The First Maryland Regiment charging the
British Guard at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse.
A reproduction by F.E. Buffmire from a painting by F.C. Yohn.
"Another such victory would destroy the British Army."
CHARLES JAMES Fox.
THE BATTLE OF GUILFORD COURTHOUSE, fought March 15,
1781, marked the beginning of the end of the Revolutionary struggle. It
was a British victory, but a victory which left the enemy so weak that
it caused them to lose the campaign in the Southern Coloniesa
victory that started the armies of Cornwallis on the road to Yorktown
Inscribed on the Nathanael Greene monument in the
park is this statement on the significance of the battle by C. Alphonso
In the maneuvering that preceded it, in the strategy
that compelled it, in the heroism that signalized it, and in the results
that flowed from it, the Battle of Guilford Court House is second to no
battle fought on American soil. Over the brave men who fell here their
comrades marched to ultimate victory at Yorktown, and the cause of
constitutional self-government to assured triumph at Philadelphia. To
officer and private, to Continental soldier and volunteer militiaman,
honor and award are alike due. They need neither defense nor eulogy but
only just recognition. . . .
The Southern Campaign
The campaign climaxed by the Battle of Guilford
Courthouse began more than 2 years earlier. In 1778, with the war
approaching a stalemate in the North, the British authorities adopted a
new plan to transfer operations to the South, an area relatively
untouched by the war up to that time. They planned to overrun the
Southern Colonies successively from Georgia northward in the belief that
little more than a parade of British might would be necessary to restore
those Colonies to normal relations with the Crown.