Ulysses S. Grant
Before the Presidency
Unlike most of the Presidents before
him who were born in log cabins, Hiram
Ulysses Grant was born in a small frame
cottage along the banks of the Ohio
River on April 27, 1822. The cottage
was located in a valley of Point Pleasant
in Ohio. Grant's father, Jesse, was
a leather tanner, and his mother was
named Hannah Simpson Grant.
reluctantly attended West Point, the
U.S. Military Academy and his military
career began as a cadet from July 1,
1839, to July 1, 1843. He graduated
in the middle of his class and even
though he had no intention of continuing
his military career, he was promoted
to Bvt. Second Lieutenant in the 4th
in the Army, Lieutenant Grant participated
in the military occupation of Texas
from 1845 to 1846. The next year, he
fought in the U.S.-Mexican War under
the direction of General Zachary Taylor.
This was the U.S.'s first foreign war,
and it started when Mexico objected
to the Republic of Texas becoming a
the war, he moved his family to various
military posts in the east. In 1852,
he was sent to the West Coast. He had
to leave his beloved wife, Julia, at
home because she was expecting the couple's
second child. This was an especially
sad time for Grant. Because communication
channels were poor, six months passed
before he learned he had another son.
He tried again and again to raise enough
money to bring his family west, but
each attempt failed. After two years
without leave, and with an overwhelming
desire to be with his wife and children,
Grant resigned his commission as captain
and returned home.
After leaving the service, Grant became
a farmer in St. Louis, Missouri. Next,
he tried his hand as a real estate agent.
He then moved to be closer to his parents,
who lived in Galena, Illinois. There,
he went to work in his father's leather
store. This is where he was working
when the Civil War erupted and his military
skills were again needed.
Governor of Illinois appointed Grant
to command an unruly volunteer regiment.
The reluctant leader whipped his unskilled
soldiers into shape. By September 1861,
he rose to the rank of brigadier general
more about U.S. Grant:
Before the Presidency
The Hero of the
Grant: A Misunderstood
A Loving Family
Life After the
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