On-line Book
Book Cover
Cover Page


Table of Contents





Brief History

Gila River


Heart Mountain







Tule Lake

Isolation Centers

Add'l Facilities

Assembly Centers

DoJ and US Army Facilities



Appendix A

Appendix B

Appendix C

Confinement and Ethnicity:
Barbed wire divider
An Overview of World War II
Japanese American Relocation Sites

by J. Burton, M. Farrell, F. Lord, and R. Lord

clip art

Chapter 13 (continued)
Tule Lake Relocation Center

Central Fenced Area
Warehouse and Industrial Area

Among numerous more recent buildings, three relocation center buildings remain in the warehouse area. There are Japanese inscriptions in pencil on the interior wall of one of the buildings, now privately owned and used as a shop. The writing, some of which is faded, is entirely in phonetic Japanese. The consistent handwriting suggests that one person wrote the entire text, but the lack of organization suggests the writer did not have later readers in mind (Table 13.1; Figure 13.32).

Portion of pencilled Japanese text on the wall
of a former relocation center warehouse
Figure 13.32. Portion of pencilled Japanese text on the wall
of a former relocation center warehouse.

(photograph courtesy of Lava Beds National Monument)

Table 13.1. Translation of Japanese Text on the Interior Wall
of a Former Warehouse at the Tule Lake Relocation Center.

The world is not governed fairly.

Takahiro (?) Ikeda is a right-winger, is a whit fig.

The imitations in ...

Kill them (us).

Japanized Japanese.

Not a land of God, nor of Buddha, nor of the stars.

Ever since Hojo came in, Tokugawa and Shimazu rule ...

Duke of Simazu.

Maeda ...

Tokisada Hojo's blood ...

God does not live in today's world.

Blue. Red. Blue (young) county.

Not an Asian.

Russia (?) that invaded Japan ... /People of Kagoshima prefecture /People of Nagasaki prefecture /Gandhi of India is ... /Hojo Takashi (?) ...

Sumire (?) Tokugawa /from Nikolaevsk.

(Hojo, Tokugawa, Shimazu, Maeda, and Ikeda are sur names. The Hojo was a clan which ruled Japan during the late Kamakura period. Simazu, Maeda, and Ikeda were famous lords in the feudal Tokugawa (Edo) period. It is likely that those names are symbolically used to mean something or someone else.)

Japan, the country under the sun.

America, the country of stars.

Longing for the stars.



Usami Hachimangu (a shrine's name).

Within the former industrial area, five relocation center buildings are currently being used by the Newell Potato Cooperative. These include the three large industrial warehouses and two smaller warehouses; all have some modification, including the addition of metal roofs and siding (Figure 13.33). Northeast of the industrial area there is a large borrow pit.

Former industrial warehouses at the Tule Lake Relocation Center
Figure 13.33. Former industrial warehouses at the
Tule Lake Relocation Center.

Continued Continue


Last Modified: Fri, Sep 1 2000 07:08:48 pm PDT

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