Jean Lafitte
Historic Resource Study (Chalmette Unit)
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1. Fred J. Roush, Chalmette National Historical Park Louisiana (Washington: National Park Service, 1958), p. 47.

2. Leonard V. Huber, The Battle of New Orleans And Its Monument, (New Orleans: Louisiana Landmarks Society, 1983), p. 12.

3. Ibid.

4. Ibid.

5. Ibid.

6. Ibid, pp. 12, 13.

7. Ibid.

8. Ibid, p. 13.

9. Elliott to Jackson, June 4, 1845, in Correspondence of Andrew Jackson, VI, 413.

10. Alcee Fortier, Louisiana: Comprising Sketches of Parishes, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form. 3 vol. (Np, Century Historical Association, 1914), I, 195.

11. Huber, Monument, p. 13.

12. Fortier, Louisiana, I, 195.

13. Ibid.

14. Ibid.

15. Ibid, pp. 195, 196.

16. Huber, Monument, p. 16.

17. Ibid.

18. "Minutes of the Association." As recorded in the Association's Minutes for October 30, 1855: "Mr. Crossman, on behalf of the committee appointed to visit the Battle Ground, in order to lay off a location for the proposed monument submitted the following report which, on motion, was unanimously adopted.

"The undersigned would respectfully report; that agreeably to a resolution of the Board, Gen. J. B. Plauche, P. Senzeneau and A. D. Crossman. J. H. Caldwell and Joseph Genois, concurring, visited the Battle Ground on the 19th of October, 1855, accompanied by Newton Richards and John Stroud, contractor, and the Messrs. D.D. d'Hemecourt, surveyors; and that after due consultation to fix the distance from the river at four arpents for the erection of the monument in commemoration of the glorious victory achieved by the American Army over the English on the 8th of January, 1815. "

(Signed) A.D. Crossman

19. Huber, Monument, p. 16. Newton Richards, the man who had designed the winning submission, learned his craft while working in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia. In 1831, at age twenty-six, he arrived in New Orleans and founded his stone business soon thereafter. His prolific energy quickly enamored the local business community, leading one local newspaper to state that he had "infused new life into our mechanics, builders and property owners." He was quickly befriended by Mayor Crossman and diligently worked with the Association, almost from its inception, in the efforts toward erecting the two monuments.

20. Ibid.

22. Ibid, p. 14, 15.

23. Ibid, p. 19.

24. Roush, Chalmette National Historical Park, p. 47.

25. Huber, Monument, p. 19.

26. Ibid.

27. Ibid., p. 20.

28. Ibid.

29. Ibid., p. 22. In 1906 George Stroud, a son of one of the original contractors, who possessed documents concerning the erection of the monument, told a reporter for the Picayune:

The work... was suspended [probably in 1856] for lack of funds, but by order of the [Monument] Association... the contractors were notified April 2, 1857, to resume their work, [a directive] coupled with the statement that the Association had sufficient funds at its disposal to build the monument up to fifty-six feet, at which time the work was stopped, and the payment then due was made March 2, 1859. The builders ceased work after the shaft itself was 56 feet 10 inches above the line at which the top of the step would meet it; this step or base, if completed, was about 12 feet 6 inches above the natural surface. (Total height above ground level—69 feet 4 inches.

30. Ibid.

31. Ibid, p. 22.

32. Ibid, p. 25.

33. Ibid.

34. Stockwell, Private Elisha Stockwell Sees the Civil War, pp. 155-156.

35. W.E. Pedrick, New Orleans As It Is (Cleveland: William W. Williams, 1885), pp. 14, 15.

36. The Picayune, January 18, 1891, as reprinted in The Picayune's Guide to New Orleans (New Orleans: The Picayune, ca. 1894).

37. Times-Democrat, August 23, 1890.

38. Huber, Monument, p. 26. Confederate Veteran, 1902, p. 535.

39. Other members were Mrs. R. C. Hadden, Mrs. Felicite Cayoso Tennent, Mrs. Lelia M. Harper, Mrs. V. A. Fowler, Mrs. Lelia Forman, Mrs. George A. Rice, and Mrs. Dora A. Miller. Huber, Monument, p. 26.

40. Ibid.

41. Ibid.

42. Confederate Veteran, 1902, p. 535. Soon after the Louisiana Society United States Daughters 1776 and 1812 was organized the members erected a small stone monument near what is today the southwest corner of the Chalmette Unit. Located some distance behind the remnant of Rodriquez Canal, the loving cup-shaped monument memorializes the role of Samuel Spotts in the New Orleans campaign. On its east face is inscribed:


43. Facts About Chalmette Monument And Its Caretakers, The Louisiana Society USD 1776 And 1812 (Np, Nd) p. 8.

44. Huber, Monument, p. 26.

45. Confederate Veteran, 1902, p. 535.

46. Huber, Monument, p. 28.

47. Ibid.

48. Ibid.

49. Ibid.; Confederate Veteran, 1902, p. 535.

50. Huber, Monument, p. 29.

51. Alfred F. Theard, "Work on Completing Chalmette Monument," Association of Engineering Societies. XLIII (September, 1909), p. 89.

52. U. S. Congress. House. A bill to accept from the State of Louisiana a cession of territory known as the "Chalmette Monument Place," in the parish of Saint Bernard, of that State, and to provide for the completion of the monument thereon, and for other purposes. H. Report No. 4950. 59 Cong., 1 sess., June 16, 1906.

53. Fortier, Louisiana, I, 196.

54. Huber, Monument, p. 29

55. Theard, "Work of Completing Chalmette Monument," pp. 91-93.

56. Ibid; Huber, Monument, p. 31.

57. Ibid., p. 30.

58. Ibid., pp. 31, 33; Louis Torres, Tuckahoe Marble: The Rise and Fall of an Industry, 1802-1930 (Harrison, New York: Harbor Hill Books, 1976), p. 38.

59. Ibid.

60. Ibid.

61. Theard, "Work of Completing Chalmette Monument," pp. 98, 99.

62. Ibid., p. 93.

63. Huber, Monument, p. 34.

64. New Orleans Item-Tribune, March 2, 1911.

65. New Orleans Times-Democrat, ca. March 10, 1911. Vertical File, Louisiana Collection, Tulane University Library.

66. New Orleans Morning Star, January 16, 1915.

67. Huber, Monument, p. 35.

68. Ibid., p. 36.

69. Natural Military Park, National Park, Battlefield Site and National Monument Regulations. (Washington: Office of the Quartermaster General, 1931), p. 70.

70. Times-Picayune, June 15, 1930.

71. Times-Picayune, September 17, 1930.

72. Times-Picayune, June 5, 1931.

73. Huber, Monument, p. 36.

74. Item-Tribune, January 8, 1933, p. 12.

75. Picayune's Guide to New Orleans, n.p.

76. Battle of New Orleans Scrapbook, pp. 101, 119.

77. Item-Tribune, January 8, 1933.

78. Battle of New Orleans Scrapbook, pp. 91, 92.

79. Battle of New Orleans Sesquicentennial Celebration, 1815-1965.

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Last Updated: 05-Sep-2004