Historic Resource Study (Chalmette Unit)
1. Fred J. Roush, Chalmette
National Historical Park Louisiana (Washington: National Park
Service, 1958), p. 47.
2. Leonard V. Huber, The Battle of
New Orleans And Its Monument, (New Orleans: Louisiana Landmarks
Society, 1983), p. 12.
6. Ibid, pp. 12, 13.
8. Ibid, p. 13.
9. Elliott to Jackson, June 4, 1845,
in Correspondence of Andrew Jackson, VI, 413.
10. Alcee Fortier, Louisiana:
Comprising Sketches of Parishes, Towns, Events, Institutions, and
Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form. 3 vol. (Np, Century Historical
Association, 1914), I, 195.
11. Huber, Monument, p.
12. Fortier, Louisiana, I,
15. Ibid, pp. 195, 196.
16. Huber, Monument, p.
18. "Minutes of the Association." As
recorded in the Association's Minutes for October 30, 1855: "Mr.
Crossman, on behalf of the committee appointed to visit the Battle
Ground, in order to lay off a location for the proposed monument
submitted the following report which, on motion, was unanimously
"The undersigned would respectfully report; that
agreeably to a resolution of the Board, Gen. J. B. Plauche, P. Senzeneau
and A. D. Crossman. J. H. Caldwell and Joseph Genois, concurring,
visited the Battle Ground on the 19th of October, 1855, accompanied by
Newton Richards and John Stroud, contractor, and the Messrs. D.D.
d'Hemecourt, surveyors; and that after due consultation to fix the
distance from the river at four arpents for the erection of the monument
in commemoration of the glorious victory achieved by the American Army
over the English on the 8th of January, 1815. "
(Signed) A.D. Crossman
19. Huber, Monument, p. 16.
Newton Richards, the man who had designed the winning submission,
learned his craft while working in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia.
In 1831, at age twenty-six, he arrived in New Orleans and founded his
stone business soon thereafter. His prolific energy quickly enamored the
local business community, leading one local newspaper to state that he
had "infused new life into our mechanics, builders and property owners."
He was quickly befriended by Mayor Crossman and diligently worked with
the Association, almost from its inception, in the efforts toward
erecting the two monuments.
22. Ibid, p. 14, 15.
23. Ibid, p. 19.
24. Roush, Chalmette National
Historical Park, p. 47.
25. Huber, Monument, p.
27. Ibid., p. 20.
29. Ibid., p. 22. In 1906
George Stroud, a son of one of the original contractors, who possessed
documents concerning the erection of the monument, told a reporter for
The work... was suspended [probably in 1856] for lack
of funds, but by order of the [Monument] Association... the contractors
were notified April 2, 1857, to resume their work, [a directive] coupled
with the statement that the Association had sufficient funds at its
disposal to build the monument up to fifty-six feet, at which time the
work was stopped, and the payment then due was made March 2, 1859. The
builders ceased work after the shaft itself was 56 feet 10 inches above
the line at which the top of the step would meet it; this step or base,
if completed, was about 12 feet 6 inches above the natural surface.
(Total height above ground level69 feet 4 inches.
31. Ibid, p. 22.
32. Ibid, p. 25.
34. Stockwell, Private Elisha
Stockwell Sees the Civil War, pp. 155-156.
35. W.E. Pedrick, New Orleans As
It Is (Cleveland: William W. Williams, 1885), pp. 14, 15.
36. The Picayune, January 18,
1891, as reprinted in The Picayune's Guide to New Orleans (New
Orleans: The Picayune, ca. 1894).
37. Times-Democrat, August
38. Huber, Monument, p. 26.
Confederate Veteran, 1902, p. 535.
39. Other members were Mrs. R. C.
Hadden, Mrs. Felicite Cayoso Tennent, Mrs. Lelia M. Harper, Mrs. V. A.
Fowler, Mrs. Lelia Forman, Mrs. George A. Rice, and Mrs. Dora A. Miller.
Huber, Monument, p. 26.
42. Confederate Veteran,
1902, p. 535. Soon after the Louisiana Society United States Daughters
1776 and 1812 was organized the members erected a small stone monument
near what is today the southwest corner of the Chalmette Unit. Located
some distance behind the remnant of Rodriquez Canal, the loving
cup-shaped monument memorializes the role of Samuel Spotts in the New
Orleans campaign. On its east face is inscribed:
IN MEMORY OF MAJOR SAMUEL SPOTS [sic]
WHO SHOT THE FIRST GUN AT THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS,
JAN. 8, 1815. THIRD REGIMENT
SEVENTH BATTERY ARTILLERY CORP.
BORN NOV. 30, 1788 IN PHILADELPHIA PA.
DIED JULY 11, 1833 IN NEW ORLEANS
43. Facts About Chalmette
Monument And Its Caretakers, The Louisiana Society USD 1776 And 1812
(Np, Nd) p. 8.
44. Huber, Monument, p.
45. Confederate Veteran,
1902, p. 535.
46. Huber, Monument, p.
49. Ibid.; Confederate
Veteran, 1902, p. 535.
50. Huber, Monument, p.
51. Alfred F. Theard, "Work on
Completing Chalmette Monument," Association of Engineering
Societies. XLIII (September, 1909), p. 89.
52. U. S. Congress. House. A bill
to accept from the State of Louisiana a cession of territory known as
the "Chalmette Monument Place," in the parish of Saint Bernard, of that
State, and to provide for the completion of the monument thereon, and
for other purposes. H. Report No. 4950. 59 Cong., 1 sess., June 16,
53. Fortier, Louisiana, I,
54. Huber, Monument, p.
55. Theard, "Work of Completing
Chalmette Monument," pp. 91-93.
56. Ibid; Huber,
Monument, p. 31.
57. Ibid., p. 30.
58. Ibid., pp. 31, 33; Louis
Torres, Tuckahoe Marble: The Rise and Fall of an Industry,
1802-1930 (Harrison, New York: Harbor Hill Books, 1976), p. 38.
61. Theard, "Work of Completing
Chalmette Monument," pp. 98, 99.
62. Ibid., p. 93.
63. Huber, Monument, p.
64. New Orleans Item-Tribune,
March 2, 1911.
65. New Orleans
Times-Democrat, ca. March 10, 1911. Vertical File, Louisiana
Collection, Tulane University Library.
66. New Orleans Morning Star,
January 16, 1915.
67. Huber, Monument, p.
68. Ibid., p. 36.
69. Natural Military Park,
National Park, Battlefield Site and National Monument Regulations.
(Washington: Office of the Quartermaster General, 1931), p. 70.
70. Times-Picayune, June 15,
71. Times-Picayune, September
72. Times-Picayune, June 5,
73. Huber, Monument, p.
74. Item-Tribune, January 8,
1933, p. 12.
75. Picayune's Guide to New
76. Battle of New Orleans Scrapbook,
pp. 101, 119.
77. Item-Tribune, January 8,
78. Battle of New Orleans Scrapbook,
pp. 91, 92.
79. Battle of New Orleans
Sesquicentennial Celebration, 1815-1965.
Last Updated: 05-Sep-2004