The U. S. Travel Bureau has sponsored its first
cruise. Five Service employees, Messrs. Sager, Little, Ballard and
Loomis, and Miss Loretta Griffin were included in the list of 400
The cruise covered an 11-day trip to Puerto Rico and
the Virgin Islands at $100 per passenger and included a visit to the
Loquillo unit of the Caribbean National Forest in Puerto Rico, which has
been proposed as a National Monument or Park. It embraces one of the
island's highest peaks, close to 9,000 feet elevation. The area is said
to have the world's finest tropical rain forest with ferns 20 feet high.
El Morro the Spanish fort at San Juan which has been proposed as a
historical monument, also was visited by the travelers. The cruise was
sponsored jointly with the Institute of Tourism of Puerto Rico.
* * *
GETTING IT STRAIGHT ABOUT RESETTLEMENT
It has been apparent for some time that there is
considerable confusion in the field concerning the relationship between
the old Resettlement Administration the Farm Security Administration and
the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. The following statement has been
prepared in clarification:
Resettlement, created in 1935, was charged with the
administration of projects established under the Land Program of the
Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA). Its program included two
types of projects: land use and rehabilitation.
That Administration was transferred to the Department
of Agriculture on December 31, 1936, and the name changed to Farm
Security Administration. The rehabilitation projects were retained but
land use af fairs were entrusted to the Bureau of Agricultural
Economics, an old-line organization established in 1922. Of the 98
agricultural projects it is planned that only 25 will be administered by
the BAE for an indefinite period. The other 73 have been or will be
transferred to other federal or state agencies. It is expected a few of
these will be transferred to the Service.
The chief purposes of the Farm Security
Administration now are to complete the rehabilitation projects inherited
from the Resettlement Administration and to carry out the Farm Tenant
Aid and Rural Rehabilitation programs of the Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant
* * *
RADIO TRAVELOGUES SCHEDULED WEEKLY
A weekly travel talk is given over WNYC by Nelson A.
Loomis, of the Travel Bureau. The 15-minute programs begin at 6:30 p.m.
* * *
JEFFERSON MEMORIAL SITE DETERMINED
The site for the $3,000,000 Jefferson Memorial in
Washington has been determined. It will, be on the promontory on the
south side of the Tidal Basin. Borings for the foundation are being made
by the War Department under direction of the National Park Service. The
memorial will be circular in plan with a 150-foot diameter and a
dome-shaped superstructure. It will be somewhat higher than the Lincoln
* * *
GREAT WHITE HERON REFUGE BEING CREATED
The Biological Survey is creating the Great White
Heron Refuge which will adjoin the Fort Jefferson National Monument in
Florida. It will include 207,000 acres of land and water and embrace
several thousand acres now in public domain. The Department of the
Interior has indicated its approval of the project with the
understanding that the Department of Agriculture will not object to
legislation which the Service plans to introduce later to extend the
boundaries of the Monument to include the Refuge.
* * *
HEARON MADE CZAR OF EDUCATIONAL MOVIES
Fanning Hearon, who resigned recently as Director of
the Division of Motion Pictures of the Department of the Interior, has
become Director of the General Association of School Libraries which is
being established in New York City with Laura Spelman Rockefeller funds.
He will hold a relationship to the field of educational motion pictures
which will be analogous to that of Will Hays in the entertainment movie
* * *
SEARS, ROEBUCK PUBLICITY FOR THE GREAT SMOKIES
A natural color photograph of the Great Smoky
Mountains National Park, taken from Greenbrier Pinnacle and facing Mt.
LeConte, has been reproduced as the cover of the fall-winter catalog
which is being distributed by the Atlanta branch of Sears, Roebuck, and
Company. A reproduction of the cover appeared in the August 15 issue of
Life. Several million copies of the catalog, it is reported, have
* * *
MICE AND GOPHERS LEAD COYOTE MENU
The survey to determine whether coyote control in
Yellowstone National Park, abandoned three years ago, will be resumed
and whether certain big game species are in danger of extermination by
coyotes, has been completed by Wildlife Technician Murie after a year of
careful study. Information on the part played by coyotes in the
destruction of livestock on lands adjacent to the park also is included
in the findings.
