A. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
1. Records of the Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories ("Hayden Survey"), Record Group 57. Letters Received 1867-79. Reproduced as National Archives Microfilm Publication M623.
Baird, Spencer, to F. V. Hayden. Oct. 29, Nov. 10, 1870; June 16, 1871 (M623, roll 2, frames 42, 47, 119).
Barlow, John W., to F. V. Hayden. June 3, June 17, Nov. 9, 1871; Jan. 13, Jan. 17, 1872 (M623, roll 2, frames 117-8, 129-30, 170-1, 293-4, 299-300).
Belknap, William H., to Commanding Officers of Posts on Route of the Geological Explorations by Professor Hayden. Mar. 25, 1871 (M623, roll 14, frame 319).
Crofutt, George A., to F. V. Hayden. Feb. 19, 1872 (M623, roll 2, frame 379).
Gildess, R. W., to F. V. Hayden. Sept. 11, 1871 (M623, roll 2, frames 143-4).
Hancock, Winfield S., to F. V. Hayden. May 26, 1871 (M623, roll 14, frames 375-6).
Hayden, F. V., to Lt. Gen. P. H. Sheridan. May 27, 1871 (M623, roll 14, frame 339); to Columbus Delano, June 8, July 18, Aug. 8, Aug. 28, Sept. 9, 1871 (not on microfilm).
Heap, David P., to F. V. Hayden. Nov. 7, 1871 (M623, roll 2, frame 167).
Hildegarth, J. E., to F. V. Hayden. Oct. 30, 1871 (M623, roll 2, frames 160-1).
Jackson, William H., to F. V. Hayden. Aug. 1, 1870 (not on microfilm).
Moran, Thomas, to F. V. Hayden. Mar. 11, 1872 (M623, roll 2, frames 468-70).
Nettleton, A. B., to F. V. Hayden. June 7, June 16, Oct. 27, 1871 (M623, roll 2, frames 120-2, 127-8, 155).
Stevenson, James, to Prof. J. D. Butler. Feb. 28, 1886 (not on microfilm).
a. Letters Received, Fort Ellis, Mont.
Camp, E. M., to Gen. Alfred Sully. July 5, 1870.
Gibbon, John, to Maj. B. M. Baker. July 1, 1870.
Green, O. D., to Col. John Gibbon (telegram). Nov. 16, 1870.
Hancock, Winfield S., to Col. John Gibbon (telegram). Aug. 15, 1870.
b. Letters Received, District of Montana.
3. Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior, Record Group 48.a. Letters Sent, Patents and Miscellaneous Division.
Delano, Columbus, to F. V. Hayden. May, 1871. (vol. 6.)
b. Letters Received, Lands and Railroads Division.
4. Records of the U.S. House of Representatives, Record Group 233.42d Congress, 2d session. Original House Bills. House Bill 764.
"Original Statutes of the United States, 1871-72, 2d session, 42d Congress," part I, ch. xxiv.
Wilkinson, James, to Thomas Jefferson. Oct. 12, 1805. Papers of Thomas Jefferson.
1. Park Archives.
Folsom, David E., to Capt. George L. Anderson. Apr. 28, 1894. Letters
2. Park Reference Library.
Cook, Charles W. "Remarks of C. W. Cook, Last Survivor of the
Original Explorers of the Yellowstone Park Region, on the Occasion of
His Second Visit to the Park in 53 years, During the Celebration of the
Park's Golden Anniversary." Official transcript, July 14, 1922.
3. Park Files.
Burlingame, Merrill G., to Librarian. Feb. 15, 1970.
Doane, Gustavus C., to Gen. H . D. Washburn. Aug. 12, 1870. Hauser
Doane, Gustavus C. "Official Report of the Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition into the Upper Yellowstone in 1870." Original MS, Dec. 15, 1870.
1. Northern Pacific Railroad Papers. Secretary, Series 2,
2. _____. Letter Book of the President, vol. 1.
Cooke, Henry D., to Jay Cooke. June 2, 1870.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. "Journal History."
