5. Test Excavation at Site 25SF50 Scotts Bluff National
Griffin, Kristin L.
Archeological test excavations were conducted during June
and July of 1988 at Scotts Bluff National Monument in northwestern Nebraska.
Site 25SF50 is
located in an arroyo-cut valley at the base of the bluff. It was
discovered during a 1975 archeological survey of the Monument conducted by
the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. The report of these investigations
described the site as having a "well-defined living surface...in a context
suitable for settlement and subsistence studies" (Kay 1975:48). At the
time of its discovery, the site was rapidly eroding and its expedient
salvage was recommended. In 1987, Scotts Bluff National Monument proposed,
under Development and Study Package 127, to sponsor archeological testing.
The 1988 test excavations confirmed the presence of intact deposits,
including hearth and midden features. Analysis of chipped stone and faunal
and macrofloral remains produced evidence that a primarya activity at the
site was the processing of bison kills. Radiocarbon dates indicate the
site was used sporadically between A.D. 1022 and 1635.
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