The Developing Years
National Park Service Uniforms
The Developing Years
The following is the only complete set of National Park Service
Uniform Regulations, other than Office Order 204, revised, June 7, 1932,
found from the 1930s. They are shown in their entirety, as printed. No
corrections, punctuation, spelling or otherwise has been made, to give
the flavor of the period.
|NATIONAL PARK SERVICE UNIFORMS REGULATIONS
|OFFICE ORDER NO.324||April 13, 1936|
The fundemental purposes of the uniform are to symbolize the National
Park Service and to identify the wearer to Park visitors. Accordingly,
its use must be limited to the service field personell whose chief
duties are to contact visitors and to protect the parks and monuments.
The director, however, may approve specific exemptions with respect to
the wearing of the uniform.
The following officials and employees of the National Park Service,
whether permanent of temporary, shall wear the standard uniform when
assigned to duty in any of the National Parks as well as all Historical
Parks, National monuments, and other open areas that are open to
tourists and visitors.
Superintendents, Assistant superintendents, Custodians rangers,
Naturalists, Ranger-Naturalists, Military Park Guards, Museum attendants,
Hot Springs National Park Policemen, and other National Park and
national monuments employees whose duties are chiefly to attract and to
contact park visitors and to protect visitors and to protect the areas
adminstered by the National Park Service.
The Uniform is not to be worn by an official or employee when he is
not on a duty status.
Emergency Conservation Work and other Emergency employees, when
assigned to regular Public Contract service shall wear the Uniform when
specificially authorized by the Director.
No other employees of the National Park Service shall wear the
ECW supervisitory personnel shall wear the ECW authorized uniform.
Other temporary employees or members of other Branches of the National
Park Service may wear the special uniform Authorized by the Director,
but shall not wear the standard uniform or Insignia prescribed for
permenantly appointed or regular National Park Service officials and
I. STNADARD UNIFORM
The standard uniform consists of the following garments and the
authorized accessories is prescribed for all formal wear and ordinary
Stiff brim 3 to 3-1/2 inches wide, and 4 to 4-5/8 inch crown,
side color. Hat to be worn with the approved leather. Hat band and two
silver Sequoia cones.
Width of brim and hieght of crown of hat may be varied, within these
dimensions, to suit the size or conformation of the wearer.
The approved NPS cap of the same material as uniform with
approved chin strap fastened with two silver Sequoia cones is prescribed
for Rangers assigned to Motor Cycle duty
Three or four button Military sack having open collar, Pinch
back, two breast pockets, pleated, and two side pockets, bellows type;
all outside pockets to have flaps, fastened with small service
The coat shall be worn on all normal occasions. It may be dispenced
with only in hot weather when the superintendent or the custodian
Of the same material as coat; full peg with two side or
top pockets, two hip pockets ; and one watch pocket ; buttoned at the
knee openings, with or without knee reinforcement, and double seat of
the same material.
Breeches are considered as essential part of the formal uniform.
Of same material as coat, straight leg, with I-1/2 inch
cuff, two side, two hip, and one watch pocket ; may be worn in lieu of
(1) In such eastern National Parks, Military Parks, National Monuments,
and in other areas when extrememly warm weather prevails for
(2) Policemen at Hot Springs National Park.
(3) By superintendents, Custodians, and other members of the field
personnel on informal occasions.
|F. Field Boots
Leather field boots of medium weight, with laced
instep and laced side at top shall be worn with breeches.
Oxford type with plain dark brown socks and they may be
worn with trousers.
Collar attached type of flannel, Wool; Gabardine: or of cotton
material, steel gray color, for all normal duty.
A white shirt and collar is authorized for formal occasions only.
A field shirt with collar attached, shoulder straps, two large
plaited breast pockets fastened with buttons, steel grey, is prescribed
for wear without coats, Such shirts may be flannel, Gaberiadine or
Four in hand barathea silk, full wool lined, dark green.
Double breasted, four button Mackinaw type with
convertaiable collar, two side patch pockets and sewed on half belt in
Coat may be unlined or lined with fleece, or any other materail.