Hauser, Samuel T. "Diary . . . Aug. 17 to Sept. 4, 1870." MS No.
Thomas Moran Papers.
Norris, Philetus W. "The Great West . . . Letter No. 4, Hell Gate,
Montana Ty., Aug. 16th, 1870." Clipped from the Norris, Mich.,
Suburban, n.d. Scrapbook No. 1.
Taylor, Chloe, to her daughter. May 3, 1871. Original in possession of James Taylor Dunn, former Librarian, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.
Barlow, John W., and David P. Heap. "Sketch of the Yellowstone Lake and the Valley of the Upper Yellowstone River." Drawn by Emil Heubach, Feb. 28, 1872. Head quarters map file, Q 181, records of the Office of the Chief of Engineers, Record Group 77, National Archives.
Blaine, John E. "Map of the Territory of Montana to Accompany the Report of the Surveyor General . . . 1871." Old map file, Mont. 5, Records of the Bureau of Land Management, Record Group 49, National Archives.
Clark, William. "A Map of Part of the Continent of North America . . . Compiled from the information of the best informed travellers through that quarter of the Globe . . ." MS no. 303-IV, Coe Collection, Beinecke Library, Yale University.
deLacy, Walter W. "Map of the Territory of Montana with Portions of the Adjoining Territories, Showing the Gulch or Placer diggings actually worked and districts where Quartz (Gold & Silver) Lodes have been discovered up to January 1865." Montana State Historical Society, Helena.
_____. Map of the Territory of Montana with Portions of the Adjoining Territories . . . St. Louis: Hutawa; New York: Rae; and Baltimore: Fridenwald, 1865.
_____. "Map of the Territory of Montana with Portions of the Adjoining Territories . . . 1866." Montana State Historical Society, Helena.
_____. Map of the Territory of Montana, with Portions of the Adjoining Territories. New York: G. W. & C. B. Colton, 1870.
DeSmet, Pierre-Jean. "Chart of the Head of Yellow Stone." Drawn by James Bridger. Jesuit Archives, Missouri Province. IX: Desmetiana. C-B: Atlas, No. 10. St. Louis University.
_____. [Untitled map 1. Jesuit Archives, Missouri Province. IX: DeSmetiana. C-B: Atlas, No. 5, St. Louis University.
Doane, Gustavus C. "Map of the Route of the Yellowstone Expedition, Escort Commanded by Lieut. G. C. Doane, U.S.A., September 1870." Headquarters map file, Q 329-30, Records of the Office of the Chief of Engineers, Record Group 77, National Archives.
Hayden, Ferdinand V. "Yellowstone National Park." Compiled and drawn by E. Hergesheimer, 1871. Records of the Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, Record Group 57, National Archives.
Hood, Washington. "Map exhibiting the practicable passes of the Rocky Mountains; together with the Topographical features of the country adjacent to the headwaters of the Missouri, Yellowstone, Salmon, Lewis and Colorado Rivers . . . 1839." Head quarters map file, U.S. 110, Records of the Office of the Chief of Engineers, Record Group 77, National Archives.
Raynolds, William F. "U.S. War Department Map of the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers and their Tributaries explored by Capt. W. F. Raynolds TopI. Engrs. and 1st Lt. H. E. Maynardier 10th Infy, Assistant, 1859-60, to accompany a report to the Bureau of Topographical Engineers, Lt. Col. Bache in Charge." Headquarters map file, Q 106-1, Records of the Office of the Chief of Engineers, Record Group 77, National Archives.
Surveyor General of Montana. "Map of the Territory of Montana to Accompany the Report of the Surveyor General . . . 1869." Old map file, Mont. 2, Records of the Bureau of Land Management, Record Group 49, National Archives.
Washburn, Henry D. "Route of Washburn's party 1870, being a tracing of map made to accompany Washburn's report to Dept. of Interior." Park Reference Library, Yellowstone National Park.
Allen, E. T., and Arthur L. Day. Hot Springs of the Yellowstone National Park. Carnegie Institution Pub. No. 466. Washington, 1935.
