[Federal Register: March 26, 1997 (Volume 62, Number 58)]
[Notices]
[Page 14441-14442]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr26mr97_dat-109]

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Notice of Inventory Completion for Native American Human Remains
and Associated Funerary Objects From the Pine Creek, IA, in the
Possession of the Putnam Museum of History and Natural Science,
Davenport, IA

AGENCY: National Park Service

ACTION: Notice

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    Notice is hereby given in accordance with provisions of the Native
American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C.
3003 (d), of the completion of an inventory of human remains and
associated funerary objects in the possession of the Putnam Museum of
History and Natural Science, Davenport, IA.
    A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by Putnam
Museum of History and Natural Science professional staff in
consultation with representatives of the Sac and Fox Tribe of the
Mississippi in Iowa and the Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma.
    Around 1914, human remains representing one individual were
probably recovered during extensive excavations of Pine Creek Mounds,
Muscatine County, IA, by Dr. T. Michelson and members of the then
Davenport Academy of Natural Science (now the Putnam Museum). No known
individuals were identified. The 135 associated funerary objects
include one silver gorget fragment, one silver bracelet fragment marked
``Montreal'', nine silver earbobs, one unidentified iron object bound
with twisted fibers, one silver cross fragment, one knife blade or
utensil fragment, two pieces of red ochre, 115 glass beads, two
gunflints, one wood fragment, and one projectile point.
    Morphological evidence indicates this individual is Native American
based on tooth formation. Associated funerary objects are consistent
with Native burials of the early fur trade era in Eastern Iowa. The
associated funerary objects dated the burial to 1760-1825 AD, based on
the presence of European trade goods, especially the marked silver
bracelet and a polychrome oval bead. Since the late nineteenth century,
the Pine Creek Mounds (site 13MC44) have been excavated by
representatives of the now Putnam Museum of History and Natural
Science. The most recent excavations occurred in 1914, conducted by Dr.
T. Michelson of the Bureau of American Ethnology with members of the
Davenport Academy of Natural Science. Field notes from the 1914
excavations indicate that some of the mounds appeared to have intrusive
burials from the historic period. Due to the primary interest of Dr.
Michelson in the precontact burials of this site, this burial was not
specifically recorded, however, this individual and associated funerary
objects have been curated together in the Pine Creek collections of the
Putnam Museum since 1914. Historical documents and ethnographic
evidence indicates there were numerous traditional sites, hunting
camps, and village settlements of both the Ioway and the Sac and Fox in
the Pine Creek area from 1750 to the early 19th century.
    Based on the above mentioned information, officials of the Putnam
Museum of History and Natural Science have determined that, pursuant to
43 CFR 10.2 (d)(1), the human remains listed above represent the
physical remains of one individual of Native American ancestry.
Officials of the Putnam Museum of History and Natural Science have also
determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(A), the 135 objects
listed above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near
individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the
death rite or ceremony. Lastly, officials of the Putnam Museum of
History and Natural Science have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C.
3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity which can be
reasonably traced between these Native American human remains and
associated funerary objects and the Sac and Fox of the Mississippi in
Iowa, the Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri, the Sac and Fox Nation of
Oklahoma, and the Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma.
    This notice has been sent to officials of the Sac and Fox of the
Mississippi in Iowa, the Sac and Fox Nation of Missouri, the Sac and
Fox Nation of Oklahoma, and the Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma. Representatives
of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally
affiliated with these human remains and associated funerary objects
should contact Chris Lyons, NAGPRA Representative, Putnam Museum of
History and Natural Science, 1717 W. 12th St., Davenport, IA 52804;
telephone: (319) 324-1934 before April 25, 1997. Repatriation of the
human remains and associated funerary objects to the Iowa Tribe of
Oklahoma may

[[Page 14442]]

begin after that date if no additional claimants come forward.

Dated: March 17, 1997.
Francis P. McManamon,
Departmental Consulting Archeologist,
Manager, Archeology and Ethnography Program.
[FR Doc. 97-7602 Filed 3-25-97; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4310-70-F

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