Civil War Defenses of Washington
Historic Resource Study
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FortificationKnown Landowner or their Representative
Fort AlbanyJames Roach and heirs, J.R. Johnson
Battery BaileyShoemaker family
Fort BakerSarah E. Anderson, Ann A.C. Naylor & Susan M. Naylor
Fort BarnardPhilip J. Buckey, Sewall B. Corbettt
Fort BennettWm. B. Ross, Attorney John H. Bogue, B.B. Lloyd
Fort BerrySewall B. Corbettt
Blockhouse south of Fort EllsworthElizabeth Studds' heirs, George Studds
Blockhouse between Fort Ellsworth & Fort Lyon, also batteryHenry Studds
Fort Bunker HillHenry Quinn
Fort C.F. SmithThomas Jewell
Battery CameronJ.H. Phillips
Fort CarrollFenwick Young
Fort CassMary Randolph Lee, United States Government
Fort ChaplinSelby B. Scaggs
Fort CravenSelby B. Scaggs
Fort CorcoranWilliam H. Ross
Fort CraigSeptimus Brown, Samuel Carison (Causen??), ____ Elliot
Fort DavisMajor Sayles J. Bowen, Daniel F. Lee
Fort DeRussyB.T. Swart
Fort DupontMichael Caton
Fort EllsworthHenry Rozier Dulany, Rebecca Ann Dulany
Fort Ethan AllenStephen & Mrs. E.M. Meredith
Fort FooteFrancis W. Rozier & wife, Mrs. M.A. Hill,, Benedict Edelin
Fort GainesWilliam A.T. Maddox & Mr. Loughborough
Battery Garesche & nearby BlockhouseMargeret B. Dangerfield
Fort GrebleWilliam Berry, Thomas M. Berry, Trustee, John C. McFerron, Lucien and Miss Eliza Berry
Fort HagertyOwen & Mary Murray and heirs, Thomas Cozar, Guardian
Battery JamesonJohn Veitch
Fort KearneyJohn Magee
Battery KembleWilliam A.T. Maddox
Fort LincolnJohn Veitch
Fort MansfieldThomas Dean family, Samuel Shoemaker
Fort MarcyGilbert Vanderwerken
Fort MartinScott James Weaver, C & O Canal Co.
Fort MeigsMrs. Stow, Mr. Joseph Trimble
Battery ParrottEllen J. King, John H. King
Battery PennJohn Collins
Fort RenoGiles Dyer, Mrs. [James C.] Dyer, Miles Dyer,
Fort ReynoldsGeorge W. Chase, L.E. Chittenden, Edward B. Powell, Mary Walker
Fort RickettsJ.H. Smith, George Washington Talburtt
Battery RodgersSamuel O. Bogot, Manassas Gap Railroad
Fort RunyonJames Roach and heirs
Fort SaratogaJohn B. Kibbey, William. Kibbey, Executor, Ann McDaniels
Fort ScottL.E. Chittenden, Hunter family
Fort SedgwickJohn Kennedy
Fort SimmonsS.F. & L. Burrows, Charles Shoemaker
Fort SlemmerHenry Douglass
Fort SlocumJohn F. Callan, L.E. Chittenden, Mary Walker
Battery SmeadeB.T. Swart
Fort SnyderJoseph T. Jenkins, Thomas Jenkins, ( Z?)Badcock Williams
Fort StantonGeorge Washington Talburtt
Fort StevensEmory Chapel or Emory Methodist Church, Elizabeth Thomas (?)
Fort StrongThomas Dawson, Allen Pearce
Fort SumnerAlbert Lodge
Fort ThayerCharles B. Calvert, Executor
Fort TillinghastColumbus Alexander
Fort TottenGeorge Thomas
Battery VermontUnited States Government
Fort WagnerJudson Richardson
Fort WhippleMary Randolph Lee, United States Government
Fort WilliamsSamuel Cooper, Willam Silvey, George A. Smith, John Williams
Fort WilliardSamuel R. Johnson, Josiah Willard
Fort WoodburyJohn Lambden
Fort WorthWilliam Silvey [1]

1Information in this appendix was found in the following sources: Reed Hansen, "Civil War to Civil Concern: A History of Fort Marcy, Virginia." M.A. thesis in History, George Mason University, 1973, 13-14; National Archives and Records Administration, Archives I, Record Group 92, Records of the Office of the Quartermaster General (hereafter referred to as RG92), Special Files, 1794-1926, Entry 225, Consolidated Correspondence File, 1794-1890, "De Russy, Fort (1865-66)," "Defenses of Washington, DC," "Ethan Allen, Fort (VA) (1864)," "Greble, Fort (MD, 1869)," "Fort Reno, DC, 1863-," "Slocum, Fort - D.C."; National Archives and Records Administration, Archives I, Record Group 77, Records of the Office of the Chief of Engineers (hereafter referred to as RG77), Records of Detached Engineer Officers, Defenses of Washington, 1861-66, Entry 574, Land Releases, 1865, including "Defenses of Washington, List of transfers of Public property as compensation for damages and releases by the Claimants," December 16, 1865"; National Archives and Records Administration, Archives I, Record Group 29, Records of the Bureau of the Census, Microcopy 653, Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 [hereafter referred to as M653], Rolls 102-104; Wynn E. Withans, "Preservation Plan for Fort C.F. Smith," Plan 830 (January 1986) [Found in Fort Ward, Cooling Papers, Research Files, "Mr. Lincoln's Forts" Box 2 of 2, folder marked Fort C.F. Smith], 7; Ruth Ward, "Life in Alexandria County During the Civil War," The Arlington Historical Society Journal, VII, (October 1984), 3; Dorthea Abbott, Historian, to Gail Baker, Chairman, HALRB, September 20, 1990, Subject: History of the Hendry property, in Arlington County Central Library, Virginia Room, Vertical File, Civil War Forts–Fort C.F. Smith; Fort Myer Post, The History of Fort Myer, Virginia, 100th Anniversary Issue, June 1863, 1-2; A Narrative History of Fort Myer Virginia [1954?] Falls Church, VA: Litho-Print Press, n.d., 1; Benjamin Franklin Cooling, III, and Walton H. Owen, II. Mr. Lincoln's Forts: A Guide to the Civil War Defenses of Washington. