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Locating the Site


Map 1: Five largest Northern Prisoner of War (POW) Camps during the Civil War by mortality rates.[Map 1] with link to larger version of map.
(National Cemetery Administration)

Map Key:
Union Prison Map/Letter Location Peak Population Confederate POW deaths
Camp Chase E Columbus, OH 9,423 2,260
Camp Douglas A Chicago, IL 12,082 4,454
Elmira C Elmira, NY 9,441 2,933
Fort Delaware D Pea Patch Island, DE 12,600 2,460
Point Lookout B Point Lookout, MD 20,000 3,584
(Library of Congress Civil War Desk Reference)

Keep in mind that peak population in the above chart means the number provided was the most prisoners at each camp at one time, not the total number of prisoners who passed through each camp during the course of the war.


Questions for Map 1

1. Which camp had the highest number of deaths? Which camp had the highest percentage of deaths?

2. Locate Camp Chase on the map and key. What was the total number of deaths at Camp Chase? How does this number compare with the other Union prisons listed in the chart?

3. Can you think of reasons why a war prison might have such a high death rate?

* The map on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a larger version of Map 1, but be aware that the file may take as much as 13 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.

 

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