Barlow, John W., and David P. Heap. Report of a Reconnaissance of the Basin of the Upper Yellowstone in 1871. Senate Executive Documents, 42d Cong., 2d Sess., No. 66 (1872).
Carter, Clarence E., ed. The Territorial Papers of the United States 13. Washington 1948.
Congressional Globe. 42d Cong., 2d Sess., 1871-72.
Congressional Record. 47th Cong., 2d Sess., 1882-83.
Cramton, Louis C. Early History of Yellowstone National Park and Its Relation to National Park Policies. Washington, 1932.
Doane, Gustavus C. Report of Lieutenant Gustavus C. Doane upon the So-called Yellowstone Expedition of 1870. Senate Executive Documents, 41st Cong., 3d Sess., No. 51(1871).
Hayden, Ferdinand V. Preliminary Report of the United States Geological Survey of Montana and Portions of Adjoining Territories, Being o Fifth Annual Report of Progress. Washington, 1872.
_____. Sixth Annual Report of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories . . . for the Year 1872. Washington, 1873.
_____. Twelfth Annual Report of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories . . .for the Year 1878. Washington, 1883.
Jones, William A. Report upon the Reconnaissance of Northwestern Wyoming, including Yellowstone National Park, Made in the Summer of 1873. Washington, 1875.
Mullan, John. Report on the Construction of a Military Road from Walla Walla to Fort Benton. Washington, 1863.
Norris, Philetus W. Report upon the Yellowstone National Park to the Secretary of the Interior for the Year 1878. Washington, 1879.
_____. Annual Report of the Superintendent of the Yellowstone National Park, to the Secretary of the Interior, for the Year 1880. Washington, 1881.
_____. Fifth Annual Report of the Superintendent of the Yellowstone National Park . Washington, 1881.
Raymond, Rossiter W. Mineral Resources of the Stales and Territories. Washington, 1869.
Raynolds, William F. The Report of Brevet Brigadier General W. F. Raynolds on the Exploration of the Yellowstone and the Country Drained by That River. Senate Executive Documents, 40th Cong., 1st Sess., No. 77 (1868).
United States. Statutes at Large. 13 Stat. 325 (Act of June 30, 1864).
United States Congress. House of Representatives. Reports of Committees, 42d Cong., 2d Sess., No. 26 (1872).
_____. House Executive Documents, 45th Cong., 2d Sess., No. 75 (1878).
Anonymous, by newspaper.
Avant Courier (Bozeman, Mont.)
Daily Morning Chronicle (Washington, D.C.)
Daily Oregonian (Portland, Oreg.)
Daily Territorial Enterprise (Virginia City, Nov.)
Deseret Evening News (Salt Lake City, Utah)
Evening Star (Washington, D.C.)
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper
Frontier Index (Fort Sanders, D. T.)
Frontier Index (Green River, D. T.)
Frontier Index (Julesburg, Nebr.)
Frontier Index (Laramie, D. T.)
Helena Daily Herald (Montana)
Helena Weekly Herald (Montana)
Idaho Democrat (Boise City)
Livingston Enterprise (Montana)
Montana Post (Virginia City)
New North-West (Deer Lodge, Mont.)
New York Herald
New York Times
New York Tribune
Niles Register (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Philadelphia Gazette and Daily Advertizer (Pennsylvania)
Pioneer Press (St. Paul, Minn.)
Press (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Rocky Mountain Daily Gazette (Helena, Mont.)
Rocky Mountain News (Denver, Colo.)
Rocky Mountain Weekly Gazette (Helena, Mont.)
St. Louis Review (Missouri)
San Francisco Chronicle
Virginia City Tri-Weekly Post (Montana)
Wasp (Nauvoo, Ill.)
Weekly Independent (Helena, Mont.)
Barlow, John W. "Natural Wonders." Chicago Evening Journal, Jan. 13, 1872.
Clawson, C. C. "Notes on the Way to Wonderland, or, a Ride to the Infernal Regions." New North-West (Deer Lodge, Mont.), Sept. 9, 1871, to Feb. 24, 1872.