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Publishing Company, 1988, 64; Judith Beck Helm, Tenleytown, D. C.: Country Village into City Neighborhood (Washington, DC: Tennally Press, 1981), 97, 113, 119; Fort Ward, Cooling Papers, Research Files, "Mr. Lincoln's Forts" Box 1 of 2, 2nd folder; Washington at Home, 82-83; RG92, Central Records, Claims, 1839-1914, Claims Registers and Claims, 1839-1901, Miscellaneous Claims, Entry 843, Claims and Related Papers for Damage to Property by Troops in the Service of the United States, 1861-65, #189; RG92, Claims, 1839-1914,Claims Branch, 1861-1870, Document File, Quartermaster Stores, Rent, Services and Miscellaneous Claims, Entries 797 and 812, Civil War Claims, D–1393, H–3817 and 54– 1417; National Archives and Records Administration, Archives I, Record Group 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1700's to 1917 (hereafter referred to as RG94), Military Reservation Division, Early 1800's-1916, Entry 464, Reservation File, Early 1800's-1916, "Fort Foote"; RG77, Entry 18, Letters Received, 1826-66, SW4579, L.H.T. to B.T. Swart; RG77, entry 171, Land Papers, 1794-1916, District of Columbia; Philip W. Ogilvie, "Elizabeth Thomas (1821-1917), multi-page document of events in her life and reproduction of numerous published accounts about her (1998); Benjamin Franklin Cooling, Jubal Early's Raid On Washington 1864 (Baltimore, MD: The Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1989), 132, 134; Benjamin Franklin Cooling, Symbol, Sword, and Shield: Defending Washington During the Civil War, Second Edition (Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Publishing Company, 1991), 80; Cooling and Walton, Mr. Lincoln's Forts, 159; Cramer, John Henry Cramer, Lincoln Under Enemy Fire: The Complete Account of His Experiences During Early's Attack on Washington, (Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1948), 24-25; William Van Zandt Cox, The Defenses of Washington–General Early's Advance on the Capital and the Battle of Fort Stevens, July 11 and 12, 1864. (Washington, 1907?), 4; Program for the Commorative Ceremony on The One Hundreth Anniversary of the Battle of Fort Stevens at Fort Stevens, Washington, D.C., 2:00 o'clock, July 11, 1964 (1964), "Aunt Betty," 2 pages; U.S., Congress, Senate, Committee on the District of Columbia. Park Improvement Papers: A Series of Twenty Papers Relating to the Improvement of Park System of the District of Columbia, No. 4, Fort Stevens, Where Lincoln Was Under Fire by William V. Cox (Washington, D.C.: The Government Printing Office, 1901), 2; #A2298, Major D.C. Houston to Brevet Major General Andrew A. Humphreys, Chief of Engineers, May 11, 1869; #A3624, William P. Craighill to Chief of Engineers, May 13, 1870; and #A3557, Samuel O. Bogot to Chief of Engineers, April 20, 1870; Entry 36, Letters Received ("A File"), November 1867-November 1870, Correspondence Relating To Fortifications, Correspondence of Office Divisions, 1865-70, Records of the Central Office, RG77; Entry 36, Letters Received ("A File"), November 1867-November 1870, Correspondence Relating To Fortifications, Correspondence of Office Divisions, 1865-70, Records of the Central Office, RG77; "The Rambler" column, The Sunday Star, May 21, 1916–Part 4, page 7 and June 4, 1916–Part 4, page 6; Alan Virta, Prince George's County: A Pictorial History (Virginia Beach, VA: The Donning Company Publishers, 1984 & 1991), 121, 125; Anne Ciprani Webb, "Fort Strong on Arlington Heights," The Arlington Historical Magazine, 5 (October 1973), 34-39; Roy C. Brewer, "Fort Scott–Past, Present, and Future," The Arlington Historical Magazine, 3 (October 1965), 40- 47; Jan Magnusson, "Fort Scott," The Arlington Historical Magazine, 2 (October 1964), 37-47; T. Michael Miller, "Jones Point: Haven of History," The Historical Society of Fairfax County, Virginia Yearbook, Volume 21 (1986- 1988), 39-42; T. Michael Miller, "The Saga of Shuter's Hill," The Historical Society of Fairfax County, Virginia, Volume 19, (1983), 80-83; "Alexandria Archaeology Investigates Shuter's Hill (1997), publication of Alexandria Archaeology, pages 1-2.

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Last Updated: 29-Oct-2004