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American Battlefields
Brandy Station   

Other Names: Fleetwood Hill

Location: Culpeper County

Campaign: Gettysburg Campaign (June-August 1863)

Date(s): June 9, 1863

Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. Pleasonton [US]; Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart [CS]

Forces Engaged: Corps (22,000 total)

Estimated Casualties: 1,090 total

Description: At dawn June 9, the Union cavalry corps under Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton launched a surprise attack on Stuartís cavalry at Brandy Station. After an all-day fight in which fortunes changed repeatedly, the Federals retired without discovering Leeís infantry camped near Culpeper. This battle marked the apogee of the Confederate cavalry in the East. From this point in the war, the Federal cavalry gained strength and confidence. Brandy Station was the largest cavalry battle of the war and the opening engagement of the Gettysburg Campaign.

Result(s): Inconclusive

CWSAC Reference #: VA035

Preservation Priority: I.3 (Class B)

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