Davis, John C. "Yellowstone Park." Courier-Journal (Louisville, Ky.), Apr. 13, 1884.
Elliott, Henry. "Great Soda Mountain and Jupiter's Baths, in the Yellowstone Region." Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, Sept. 31, 1871.
Fisher, James. "The Idea of a Wilderness." Listener (London), Apr. 26, 1962.
Hedges, Cornelius. "Mount Everts." Helena Daily Herald (Mont.), Oct. 8, 1870.
_____. "The Great Falls of the Yellowstone, A Graphic Picture of Their Grandeur and Beauty." Helena Daily Herald, Oct. 15, 1870.
_____. "Hell-Broth Springs." Helena Daily Herald, Oct. 19, 1870.
_____. "From Montana." Springfield Weekly Republican (Mass.), Oct. 21, 1870.
_____. "Pictures of the Yellowstone Country-Sulphur Mountain and Mud Volcano." Helena Daily Herald, Oct. 27, 1870.
_____. "Yellowstone Lake." Helena Daily Herald, Nov. 9, 1870.
_____. "Yellowstone Lake," Independence Conservative (Iowa), Dec. 7, 1870.
Sunderlee, Charles R. "A Thrilling Event on the Yellowstone." Helena Daily Herald, May 18, 1870.
Trumbull, Walter. "Yellowstone Expedition." Rocky Mountain Weekly Gazette (Helena, Mont.), Oct. 3, 1870.
_____. "Yellowstone Papers-No. 1." Rocky Mountain Daily Gazette (Helena, Mont.), Oct. 18, 1870.
_____. "Yellowstone Papers-No. 2." Rocky Mountain Daily Gazette, Oct. 19, 1870.
_____. "Yellowstone Papers." Rocky Mountain Weekly Gazette, Oct . 24, 31, 1870.
American Forests 41 (Sept. 1935): 416-539 [Conservation series].
Cook, Charles W. "The Valley of the Upper Yellowstone." Western Monthly 4 (July 1870): 60-7.
_____. "Preliminary Statement to the Cook-Folsom Diary." Haynes Bulletin (December 1922): 7-8.
_____. "Reconstructed Diary of the Cook-Folsom Expedition in 1869 to the Yellowstone Region." Haynes Bulletin (January, February, May 1923): 1 & 9, 8, 7.
Cooper, Suzanne T. "Summertime Revisited." American Heritage 14 (June 1963): 35-49.
deLacy, Walter W. "A Trip up the South Snake River in 1863." Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana 1 (1876): 113-43.
Everts, Truman C. "Thirty-seven Days of Peril." Scribner's Monthly 3 (November 1871): 1-17.
_____. "Thirty-seven Days of Peril." Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana 5 (1904): 395-427.
Ferris, Warren Angus. "Rocky Mountain Geysers." Western Literary Messenger 2 (July 13, 1842): 12-3.
_____. "Life in the Rocky Mountains." Western Literary Messenger 3 (Jan. 6, 1844): 196.
Folsom, David E. "The Folsom-Cook Exploration of the Upper Yellowstone in the Year 1869." Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana 5 (1904): 349-94.
Haines, Aubrey L. "The Bridge That Jack Built." Yellowstone Nature Notes 21 (January-February 1947): 1-4.
_____. "McGuirk's Medicinal Springs." Yellowstone Nature Notes 21 (March-April 1947): 22-3.
_____, ed. "William Peterson's Reminiscences." The Yellowstone Interpreter 2 (September-October 1964): 55-61.
Hayden, Ferdinand V. "The Yellowstone National Park." The American Journal of Science and Arts 3 (April 1872): 294-7.
_____. "Wonders of the West-II; More About the Yellowstone." Scribner's Monthly 3 (February 1872): 388-96.
Hedges, Cornelius. "An Account of a Trip to Fort Benton in October 1865, with Acting Governor Thomas F. Meagher to Treat with the Blackfeet Indians." Rocky Mountain Magazine 1 (November 1900): 155-8.
_____. "Journal of Judge Cornelius Hedges." Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana 5 (1904): 370-94.
Huth, Hans. "Yosemite: the Story of an Idea." Sienna Club Bulletin 33 (March 1948): 47-78.
