General Grant's Headquarters

How important are supply systems to the success of an army?

Review this fact and photo sheet to assist you in supplying the Union soldiers in the field and defeating the Confederate soldiers at Petersburg.

Cold Harbor, Va., June 11, 1864
MAJOR-Gen. B.F. Butler
Commanding Department of Va. and N.C.

The movement to transfer this army to the south side of the James River will commence after dark tomorrow night...I wish you would direct the proper staff officers, your chief engineer and your chief quartermaster, to commence at once the collection of all the means in their reach for crossing the army on its arrival. If there is a point below City Point where a pontoon bridge can be thrown, have it laid...Expecting the arrival of the 18th corps by Monday night, if you deem it practicable from the force you have to seize and hold Petersburg, you may prepare to start, on the arrival of troops to hold your present lines...

U.S. Grant,

September 10th

They are building a railroad from City Point, up to our headquarters, and expect to have cars running tomorrow night. Think of it! A railroad built, bridges and all, fourteen miles, in a week! Pretty quick work! It is getting very cold, here, nights and mornings, and as our headquarters are at an old Tavern (the "Globe") without doors, any doorways, or sashes to any windows; besides a large numbers of holes through, from cannon shots, it is far from pleasant...

Robert Tilney
Fifth Army Corps
Army of the Potomac / 1862 - 1865

The siege goes bravely on. The two armies keep digging away under each other's guns. The hardships to be endured are very great, but all now have schooled themselves down so that they are met as a matter of course...
Our military railroad must not be forgotten. It runs along the rear of our camps to City Point, where we get all of our supplies. The train, as it thunders along, is in plain sight of the rebels, and once in a while they waste some ammunition by firing at it, but they never hit anything to do any harm...

Color Sergeant, D.G. Crotty
Third Michigan Volunteer Infantry

Facts about City Point:

While you were keeping supplies from getting to the Confederate Army by capturing their railroads, as a Union soldier you could possibly get warm bread on the front lines of Petersburg.

On an average day during the siege of Petersburg, the Union Army had stored in and around City Point 9,000,000 meals of food and 12,000 tons of hay and oats.

The total food stored at City Point for horses, mules, and soldiers was enough food to last the army for about 30 days. The total meals stored here amounted to 11-1/2 million meals a day.

The bakery located on the grounds of City Point produced over 100,000 loaves of bread each day.

One soldier spoke of how he received warm bread on the front lines of Petersburg, because of the railroad traveling from City Point to Petersburg.