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American Battlefields
Mine Run   

Other Names: Payneís Farm, New Hope Church

Location: Orange County

Campaign: Mine Run Campaign (November-December 1863)

Date(s): November 27-December 2, 1863

Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. George G. Meade [US]; Gen. Robert E. Lee [CS]

Forces Engaged: Armies: 114,069 total (US 69,643; CS 44,426)

Estimated Casualties: 1,952 total (US 1,272; CS 680)

Description: Payneís Farm and New Hope Church were the first and heaviest clashes of the Mine Run Campaign. In late November 1863, Meade attempted to steal a march through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River.  Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early in command of Ewell's Corps marched east on the Orange Turnpike to meet the advance of William Frenchís III Corps near Payneís Farm. Carrís division (US) attacked twice. Johnsonís division (CS) counterattacked but was scattered by heavy fire and broken terrain. After dark, Lee withdrew to prepared field fortifications along Mine Run. The next day the Union army closed on the Confederate position. Skirmishing was heavy, but a major attack did not materialize. Meade concluded that the Confederate line was too strong to attack and retired during the night of December 1-2, ending the winter campaign.

Result(s): Inconclusive

CWSAC Reference #: VA044

Preservation Priority: I.3 (Class B)

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