List of Maps and Illustrations
Preface to the First Edition
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the Third Edition
Prologue: The Heritage of Achievement and Indifference
1. Catalysts: Nationalism, Art, and the American West
2. Monumentalism Reaffirmed: The Yellowstone
3. Worthless Lands
4. New Parks, Enduring Perspectives
5. See America First
6. Complete Conservation
7. Ecology Denied
8. Schemers and Standard Bearers
9. Familiar Themes, Traditional Battles, and a New Seriousness
10. Management in Transition
11. Ideals and Controversies of Expansion
12. Decision in Alaska
Epilogue. National Parks for the Future: Encirclement and Uncertainty
Supplementary Bibliographical Note
Index (omitted from the online edition)
Frontispiece. Teton Mountains and Snake River.
Yosemite Valley; Niagara Falls; Harpers Ferry; Grand Canyon; Devils
Tower; Mount McKinley; Glacier; Lower Falls of the Yellowstone; Mount
Rainier; Olympic; Kansas prairie
II. Railroads and the National Parks.
Tourists in Yellowstone; Stephen T. Mather; Waitresses at Glacier;
Gardiner, Montana, entrance to Yellowstone; Santa Fe Railway
advertisement for Grand Canyon; Mount Stanton; Union Pacific Railroad
advertisement for Bryce Canyon; Temple of Osiris, Bryce Canyon; lobby of
Glacier Park Lodge; Glacier Park Lodge; Horseless carriage at Glacier
III. Catering to Tourists.
Camper and bison at Wind Cave; Theodore Roosevelt at Wawona Tunnel
Tree, Yosemite; Automobile at Wawona Tunnel Tree; Touring cars in
Glacier; Touring car at Old Faithful Inn; Going-to-the-Sun Highway;
Dedication of Going-to-the-Sun Highway; West Yellowstone, Montana; Deer
begging in Yellowstone; Auto log, Sequoia; Snowmobilists at Old
Faithful; Easter sunrise service, Yosemite; Skating at Yosemite
Winterclub; Removing debris from Blue Star Spring, Yellowstone; Bear
IV. Preserving the Environment.
Everglades; Everglades Jetport; Hetch Hetchy Valley, Yosemite; Hetch
Hetchy Valley, after being flooded; Crater Lake; Death Valley; Strip
mine in Death Valley; Huggins Hell, Great Smokies; Tulip-Poplar tree,
Great Smokies; Horace M. Albright; Removing debris at Jackson Lake;
Logging near Redwood National Park; Shenandoah; Isle Royale
V. National Park Expansion and Ecology.
Arrigetch Peaks, Alaska; Ruth Glacier, Alaska; Cape Cod; Point Reyes,
California; Great Pond, Cape Cod; St. Croix River; Marin Headlands, San
Francisco; Bird watching, Gateway National Recreation Area; Abandoned
high rise and car, Breezy Point; Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; Prescribed
burn, Sequoia National Park; James Watt; Watt political cartoon
1. Primary Natural Units of the National Park System.
Copyright © 1979, 1987 by the University of Nebraska Press.
Preface to the Third Edition @copy; 1997 by the University of Nebraska Press.
All rights reserved.
Manufactured in the United States of America
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
Runte, Alfred, 1947
I. National parks and reserves
History. I. Title.
E160.R78 1987 973 86-11368
ISBN 0-8032-8963-4 (alk. paper)
In Memory of My Mother and Father.