American Defenders of Land, Sea & Sky
A Young Nation Divided
   The Civil War (1861-1865)

The Pension Building
We built a national memorial.

The Pension Building
Washington, D.C.

   The Pension Building was designed and built by Army Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Meigs between 1882 and 1887. It served both as a home for the U.S. Pension Bureau and a memorial to Americans who fought in the Civil War between 1861 and 1865. Bohemian born sculptor, Casper Buberl, constructed a three-foot tall, 1200-foot long decorative panel (called a "frieze") around the building. General Meigs had infantry, cavalry, artillery, and navy units--dressed in full uniform--model for the parade of figures portrayed in the frieze.

  During construction, metal cases containing Civil War documents, such as battlefield maps and Official Records of the War of Rebellion, were built into the huge interior columns as a time capsule to keep them safe. Today, the Pension Building is home to the National Building Museum.


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