[Federal Register: September 18, 1997 (Volume 62, Number 181)]
[Notices]
[Page 49026-49027]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr18se97-77]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects From Nebraska in the Possession of the
Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln, NE

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C.
3003 (d), of the completion of an inventory of human remains and
associated funerary objects from Nebraska in the possession of the
Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln, NE.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Nebraska
State Historical Society professional staff in consultation with
representatives of the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, the Iowa
Tribe of Oklahoma, the Kaw Nation of Oklahoma, and the Otoe-Missouria
Tribe of Oklahoma.
    In 1936 and 1937, human remains representing a minimum of ten
individuals were recovered from site 25CC1, also known as the Ashland
site, during archeological investigations by Nebraska State Historical
Society archeologists. No known individuals were identified. The 41
associated funerary objects include ceramic sherds, a gun spring, glass
beads, stone fragments, animal bones, mussel shell, and a flint
fragment.
    The Ashland site has been identified as a historical Otoe village
based on descriptions in documents recorded by visiting French
explorers in the early 18th century, and the presence and types of
trade goods present in the burials. Although this site is complex and
has at least four different occupations represented, these individuals
are connected with the most recent occupation dating from approximately
1700-1750 A.D.
    In 1936 and 1965, human remains representing a minimum of 30
individuals were recovered from site 25RH1, also known as the Leary
site, during archeological excavations by the Nebraska State Historical
Society archeologists. No known individuals were identified. The 301
associated funerary objects include ceramic sherds, animal bones,
projectile points, stone tools, unworked stones, flint flakes, worked
flakes, an abrader, daub, scrapers, unmodified rock, fire-cracked rock,
ochre, burned earth, ``turquoise''

[[Page 49027]]

pendant; bone beads and fragments, shell beads, copper tube with wood
insets, and shell hairpipes.
    The Leary site has been identified as having multiple occupations
through the early historic period. The individuals recovered during the
1936 and 1965 excavations have been identified with the Oneota
component of this site based on location, manner of internment, and
associated funerary objects. Based on continuities of technology and
material culture, the Oneota culture has been identified as ancestral
to the present-day Otoe-Missouria, Ioway, and Kaw (Kansa) tribes.
    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the Nebraska
State Historical Society have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical remains
of 40 individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of the
Nebraska State Historical Society have also determined that, pursuant
to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A), the 342 objects listed above are reasonably
believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at
the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony.
Lastly, officials of the Nebraska State Historical Society have
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a
relationship of shared group identity which can be reasonably traced
between these Native American human remains and associated funerary
objects and the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska, the Iowa Tribe of
Oklahoma, the Kaw Nation of Oklahoma, and the Otoe-Missouria Tribe of
Oklahoma.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Iowa Tribe of Kansas
and Nebraska, the Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma, the Kaw Nation of Oklahoma,
and the Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Oklahoma. Representatives of any other
Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with
these human remains and associated funerary objects should contact Rob
Bozell, Associate Director, Nebraska State Historical Society, 1500 R
Street, P.O. Box 82554, Lincoln, NE 68501-2554; telephone: (402) 471-
4789, before October 20, 1997. Repatriation of the human remains and
associated funerary objects to the culturally affiliated tribes may
begin after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
Dated: September 10, 1997.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 97-24824 Filed 9-17-97; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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