Jashemski, Wilhelmina. "Pompeii." Natural History 73 (December 1964): 30-41.
Kuppens, Francis Xavier. "The Origin of the Yellowstone National Park." The Wood stock Letters 26 (1897): 400-2.
_____. "Thomas Francis Meagher, Montana Pioneer." Mid-America, An Historical Review 14 (October 1931): 127-40.
_____. "On the Origin of the Yellowstone National Park." The Jesuit Bulletin 41 (October 1962): 6-7, 14.
Langford, Nathaniel P. "Wonders of the Yellowstone." Scribner's Monthly 2 (May-June 1871): 113-28.
Matthews, Albert. "The Word Park in the United States." Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts 8 (April 1904): 373-99.
Mueller, Oscar O. "Yellowstone Map Drawn in 1870 Shows Cook & Folsom Route of 1869." Haynes Bulletin (March 1924): 2-3.
Munson, Lyman E. "Pioneer Life in Montana." Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana 5 (1904): 200-34.
Nash, Roderick. "The American Wilderness in Historical Perspective." Forest History 6 (winter 1963): 2-13.
"Notes." The Nation 14 (Mar. 7, 1872): 153.
[Potts, Daniel T.]. "Early Yellowstone and Western Experiences." Yellowstone Nature Notes 21 (September-October 1947): 49-56.
Trumbull, Walter. "The Washburn Yellowstone Expedition." Overland Monthly 6 (May-June 1871): 431-7, 489-96.
Thoreau, Henry David. "Chesuncook." The Atlantic Monthly 2 (August 1858): 305-17.
Wheeler, Olin D. "The Late James Gemmell." Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana 2 (1896): 331-6.
_____. "James W. Taylor: A Biographical Sketch." Minnesota Historical Bulletin 1 (Nov. 4, 1915).
Alter, J. Cecil. James Bridger, Trapper, Frontiersman, Scout and Guide. Columbus, Ohio, 1951.
Black, Walter J. The Best of Ralph Waldo Emerson. New York, 1941.
Camp, Charles L., ed. James Clyman, American Frontiersman, 1792-1881. San Francisco, 1928.
Carruth, Gordon, ed. Encyclopedia of American Facts and Dates. 2d ed. New York, 1959.
Catlin, George. Letters and Notes on the Manners, Customs, and Conditions of the North American Indians 1. New York, 1842.
Chittenden, Hiram M. The American Fur Trade of the Far West 3. New York, 1902.
_____. The Yellowstone National Park. Cincinnati, 1895.
_____. The Yellowstone National Park. Ed. by Richard Bartlett. Norman, Okla., 1964.
Chittenden, Hiram M., and Alfred T. Richards, eds. Life, Letters and Travels of Father Pierre-Jean DeSmet, S. J., 1801-1873.
Clark, Ella E. Indian Legends from the Northern Rockies. Norman, Okla., 1966.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo. "Nature" (1844). In Harvard Classics 5. New York, 1910.
Everts, Truman C. Thirty-seven Days of Peril; A Narrative of the Early Days of the Yellowstone. San Francisco, 1923.
Ferris, Warren Angus. Life in the Rocky Mountains, 1830-1835. Ed. by Auerback & Alter. Salt Lake City, 1940.
_____. Life in the Rocky Mountains, 1830-1835. Ed. by P. C. Phillips. Denver, 1940.
Gerrish, Theodore. Life in the World's Wonderland. Biddeford, Maine, 1887.
Goetzmann, William H. Exploration and Empire. New York, 1966.
Gunnison, J. W. The Mormons, or, Latter-Day Saints. Philadelphia, 1852.
Haines, Aubrey L., ed. The Valley of the Upper Yellowstone. Norman, Okla., 1965.
Hafen, LeRoy R. Broken Hand: The Life Story of Thomas Fitzpatrick, Chief of the Mountain Men. Denver, 1931.
