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How to Use the Images

 

Inquiry Question

Historical Context

Maps

Readings

Illustrations
1 & 2

Photos 1 & 2
Photo 3

Activities

Table of
Contents




Visual Evidence

Photo 4: Carding wool. [Photo 4] with link to larger version of photo.
(National Park Service)

Wool, as it comes from the sheep, is kinky, matted, and may contain dirt and tangles if it has not been washed. Before it can be spun, it must be gently pulled apart and cleaned. Doing this is called carding. Two paddle shaped wire brushes, called cards, are used

Photo 5: Spinning wool. [Photo 5] with link to larger version of photo.
(National Park Service)

There were generally two types of spinning wheels used by the pioneers. A small wheel, sometimes called a Saxony wheel, could be used while sitting down; the wheel was moved by pressing down on a peddle with the foot. A larger wheel was often called a "walking" wheel because the person using it had to walk back and forth to keep the wheel spinning constantly.

Wool was often mixed with the fibers of the flax plant to create a type of cloth called linsey-woolsey, which lasted a long time and was used for making everyday clothes.

Questions for Photos 4 & 5

1. What are the names of the tools that are being used in the Photos 4 & 5? What purpose do they serve?

2. What is the purpose of spinning wool?

3. Where did the pioneers get the materials they used for making clothing? Where do you get your clothing today?

4. Who in the pioneer family was generally responsible for the production of clothing?

5. Which of the two types of spinning wheels is being used in Photo 5?

6. Photos 4 and 5 are pictures of some of the activities being done in the park's 1820s living history farm? Do they help you better understand what life would have been like as a pioneer? Why or why not?

* The images on this screen have a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a larger version of Photo 4 and Photo 5, but be aware that each file will take as much as 40 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.

 

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National Park Service arrowhead with link to NPS website.