Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report
National Park Service

TABLE 1

Profile of the Principal Civil War Battlefields

                                                            
                    THEATERS
Main      Lower     Main      Trans-    Pacif- 
Eastern   Seabd     Western   Miss      ic         TOTAL
=============================================================
GENERAL:
Principal campaigns & operations
 34       17         39      26         1       114
Principal battlefields                            
160       30        118      75         1       384
States with battlefields
  6        4         14      10         1       265
Battlefields in MSA's3
 67       22         38      24         0       151
______________________________________________________________

                    THEATERS
Main      Lower     Main      Trans-    Pacif- 
Eastern   Seabd     Western   Miss      ic         TOTAL
=============================================================

MILITARY SIGNIFICANCE: 
Class A (decisive impact on campaign and course of war)                        
 21       3        16         5         0        45
Class B (direct influence on course of campaign)
 51       8        31        14         0       104
Class C (observable influence on course of campaign)
 52       7        42        26         1       128
Class D (achieved important local objectives)
 36      12        29        30         0       107
______________________________________________________________

                    THEATERS
Main      Lower     Main      Trans-    Pacif- 
Eastern   Seabd     Western   Miss      ic         TOTAL
=============================================================
DESIGNATIONS and PROTECTION: 
National Historic Landmarks (note 4)
 12       3        10         1         0        26
National Register of Historic Places4
 25      10        32        17         0        84
Battlefields all or part in National Park system
 34       9        12         3         0        58
Battlefields partly in state park systems
  8       3        11        15         0        37
______________________________________________________________

                  THEATERS
Main      Lower     Main      Trans-    Pacif- 
Eastern   Seabd     Western   Miss      ic         TOTAL
=============================================================
OWNERSHIP: 
Public
  8        1        5         2         0        16
Private
 85      10        40        29         0       164
Mixed
 59      19        69        39         1       187
Unknown                                      
  8       0         4         5         0        17
______________________________________________________________

                    THEATERS
Main      Lower     Main      Trans-    Pacif- 
Eastern   Seabd     Western   Miss      ic         TOTAL
=============================================================
CONDITION: 
Good
 62       7        39        20         1       129
Fair
 43       9        24        30         0       106
Poor
 28       6        21         9         0        64
Lost
 21       8        30        12         0        71
Unknown
  6       0         4          4        0        14
______________________________________________________________

                    THEATERS
Main      Lower     Main      Trans-    Pacif- 
Eastern   Seabd     Western   Miss      ic         TOTAL
=============================================================
THREATS: 
High
 38       3        27         6         0        74
Moderate
 34       6        30        17         0        87
Low
 60      13        27        35         1       136
Not Applicable or Unknown
 28       8        34        17         0        87
______________________________________________________________

                    THEATERS
Main      Lower     Main      Trans-    Pacif- 
Eastern   Seabd     Western   Miss      ic         TOTAL
=============================================================
PRESERVATION RISKS -- CLASS A BATTLEFIELDS:6 
Good/Fair Condition & High/Moderate Threats
 11       1         7         1         0        20
Good/Fair Condition & Low Threats
  6       1         3         3         0        13
Poor Condition & High/Moderate Threats
  3       0         3         0         0         6
Poor Condition & Low Threats
  0       1         0         0         0         1
Lost
  1       0         3         1         0         5
______________________________________________________________

               THEATERS   
Main      Lower     Main      Trans-    Pacif- 
Eastern   Seabd     Western   Miss      ic         TOTAL
=============================================================
PRESERVATION RISKS, CLASS B BATTLEFIELDS: (note 6)
Good/Fair Condition & High/Moderate Threats
 15       1         10        4         0        30
Good/Fair Condition & Low Threats
 17       4          7        6         0        34
Poor Condition & High/Moderate Threats
 12       2          2        2         0        18
Poor Condition & Low Threats
  0       0          0        0         0         0
Lost
  7       1         11        1         0        20
______________________________________________________________

                    THEATERS
Main      Lower     Main      Trans-    Pacif- 
Eastern   Seabd     Western   Miss      ic         TOTAL
=============================================================
PRESERVATION RISKS, CLASS C BATTLEFIELDS:
Good/Fair Condition & High/Moderate Threats
 14       1          14       6         0        35
  Good/Fair Condition & Low Threats
 20       4          12      13         1        50
Poor Condition & High/Moderate Threats
  8       2           8       1         0        19
Poor Condition & Low Threats
  0       0           0       0         0         0
Lost
  6       0          7        4         0        17
______________________________________________________________

                    THEATERS
Main      Lower     Main      Trans-    Pacif- 
Eastern   Seabd     Western   Miss      ic         TOTAL
=============================================================
PRESERVATION RISKS, CLASS D BATTLEFIELDS:
Good/Fair Condition & High/Moderate Threats
  7       2          6        4         0        19
Good/Fair Condition & Low Threats
 14       2         4        12         0        32
Poor Condition & High/Moderate Threats
  2       0         7         5         0        14
Poor Condition & Low Threats
  3       1         1         1         0         6
Lost
  7       7         9         6         0        29
______________________________________________________________

                    THEATERS
Main      Lower     Main      Trans-    Pacif- 
Eastern   Seabd     Western   Miss      ic         TOTAL
=============================================================
PRESERVATION RISKS, ALL BATTLEFIELDS:
Good/Fair Condition & High/Moderate Threats
 47       5        37        15         0       104
Good/Fair Condition & Low Threats
 57      11        26        34         1       129
Poor Condition & High/Moderate Threats
 25       4        20         8         0        57
Poor Condition & Low Threats
  3       2         1         1         0         7
Lost
 21       8        30        12         0        71
=============================================================
NOTES:

1. Source is Commission research.

2. States in each theater of operations. Main Eastern: District of Columbia; Maryland; North Carolina; Pennsylvania; Virginia; West Virginia. Lower Seaboard/Gulf Approach: Alabama; Florida; Georgia; Louisiana; South Carolina. Main Western: Alabama; Arkansas; Georgia; Indiana; Kentucky; Louisiana; Mississippi; Missouri; North Carolina; Ohio; South Carolina; Tennessee; Virginia. Trans-Mississippi: Arkansas; Colorado; Kansas; Louisiana; Missouri; Montana; New Mexico; North Dakota; Oklahoma; Texas. Pacific Coast: Idaho.

3. MSA = Metropolitan Statistical Area (U.S. Bureau of the Census).

4. Listings and designated acreage often do not reflect current historical research.

5. Numbers do not add to 26 because some states were in more than one theater of operations.

6. Risk totals do not add to 384 because of missing information for 16 sites.



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Creation Date: 3/28/95
DWL

Last Update 2/15/96 by TGossett