1. Mining Inspector Charles B. Barker
to the General Land Office, 5 October 1911, NA, RG 79, Series 6, El
Morro National Monument, file 12-5.
2. Mining Inspector Leslie Gillett to
the General Land Office, 10 September 1915, NA, RG 79, Series 6, El
Morro, file 12-5.
3. Examiner of Surveys William B.
Douglass to the commissioner of the General Land Office, 3 March 1909,
NA, RG 79, Series 6, Navajo National Monument, file 12-5.
6. William B. Douglass to the
commissioner of the General Land Office, 22 March 1909, NA, RG 79,
Series 6, Navajo National Monument, file 12-5.
7. John Wetherill to Assistant
Attorney General S. V. Proudfit, 24 August 1909; and William B. Douglass
to W. H. Holmes, 13 September 1909; NA, RG 79, Series 6, Navajo National
Monument, file 12-5.
8. J. Walter Fewkes, A Preliminary
Report on a Visit to the Navajo National Monument, Bureau of
Ethnology Bulletin No. 50, (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office,
1910), chronicles the initial Bureau of Ethnology survey at Navajo
9. "Report on the National Monuments"
1911, NA, RG 79, Series 4, Records Relating to National Parks and
Monuments 1872-1916, Records of the Office of the Chief Clerk of the
Department of the Interior 1887-1916. This document appears to have been
made in preparation for Frank Bond's talk at the first National Parks
Conference in 1911. It closely resembles the talk he later gave.
10. Devils Postpile was originally a
part of the Yosemite National Park but was excluded when the boundaries
were reduced in 1905. In 1910 a regional power company applied for
permission to blast the formation and use it to dam the San Joaquin
River. The officers of the Sierra Club petitioned the federal
government, suggesting preservation of the area as a national monument.
By March 1911 there was a crisis brewing as development and the need for
water were pitted against scenic and scientific interest. In part
because the Devils Postpile dam was proposed by a private company and
because the need for water was not pressing, the Devils Postpile
situation ended more positively for preservationists than did the crisis
over Hetch-Hetchy. On 6 July 1911 Devils Postpile was proclaimed a
national monument under the jurisdiction of the Forest Service (see NA,
RG 79, Series 6, Devils Postpile, file 12-5).
11. Frank Bond, "The Administration
of National Monuments," Proceedings of the National Parks Conference
held at the Yellowstone National Park September 11 and 12, 1911
(Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1911), 96.
12. Ibid., 80-81, 96-97, 99.
13. Shankland, Steve Mather,
52-53; Bond, "Administration of National Monuments, 95.
14. GLO Commissioner Fred Dennett to
Congressman Carl Hayden, 28 April 1913, NA, RG 79, Series 6, Proposed
National Parks, Papago Saguaro, file O-32.
15. Runte, National Parks,
16. Ibid., 98-104. See also
Shankland, Steve Mather, 51-53, 100-106; and Ise, Our National
Park Policy, 185-93.