Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
National Council for the Social Studies
Theme I: Culture
- Standard C-The student explains and gives examples of how language, literature, the arts, architecture, other artifacts, traditions, beliefs, values, and behaviors contribute to the development and transmission of culture.
Theme II: Time, Continuity, and Change
- Standard B-The student identifies and uses key concepts such as chronology, causality, change, conflict, and complexity to explain, analyze, and show connections among patterns of historical change and continuity.
- Standard D-The student identifies and uses processes important to reconstructing and reinterpreting the past, such as using a variety of sources, providing, validating, and weighing evidence for claims, checking credibility of sources, and searching for causality.
Theme III: People, Places, and Environments
- Standard A-The student elaborates mental maps of locales, regions, and the world that demonstrate understanding of relative location, direction, size, and shape.
- Standard G-The student describes how people create places that reflect cultural values and ideals as they build neighborhoods, parks, shopping centers, and the like.
Theme IV: Individual Development & Identity
- Standard A-The student relates personal changes to social, cultural, and historical contexts.
- Standard B-The student describes personal connections to place—associated with community, nation, and world.
- Standard C-The student describes the ways family, gender, ethnicity, nationality, and institutional affiliations contribute to personal identity.
- Standard D-The student relates such factors as physical endowment and capabilities, learning, motivation, personality, perception, and behavior to individual development.
- Standard E-The student identifies and describes ways regional, ethnic, and national cultures influence individuals’ daily lives.
- Standard F-The student identifies and describes the influence of perception, attitudes, values, and beliefs on personal identity.
Theme V: Individuals, Groups, and Institutions
- Standard E-The student identifies and describes examples of tensions between belief systems and government policies and laws.
Theme VI: Power, Authority, and Governance
- Standard C-The student analyzes and explains ideas and governmental mechanisms to meet wants and needs of citizens, regulate territory, manage conflict, and establish order and security.
- Standard D-The student describes the ways nations and organizations respond to forces of unity and diversity affecting order and security.
Theme X: Civic Ideals and Practices
- Standard F-The student identifies and explains the roles of formal and informal political actors in influencing and shaping public policy and decision-making.