Double breasted, full belt, set-in-sleeves, calflength
of light weight weather-proof material such as alligater cloth or olive
green color is authorized.
Double breasted, calflength, trench coat style with
raglan sleeves, full belt and diagonial pockets of forestry green,
For all formal occassions such as inspections, official receptions,
etc. the standard uniform for Superintendents, shall consist of : Hat,
Coat, Breeches, Field Boots, steel grayor white shirt, Dark green tie,
and all proper insignia and assessories.
The overcoat shall be considered and essential part of the formal
when the weather conditions require its use.
II. FATIGUE UNIFORM
The fatigue uniform is prescribed for informal wear such as patrel
and general field duty, fatigue use, and when the purpose of the
service is other than public contact, or when the nature of the duty is
such that the standard uniform would be inappropiate. It shall consist
The regulation hat and hat band.
The National Park Service Field Jacket is slightly longer than the
conventinial cossack, but shorter than the cruiser type jacket. It has
a waist band approximately two inches wide with adjustable buckles at
the side. The Jacket fastens in the front with full length talon
fasteners, and has two large plaited breast pockets with flaps fastened
with small regulation buttons. From the top of the breast pockets over
the shoulder s and full length of back, material is double. The lower
part of the back provides a large pocket, closing with talon fasteners
on each side under the arms.
The regulation breeches
Regulation trousers. Acanvas or any other waterproof material
trousers of forestry green or light tan may be authorized when field
conditions make this type of garment desireable.
The regulation shirt, either of wool or of cotton.
The necktie may or may not be worn as diricted by Supt.
Heavey leatherlace boots -10 -16 inch top or standard
Badges or collar ornaments, and rank Insignia shall be worn on the
field jacket and on shirts when worn without coats or jackets. In the
same position as prescribed for the coat and o vercoat of the standard
III WINTER SPORTS PATROL UNIFORM
For the antional parks and ither areas haveing established winter
sports seasons the following articles of uniform are prescribed for wear
by rangers and other employees whose duties require thier presence with
visitors at snow sports activities and who are desiginated to wear them
by the supt. Or custodian.
Ski cap type of NPS design, haveing adjustable ear flaps and with
embriodered NPS insignia on the front.
The NPS field or fatigue jacket.
Ski Trousers with full length cuffs, 20 inches or larger
leg and knit ankle cuff.
Ski boots of leather of conventional design.
Heavey wool with dark green top, or in lieu of socks, olive green
or steel grey ski leggings or spats.
|F. [this is supposed to be Parka]
With or without hood, light wieght weather-proof material either
waist or Knee length, of forestry green or steel grey.
Forestry green elastique cloth, I6 to 22 ounce weight is prescribed
for cap, coat, breeches, trousers, and jacket of standard, fatigue,and
winter sports uniforms. All articles of a suit shall be of the same
For use in the areas where climatic conditions require a lighter
weight uniform for comfort, light weight gabaradine or tropicial worsted
cloth of about I2 oune weight is authorized for the various articles of
the standard and fatigue uniforms, subject however to approval of the
director for each field unit concerned.
For stry green elastique cloth, 22 to 30 ounce weight is prescribed
for overcoat material.
Forestry or olive greeen patened waterproof cloth such as Alligater,
-forestry green cravenetted gaberadine, I2 to I8 ounces wieght are also
prescribed for raincoat material.
Flannel, wool Gabardine, twill, broadcloth, or poplin cloth of
steel grey color are authorized for shirts or shiting materials.
Dark green Barathea silk with full wool lineing is prescribed for the
First quality calf skin or horsehide leather is recommended for field
boots, shoes, hat bands and chin straps. All leather articles and
accessories shall be uniform cordovan color.
V. BADGES, BUTTONS, COLLAR ORNAMENTS, INSIGNIAS, HAT*BANDS CHIN
STRAPS, AND BELTS
Prescribed for use by Superintendents, Custodians Rangers, and
fire guards as follows.
(1) Superintendents and Custodians, Round badge, made of gold.
