[Federal Register: August 29, 1997 (Volume 62, Number 168)]
[Notices]
[Page 45875-45876]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr29au97-117]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

National Park Service

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
from New Mexico in the Possession of the Fort Burgwin Research Center,
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C.
3003 (d), of the completion of an inventory of human remains from New
Mexico in the possession of the Fort Burgwin Research Center, Southern
Methodist University, Dallas, TX.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Southern
Methodist University professional staff in consultation with
representatives of the Pueblo of Picuris and the Pueblo of Taos.
    In 1957, human remains representing one individual were recovered
from site TA-8 during legally authorized excavations by the Fort
Burgwin Research Center. No known individual was identified. No
associated funerary objects are present. Site TA-8 has been identified
as a pithouse occupation site likely dating to ca. 1000-1200 AD, based
on construction and material culture.
    During 1957-1959, human remains representing 42 individuals were
excavated from Pot Creek Pueblo site (TA-1, LA 260) during
archeological excavations supervised by G. Willis and R Wetherington.
No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects
are present.
    During the late 1950s through 1984, human remains representing
fifteen individuals were excavated from Pot Creek Pueblo. In 1995,
these remains were returned to Southern Methodist University from the
University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology. No known individuals
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    In 1961, human remains representing two individuals were excavated
from Pot Creek Pueblo site (TA-1, LA 260) during archeological
excavations supervised by E. Green. No known individuals were
identified. No associated funerary objects were present.
    In 1962, human remains representing 18 individuals were excavated
from site TA-47 during Southern Methodist University archeological
field school excavations supervised by E. Green. No known individuals
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Site TA-47
has been identified as a pithouse occupation site likely dating to ca.
1100-1300 AD, based on construction and material culture.
    In 1963, human remains representing one individual were recovered
from a burial washing out of an arroyo bank near Pot Creek Pueblo site
(TA-1, LA 260) and curated at the Fort Burgwin facility. No known
individual was

[[Page 45876]]

identified. No associated funerary objects are present.
    In 1965, human remains representing five individuals were excavated
from Pot Creek Pueblo site during Southern Methodist University field
school. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary
objects were present.
    In 1967, human remains representing three individuals were
excavated at Pot Creek Pueblo during Southern Methodist field school
excavations. No known individuals were identified. No associated
funerary objects are present.
    In 1967, human remains representing one individual were excavated
from site TA-26 by Stephanie Holschlag. No known individual was
identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Site TA-26 has
been identified as a small unit pueblo occupied between 1200-1300 AD
based on ceramics and cultural material recovered during excavations of
this site.
    In 1968, human remains representing two individuals were recovered
from the Sagebrush Pueblo site (TA-500) by Dr. James Sciscenti. No
known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects were
present. The Sagebrush Pueblo site (TA-500) has been identified as a
small unit pueblo occupied between 1150-1225 AD based on ceramics and
cultural material recovered during excavations of this site.
    During 1969-1976, human remains representing 60 individuals were
recovered at Pot Creek Pueblo (TA-1, LA 260) during archeological field
schools conducted by Southern Methodist University. No known
individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are
present.
    During 1979-1982, human remains representing fourteen individuals
were recovered during excavations of the Cerrita pithouse site on the
Fort Burgwin campus conducted by Dr. Anne Woosley. No known individuals
were identified. No associated funerary objects are present. Based on
cultural materials and construction, this pithouse site was probably
occupied during 1100-1200 AD.
    During 1981-1984, human remains representing 21 individuals were
recovered during field school excavations at the Pot Creek Pueblo (TA-
1, LA 260) conducted by Dr. Anne Woosley and Dr. David Meltzer of
Southern Methodist University. No known individuals were identified. No
associated funerary objects are present.
    At unknown dates, human remains representing eight individuals were
removed from precontact sites in the Taos area by Ms. Helen
Blumenschein and donated to the Fort Burgwin Research Center sometime
after 1970. No known individuals were identified. No associated
funerary objects are present. Although these individuals have poor
provenience information due to the lack of field records from the
archeological work, the appearance and apparent age of the human
remains is similar to documented precontact human remains in the Taos
area.
    At an unknown date, human remains representing three individuals
were excavated under unknown circumstances from site TA-18, a pithouse
village located in the Taos area. No known individuals were identified.
No associated funerary objects are present. TA-18 has been identified
as a pithouse village site occupied between 1100 -1200 A.D. based on
cultural material.
    Since the 1960s, human remains representing one individual were
part of the collections at the Fort Burgwin Research Center. No known
individual was identfied. No associated funerary objects are present.
Although unprovienced, this individual is known to have been recovered
during excavations in the Pot Creek area, and shows similar
characteristics to other human remains recovered in the Pot Creek area.
There are no indications that this individual could have been recovered
from any other sites.
    The human remains listed above are all from sites within the Fort
Burgwin campus or surrounding area. All were recovered prior to the
establishment of Carson National Forest. Based on oral traditions,
continuities of material culture, religious and cultural ties, and
anthropological and ethnographic documentation, Northern Tiwa-speaking
peoples, represented by the present-day Pueblo of Taos and Pueblo of
Picuris, have occupied this area since approximately 1100 A.D.
    At some time between 1961-1965, human remains representing one
individual was removed from Picuris Pueblo during excavations conducted
by Dr. Herbert Dick. No known individual was identified. No associated
funerary objects are present.
    Picuris Pueblo is a continuously occupied village site dating from
1100 AD until the present day. Continuities of technology and material
culture indicate this site has been occupied by Northern Tiwa people
for this time period.
    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of Southern
Methodist University have determined that, pursuant to 43 CFR 10.2
(d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the physical remains
of at least 195 individuals of Native American ancestry. Officials of
Southern Methodist University have determined that, pursuant to 25
U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity which
can be reasonably traced between these Native American human remains
and the Pueblo of Picuris and the Pueblo of Taos.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Pueblo of Picuris and
the Pueblo of Taos. Representatives of any other Indian tribe that
believes itself to be culturally affiliated with these human remains
should contact Dr. Michael A. Adler, Department of Anthropology,
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275; telephone: (214) 768-
2940, before September 29, 1997. Repatriation of the human remains to
the Pueblo of Picuris and the Pueblo of Taos may begin after that date
if no additional claimants come forward.
Dated: August 25, 1997.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 97-23109 Filed 8-29-97; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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