Mice and gophers were found to be the major items of
a coyote's diet. Elk ranked in a minor position and other game animals
and birds were found to hold negligible places on the menu. Since game
species are dependent on forage predation is helpful in certain
localities where field mice and gophers do considerable damage to
grasses and shrubs There is no indication that the antelope population
is threatened by coyotes. The herd is holding its own and may be
increasing. There is no evidence that the coyotes are a serious menace
to bighorn, geese or the trumpeter swan.
No general exodus of coyotes to surrounding regions
was found natural controls apparently operating to keep the population
stable. Dr. Murie offers evidence to show control of the coyote can not
be justified and he recommends no artificial measures be practiced at
* * *
RATE OF CAVE DEPOSITION EXPLAINED BY GEOLOGIST
In response to an inquiry concerning the rate of
growth of cave formations Earl A. Trager, Naturalist Division Chief has
prepared a statement which corrects some of the popular misconceptions
relating to the age of stalactites.
"Some engineer once determined," he writes "that at a
particular locality travertine accumulated at the rate of one cubic inch
per hundred years and upon this basis some very preposterous ages were
ascribed to certain formations in certain caves. It has since been
definitely proved that this rate of growth can not be applied generally
in estimating the age of cave deposits. The rate of limestone formation
depends upon many factors which include the type of rock through which
the water seeps in entering the cave the temperature of the water the
amount of humic or other organic acids absorbed by the water as it
passes through the decaying vegetable layer near the surface and the
amount of CO2 or carbonic acid gas present in the water.
These factors all determine the amount of calcium carbonate which will
be picked up en route to the cave opening.
"Upon entering the cave other factors determine the
rate of deposition such as the rate of evaporation, the humidity and the
amount of circulating air as well as the temperature. In some cases
where waters pass through rocks containing very little lime and enter
caves which have a comparatively high humidity, deposition is at an
almost infinitesimal rate. In others where the ground water passes
through limestone layers over which lie bogs adding humic acid to the
water, deposition may take place at certain points at the rate of as
much as four inches in thickness per year.
"Another factor which has led to many misstatements
about the age of certain pillars is the fact that frequently the core of
such a pillar is nothing more than a large block of rock which dropped
from the roof and has subsequently been covered by a comparatively thin
layer of lime deposit. I had occasion to examine a number of such colums
in some of the Missouri and Mexican caverns which were reputed to be of
very old age, and by accident found one which was cracked and learned
that the surface layer was only one inch thick. This led to an
investigation of a number of very large columns which were examined by
drilling holes through the surface, and it was found that the coating
was a very small propor tion of the entire mass.
"Because of these factors, it is very difficult for
us to attempt to assign any specific age based upon the amount of cave
* * *
PATTING OUR BACK
The REVIEW has received the fol(lowing)
comment from W. H. Bunce, Project Manager of Otter Creek Recreational
Demonstration Area, West Point, Ky.
"I have just finished Vol.I, No.1 of The REGIONAL
REVIEW. It was quite a surprise to find it in the mail, as Winchell
apparently hadn't mentioned that Region One was anticipating a
periodical. Personally, I found it delightful and compliments are surely
in order for those promoting the idea.
"The Park Service, in all of its various enterprises,
is so 'darn big' that only too frequently we in the field begin to feel
lost and that we are jobs and not persons, or that our job is the most
important job the Service is prosecuting.
"That is the value of such a bulletin as The
REGIONAL REVIEW. We find that we all are members of the clan, that
it takes each profession to make the Service click, that the historian
is equally as important as the engineer, that we are all important to
the whole, and more important The REVIEW brings us nearer to
headquarters and gives us a clearer view of what they are attempting to
do for us. . . How about adding a column of notes on "With the ERA"?
The REVIEW welcomes such fragrant bouquets but it
also is prepared to dodge a few brickbats. It will be glad to receive
suggestions and criticisms from any employees in the field or
* * *