Tom Wallace, Louisville newspaper editor, presided at
the meeting. Conrad L. Wirth, Supervisor of Recreation and Land
Planning, outlined the policies and objectives of the Service and
introduced the Cumberland National Recreational Area proposal. K. C.
McCarter, Landscape Architect, and C. W. Porter, Assistant Historian,
described conclusions reached on the basis of studies conducted during
investigations made a year ago at the Kentucky-Tennessee-Virginia area.
An organization committee, composed of three members from each of the
States, later was established. The group endorsed the Historical Park
and Recreational Area proposals and planned for meetings in Lexington,
Ky.; Knoxville, Tenn., and Bristol, Tenn.-Va.
* * *
BLUE RIDGE PARKWAY ENTRANCE INTO SMOKIES DETERMINED
A conference has been held in the Office of the
Secretary of the Interior for the purpose of discussing the proposal
made by North Carolina officials to locate the southern section of the
Blue Ridge Parkway so as to enter Great Smoky Mountains National Park in
the vicinity of Ravensford on North Carolina Highway No. 107.
Represented at the meeting were the North Carolina Highway Commission,
the Indian Service, Blue Ridge Parkway officers, the Branch of Plans and
Design, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the Director and
The Secretary approved the route for this 45-mile
unit of the parkway, thereby settling the location which has been in
question for the past three years. The original route proposed for the
parkway from Tennessee Bald to Soco Gap is to be followed, then the
route crosses the Indian Reservation on a ridge avoiding valley lands
which the former route traversed. North Carolina has agreed to abandon
State Route 107 from the Parkway boundary to Newfound Gap to enable the
Service to acquire the road.
North Carolina is to reimburse the Indians a minimum
amount of $40,000 for the land necessary for parkway purposes within
their reservation. Details of the transfer of title and the exact
parkway location remain to be worked out between the Office of Indian
Affairs, the National Park Service and the State of North Carolina. The
state will provide a valley highway connecting Soco Gap with Cherokee,
the Indian village, following the route formerly proposed for
Secretary Ickes has ruled that the only access to the
parkway will be at the public roads access points. All proposals for
private roads connecting with the parkway will disapproved. Letters to
this effect have been sent to Governor Clyde R. Hoey, of North Carolina,
and Governor James H. Price of Virginia.
* * *
OGLETHORPE NATIONAL TRAIL STUDY COMPLETED BY
The Branch of Plans and Design has completed a
preliminary study of the Oglethorpe Trail proposal, including a
reconnaissance of the trail. The old River Road between Savannah and
Augusta approximately 128 miles in length, was named The Oglethorpe
Trail in the Act approved by Congress on June 16, 1938. The road
traverses farm lands, swamps, Savannah River bluffs and low hills.
The parkway value of the proposal lies in the
possibility of its inclusion as a link in a parkway between the southern
terminus of the Blue Ridge Parkway and the Atlantic. Further field study
of possible alternate routes will be necessary before the parkway value
can be determined satisfactorily.
Recommendations have been made by the Acting Chief of
Planning Surveys concerning such a study. He advocates that tentative
alignment be indicated on available U.S.G.S. maps, and that no flagging
of lines be undertaken at this stage by the Bureau of Public Roads.
Further, he recommends that the additional study be postponed until late
fall when "the foliage will be less thick and the insect life less
* * *
MOUNTAIN MUSEUM PROSPECTUS COMPLETED FOR THE SMOKIES
A fine prospectus for a history and culture museum,
replete with illustrations, has been prepared by Messrs. Stupka, Wilburn
and Grossman, of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Their proposal
embodies a suggestion for presentation of mountain culture by means of a
group of occupied houses where mountaineers would carry on their normal
handicraft activities. Park Naturalist Stupka is engaged now in
gathering data for preparation of a leaflet on nature trails in the
National Parks. It will be issued by the Branch of Research and
* * *
STATUE OF LIBERTY WORK PROGRAM TO BE
A possibility that the Statue of Liberty may be
re-opened to the public as early as November 15, rather than a month
later, has grown out of adjustments made by Administrator Brehon
Somervell, of the City of New York Works Progress Administration, which
will permit immediate requisition of materials, required for prosecuting
the work on stairs, landings and other features, of the structure. Any
work to be done after November 15 will be completed with night shifts,
leaving the Statue well policed and ready for visitors during the day.
The Service has authorized use of materials obtainable through
demolition of buildings on Bedloe Island in constructing the new sea
* * *
COOPERATIVE WILDLIFE WORK PLANNED FOR FEDERAL
A significant move within the Wildlife Division is
seen in the plan to cooperate with other Federal bureaus, in shaping
agreements that will enable the Service's Division to participate in
studying wildlife problems on areas other than those under jurisdiction
of the National Park Service. If such inter-bureau agreements can be
effected, a distinct forward step will have been taken in integrating
all programs of wild life conservation and a national wildlife policy
finally may become a reality.
* * *
PREPARATION OF YEARBOOK FOR 1938 IS IN
Preliminary work in connection with preparation of
the 1938 Yearbook, Park and Recreation Progress has been begin and it
is, expected the publication will be issued soon after January 1.
Although it was necessary for the Service to provide all the material
for the first issue of the book, it is intended that the 1938 edition
contain the views of representative park leaders throughout the country.
Prominent men in the state park movement have been asked to contribute
articles on various pertinent subjects. In addition, the Service will
provide certain basic material and articles, on studies being conducted
under its supervision.
