Building A Log Cabin
The foundation of this log cabin is made
of stone pillars. The stones provide a sturdy
base to support the cabin and act as a barrier
between the cabin and the earth. The stones
may settle over time and the foundation
is carefully examined for damage or wear
and subsequently repaired during restoration.
The walls are made of logs, placed either
vertically or horizontally, depending on
the style and size of the cabin.
logs are notched at the corners to allow
them to fit together. Corner notching is
a notable characteristic of log cabin construction
because it provides stability by locking
the log ends in place, enabling the logs
to fit together in a secure manner.
different methods of corner notching exist,
ranging from simple "saddle" notching to
the common "V" notching or "steeple" notching,
which get their name from the shape of the
notch cut into the wood. These notching
methods are marked by a cut into the wood
that allows another cut piece of wood to
fit together like a puzzle piece. Another
commonly used technique, "square" notching,
differs in that the logs are secured with
the addition of pegs or spikes.
number of logs used per wall varies with
the size of the cabin. The spaces between
logs are usually filled with a combination
of materials in a process known as "chinking"
and "daubing." This process seals the exterior
walls, protecting them from weather and
Log cabin roofs are often gabled and are
comprised of hand-split, wood shingles.
The roofs often develop damage and leaks
over the years and are commonly included
Many log cabins have both a front and rear
door. Due to the many times the doors are
opened and closed over the years, the doors
are often not in good working order and
require repair during restoration. Both
doors on this cabin are comprised of boards
that are hand-dressed, open inward and are
fastened to the log structure with pegs.
This cabin features two windows, located
on either side of the chimney. The windows
hold glass panes, which were replaced during
the restoration of this cabin.
This cabin has a chimney that sank and deteriorated
into many different pieces over the years.
The chimney was rebuilt during cabin restoration.
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