria Tribe of
Oklahoma. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes
itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains and
associated funerary objects should contact Renee Boen, Curator, South
Dakota State Archaeological Reserch Center, P.O. Box 1257, Rapid City,
SD 57709-1257; telephone: (605) 394-1936, before May 27, 1998.
Repatriation of the human remains and associated funerary objects to
the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma and the
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Oklahoma may begin after that date if no
additional claimants come forward.
Dated: April 21, 1998.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 98-11104 Filed 4-24-98; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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