(2) Chief rangers and assistant Chief rangers, Shield Badge, gold
(3) Park Rangers, Ranger Naturalists guards, and Park Rangers
(temporary) shield badge, (Nickel plated )
(3-a) Park guards, same as Park Ran. With word guard instead of
(4) Fire Guards -- Shield badge, Bronze metal, numbered serially.
Park Naturalists may be issued ranger badges when they enforce Park
Superintendents, Custodians, rangers, and fire guards shall wear
thier badges on thier uniforms at all times, The badge shall be worn
ove rthe left the pleat of the left breast pocket, Immediately below the
button on coats and fatigue jackets, It shall be worn displayed on
approximately the same position on field shirts and overcoats.
ALL BADGES SHALL REMAIN THE PROPERTY OF THE GOVERNMENT
A deposit of [$]5.00 will be required of temporary rangers and fire
guards to whom the badges are issued. This sum will be returned-----Upon
surrender of the badge for which it was deposited. If the badge should
be lost, an additional deposit of $5.00 will be required before another
badge may be issued.
Forestry green, web-waist belt, 1-1/8 inches wide, with
buckle of a design approved by the Director, is prescribed for wear when
breeches are worn without coat.
Buttons of three sizes, large for overcoats, meium for
coats, and small for pocket flaps, of bronze, and of a design as
approved by the Director are prescribed.
|C. COLLAR ORNAMENTS
Of rolled gold or gilt of a design approved by the
Director shall be worn on coats, overcoats, fatigue jackets, and
field shirts, one device shall be attached in a horizontal position to
each side of the collar.
|D. RANGER INSIGNIA
Indicating the various grades, is prescribed for wear by Rangers
only. The Sequoia cone and foliage have been adopted as the basic sleeve
insignia and the differentiation in rank is indicated by the number of
cones, as follows:
|Chief Rangers||Three cones with foliage|
|Assistant Chief Rangers||Two cones with foliage|
|Rangers (Permanent)||One cone with foliage|
|Rangers (Temporary)||Foliage only|
|Ranger-Naturalist||Bear with foliage|
|E. SERVICE INSIGNIA
Indicating length of service as a member of the National Park
Service is prescribed as follows:
After the first star is earned, bars shall be discontinued to
indicate service of less than five-year periods. For each five-year
period of completed service, a silver embroidered star.
The service insignia shall be worn on the cuff of the left sleeve of
the coat and overcoat, the lower stripe or star shall be placed 1-1/2"
above end of sleeve. When stripes and stars are worn, stars shall be
placed uppermost. When more than one star is worn, they shall be
arranged horizontally up to four and triangularly when more than four
stars are worn.
|F. HAT BANDS
Of calf skin, cordovan color, 1-1/8 inch wide, embossed with
evergreen twigs and cones and the letters U.S.N.P.S." and ornamented
with two silver Sequoia cones, is prescribed for wear on the
|G. CHIN STRAP
Of calf skin or same design as the hat band, cordovan color,
embossed with evergreen twigs and cones, and the letters "U.S.N.P.S."
with silver Sequoia cone fasteners, is prescribed as a part of the
VI. RESPONSIBILITY FOR CORRECTNESS OF ARTICLES AND PROPER USE OF
Employees designated to wear the National Park Service uniform shall,
at their own expense, provide and wear uniforms as herein prescribed.
They are responsible for compliance with the material and pattern
specifications and for the proper use of their uniforms as required in
these regulations and by the superintendent or custodian in charge of
their field unit.
Superintendents, custodians, and supervisory officials shall, by
frequent inspection, see that all members of their organizations
required to wear uniforms are properly equipped with all necessary
articles of clothing and accessories, and that they wear same in
accordance with these regulations. They are responsible for the type of
material used, and for the uniformity of all members of their
organization. They shall prescribe conditions for the use of the field
and winter sports uniforms, and for all seasonal changes. No employee
required to wear the standard uniform shall be permitted to remain on
duty improperly dressed.
All articles of uniform prescribed herein shall be in accordance with
designs and specifications approved by the Director.
Articles of uniform authorized under the provisions of office order
number 268 may be continued in use until worn out, Provided such use
shall not extend beyond December 31, 1936, when these regulations cancel
and supercede all previously issued uniform regulations.