* * *
CHICKAMAUGA-CHATTANOOGA OBSERVES 75th
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park,
oldest and largest unit of its type in the National Park System, joined
the City of Chattanooga this month in an elaborate ten-day program
commemorating the 75th Anniversary of the major battles fought there
during the War Between the States.
A large crowd assembled in the Chickamauga section of
the park on Governors' Day, September 19, to participate in exercises to
which representatives of 29 states had been invited to attend and to
witness a reenactment of a part of the battle of Chickamauga, third
bloodiest of the encounters of the war if casualties are compared to the
total troops engaged. President Roosevelt, scheduled to speak on the
following day, was compelled to cancel his engagement at the last moment
because of his desire to remain in Washington to maintain close contact
with political developments in Europe.
As in the case of the anniversary observances held in
July at Gettysburg National Military Park, a special appropriation by
Congress provided funds for a part of the expenses incident to the
'RESEARCH AND INFORMATION' IS NEW NAME FOR
The name of the Branch of Research and Education has
just been changed officially to "Branch of Research and Information".
The name of the Branch of Recreational Planning and State Cooperation
already had been altered to "Branch of Recreation, Land Planning and
SERVICE DEFINES POLICIES GOVERNING USE OF
A clear definition of Service policies governing
organized camp and day use of Recreational Demonstration Areas, of which
there are 22 in Region One, is contained in a letter written by Acting
Assistant Director Fred T. Johnston in answer to an inquiry made by
Emerson W. Graver, of the Outing Bureau of the Keystone Automobile Club
"The National Park Service" the letter said, "is
developing 46 such areas in 24 states as demonstrations in the
recreational use of land which is unsuited to agricultural or industrial
purposes. They are neither State nor national parks, but a new type of
area designed primarily to provide, through organized camping, for the
recreational needs of the lower income groups in large centers of
population. However, sections of certain areas are reserved as wildlife
sanctuaries and, where not conflicting with camping, provision is made
for day use.
"It is planned eventually to turn practically all of
these areas over to the States for administration, in order that they
may augment the park and recreational systems of the States. While they
are still under development, administration and control is retained by
the National Park Service .....
"It is hoped that the public will come to understand
that recreational demonstration areas are designed primarily for
organized camping and that any day use permitted is secondary to use of
the areas by organized groups. Day use facilities on these areas may
supplement regular state recreational facilities, but are in no sense
state park facilities, in themselves. Unless or until day use facilities
are provided on an area, the area cannot be opened to the public for
such use. Organized camps leased by organizations for a season's use
must necessarily be closed to the public except to the extent the using
organization may permit its campers to receive visitors."
* * *
BRANCH OF FORESTRY ISSUES NEW MANUAL TO
The Manual of the Branch of Forestry, approved
September 6, has been issued in mimeographed form (76 pages). "The
purpose of this Branch," it is pointed out,"is the maintenance of the
forest ecological balance, with due coordination with wildlife needs and
management." Thirty pages of the manual are devoted to fire protection.
Insect control, tree disease, type mapping, forest research and general
forestry policy are among the other subjects covered.
The place of the forester in the regional
administrative scheme is defined and the Regional offices are designated
as focal points upon which will center "all questions and correspondence
pertaining to forestry and fire protection activities".
* * *
NEW CCC SAFETY REGULATIONS ISSUED IN BOOKLET
The new CCC safety regulations, prepared in the
office of Director Fechner last spring to supersede all previous
instructions, have been issued in a convenient booklet form. The preface
"The Civilian Conservation Corps Safety Regulations
have been revised and expanded to provide, in one small compact volume,
safety instructions and information to cover practically all chaises of
Civilian Conservation Corps work which can be readily used by all
"The rules and regulations contained herein have been
formulated from experience. A large part of the material presented has
been secured from the field, submitted by responsible field
representatives whose functional duties are the reduction and
elimination of accidents, regardless of cause or condition. A portion of
the material has been costly, having been prepared from cases which
resulted in the loss of life or limb.
"Safety to Civilian Conservation Corps personnel must
be the first consideration under any and all conditions. It is the
primary responsibility of all those acting in a supervisory capacity.
This responsibility cannot be avoided or overlooked.
"It should be added here that all the rules and
regulations which can be created, all the safety devices that can be
attached to machines, all the guards that can be erected, and all the
warning signs that can be posted are useless unless responsible
individuals drop the veil of seeming unconcern and become interested in
the task of eliminating and reducing accidents.
"The text is designed to further inspire and help
carry forward the humanitarian and economic movement of accident
prevention, through mandatory regulations and useful information."
* * *
C. G. JAQUETTE ELECTED ASSOCIATION
A now board of directors, which will serve until
September 1, 1939, was elected this month by members of the Richmond
National Park Service Association, a group organized last April. The
directors assembled later and chose officers for the year. They are:
C. G. Jaquette, Assistant Attorney, President;
Herbert Evison, Associate Regional Director, First Vice President; W.S.
Bahlman, Acting Assistant Regional Director, Second Vice President; Mrs.
Ruby Brooke, Jr. Clerk-Stenographer, Secretary, and C. C. Stutts, Chief
Other members of the board of directors are A. P.
Bursley, Regional Supervisor; W.E. O'Neil, Associate Engineer, Miss Mary
Kane, Assistant Fiscal Accounting Clerk, and Miss Thelma Kreusse, Junior
Clerk Stenographer. The Association now has more than 170 members.
* * *