Hopewell Culture National Historical Park 2006
Archeologists from the Midwest Archeological Center
are currently involved with a data recovery project
at Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, site 33RO1059,
which is located adjacent to the Hopewell Site, a large
Hopewell earthwork complex that is the type-site for
the Hopewell culture (100 BC-AD 400). The site is being
impacted from stream bank erosion and archeologists
are excavating a portion of the site in an effort to
prevent the loss of archeological resources and information.
Students from Nebraska, Virginia, Ohio, and Illinois,
are also participating in this project as part of University
of Nebraska’s Department of Anthropology and Geography
archeological field school.
Previous investigations at 33RO1059 included geophysical
survey, surface collection, and evaluative testing based
on results from the geophysical survey. The archeological
materials that were found led to the conclusion that
the site may have been occupied when the nearby earthwork
complex was in use and thus may contain important information
about Hopewell settlement patterns adjacent to earthworks.
The 2006 investigations are focusing on four 20-x-20-meter
block areas identified through geophysical survey as
having good potential to contain additional archeological
resources. The plow zone within each block is being
removed and the area then resurveyed using the same
geophysical technique previously applied. This strategy
is providing archeologists a unique opportunity to compare
geophysical data from the same area both with and without
the upper plow zone soils. Once the survey is completed,
any exposed features will be excavated. The project
will conclude July 14, 2006.