_____, ed. The Mountain Men and The Fur Trade of the Fan West 2. Glendale, Calif., 1965. Hamilton, William T. My Sixty Years on the Plains. Columbus, Ohio, 1951.
Hampton, H. Duane. How the U.S. Cavalry Saved Our National Parks. Bloomington and London, 1971.
Humphreville, James L. Twenty Years Among the Hostile Indians. New York, 1903.
Kelley, William D. The New Northwest. An address presented to the American Academy of Music, Philadelphia, June 12, 1871. Published as a pamphlet by D. Wolfe. Copy in the James Hill Library, St. Paul, Minn.
Kennerly, William Clark. Persimmon Hill: A Narrative of Old St. Louis. Norman, Okla., 1948.
Langford, Nathaniel P. Diary of the Washburn Expedition to the Yellowstone and Firehole Rivers in the Year 1870. St. Paul, 1905.
_____, ed. The Folsom-Cook Explorations of the Upper Yellowstone, 1869. St. Paul, 1894.
Laut, Agnes. Conquest of the Great Northwest. New York, 1908.
Leeson, M. A., ed. History of Montana, 1739-1885. Chicago, 1885.
Lewis, Meriwether, and William Clark. History of the Expedition under the Command of Captains Lewis and Clark. 2 vols. Prepared by Nicholas Biddle and Paul Allen. Philadelphia, 1814.
Mattes, Merrill J. Colter's Hell and Jackson's Hole. Yellowstone Park, Wyo., 1962.
Miles, Nelson A. Personal Recollections and Observations of General Nelson A. Miles. Chicago, 1897.
Miller, Joaquin. Illustrated History of the State of Montana. Chicago, 1894.
Norton, Harry J. Wonderland Illustrated; or, Horseback Rides Through the Yellowstone National Park. Virginia City, Mont., 1873.
Peattie, Donald Culross. Green Laurels. New York, 1936.
Richardson, James, ed. Wonders of the Yellowstone. New York, 1873.
Ross, Alexander. The Fur Hunters of the Fan West; A Narrative of Adventures in the Oregon and Rocky Mountains. 1. London, 1855.
Russell, Osborne. Journal of a Trapper, or, Nine Years in the Rocky Mountains, 1834-1843. Ed. by L. A. York. Boise, Idaho, 1914, 1921.
_____. Osborne Russell's Journal of a Trapper. Ed. by Aubrey L. Haines. Portland, Oreg., 1955, and Lincoln, Neb., 1965.
Ruxton, George F. Life in the Far West. Ed. by LeRoy Hafen. Norman, Okla., 1959.
Sharman, Helen G. The Cave on the Yellowstone, or Early Life in the Rockies. Chicago, c1902.
Smalley, Eugene V. History of the Northern Pacific Railroad. New York, 1883.
Standard Historical Society. The Standard History of the World 1. Cincinnati, 1931.
Thoreau, Henry David. "Walking." (1862). In Harvard Classics 28. New York, 1910.
Thwaites, Reuben Gold, ed. The Original Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition 4. New York, 1905.
Ticknor, George. Life, Letters, and Journals of George Ticknor. Boston, 1876.
Topping, Eugene Sayre. The Chronicles of the Yellowstone; An Accurate and Comprehensive History. St. Paul, 1883.
Victor, Francis Fuller. The River of the West. Hartford, Conn., 1870.
Vinton, Stallo. John Colter, Discoverer of Yellowstone Park. New York, 1926.
Wallace, R. C. A Few Memories of a Long Life. Privately printed, 1900.
Ware, Eugene F. The Indian War of 1864. New York, 1960.
Bear, James A., to Julian Boyd. Oct. 29, 1970. Copy to Aubrey Haines. Boyd, Julian, to Dr. Oliver W. Holmes. Oct. 27, 1970. Copy to Aubrey Haines.
Hampton, Harold Duane. "Conservation and Cavalry: A Study of the Role of the United States Army in the Development of a National Park System, 1886-1917." Ph. D. dissertation, University of Colorado, 1965.
Schoenberg, Fr. Wilfred P., to Aubrey Haines. Aug. 13, 1970.