Harry Yount (Yellowstone National Park collection)
Enigmatic Icon: The Life and Times of Harry Yount
by William R. Supernaugh
Originally published in the Annals of Wyoming: The Wyoming History Journal, Spring 1998 , Vol. 70 No. 2
©1998, Wyoming State Historical Society
The resource protection focus of today's law enforcement Park
Ranger of the U. S. Department of the Interior's National Park
Service (NPS) is, by some historians, traced back to Yellowstone,
the first national park, and one of its earliest employees, Harry
Yount. Today, Harry Yount is securely positioned in the legend and
culture of the Service. Thanks to the efforts of NPS historians
and ephemera collectors, Harry Yount is commemorated and
remembered by the bureau which did not come about until 1916, 35
years after he was employed at Yellowstone.
Best known for the two reports he wrote as Yellowstone's first and
only gamekeeper, Yount's life before and after his brief but
compelling tenure at the Park remains virtually untold. This
article attempts to gather the available references from official
records and the popular literature relating to the NPS into a
single monograph from which more scholarly investigations may, in
time, flesh out the story of the man who lies behind the legend
and myth which has given rise to a figure of heroic proportion.
Little is known about Yount's early years. His given name had,
until recently, been lost and he has been referred to in print
variously as "Harry C. Yount" and "Harry S. Yount."  The most informative look into Yount's personal
history comes from a series of interviews conducted between 1921
and 1924, by Thomas J. Bryant and published in the Annals of
Wyoming.  This is the only known
first-person account of Yount's early life and, while
tantalizingly incomplete, it offers valuable insights into his
According to Bryant's recordings, Harry Yount's family tradition
referred to the arrival of two brothers with the name of
"YOUNKERS" who settled at Younkers (now Yonkers), New York. One of
the brothers, it was said, moved west to Pennsylvania where the
family name underwent a change from Younkers to Yount. Harry
indicated to Bryant that he had a brother who lived in Illinois
and two brothers who had settled in California many years previous
to the interview. Bryant concluded that Harry had lost all contact
with his relatives over the years. 
Family lore aside, nothing has yet been found to substantiate the
early New York ties. Berks County, Pennsylvania appears to be the
ancestral home of the Younts in America who trace their roots back
to Hans George and Anna Maria Jundt who arrived, with four of
their five children, at Philadelphia in 1731, from a village on
the Rhine in Alsace.  The fifth child, Andrew
Yount, arrived in Philadelphia in 1751. His children all migrated
to Randolph County, North Carolina, and are shown as landowners by
the 1780's, joining their cousins whom had made the trip much
earlier. Andrew has been identified as the progenitor of the
Quaker branch of the Yount family; a son, John, migrated to
Missouri, as did his grown children, all of the Quaker faith.
Harry Yount's place of birth is now believed to be Washington
County, Missouri although his exact birth date remains unconfirmed
from public documents. 
Even though 1847 is given as Harry's date of birth in one history
of Wyoming,  Bryant's article speculates that
1837 would be more believable based on his perception of the
physical evidence of aging and talking to residents of Wheatland
who stated he, "...was born in the same year as Grover
Cleveland...", placing his birth in 1837.  The
Census, Army Pension Records and Yount's enlistment papers provide
a more probable birth date of 1839;  Harry
provided March 18 in a 1915 Pension affidavit. These sources show
that "Harry" was christened Henry S., by which he continued to be
officially known during his Army years (1861-1865) and continuing
through his lengthy correspondence with the Bureau of Pensions
between 1898 and 1915.
Washington County, Missouri, lies approximately 40 miles southwest
of St. Louis. The 1850 Census for Harmony Township, Washington
County, Missouri, identifies eleven-year-old Henry, son of David
Yount, as having two older brothers, Caleb and John, still living
at home. This is consistent with the 1840 census for the same
area, which places one male under five and two between 10 and 15
in David's household.  During his youth he
apparently received some education in Missouri as he was shown to
be passably literate in later years.
Harry was a two-time Union veteran of the Civil War, serving first
by enlisting in Co. F, Phelps' Regiment of Missouri Infantry.
During this six-month term of service (November 19,1861 to May 12,
1862), he participated in the events leading to the Battle of
Elkhorn Tavern (Pea Ridge), Arkansas, March 6-8.  On March 5, 1862 he received a leg wound, was
captured, marched to Fort Smith, Arkansas, and held as a prisoner
of war for 28 days before being exchanged. 
Yount, who reenlisted shortly after mustering out of Phelps'
Regiment in May, was enrolled in Co. H, 8th Missouri Cavalry for a
three-year term of service starting on August 9, 1862, in
Springfield, Missouri, and ending on July 20, 1865, in Little
Rock, Arkansas.  The 8th Missouri served in
the border states of Missouri and Arkansas, seeing action in
eleven engagements. Harry rose through the ranks from private to
corporal, then sergeant and, finally, serving as Company
Following the war, he came to Wyoming Territory in 1866 via
Nebraska City, Nebraska, site of the first Fort Kearny, hiring on
as a "bull whacker" for the Army along the Bozeman Trail between
Fort Laramie and Fort C. F. Smith in southern Montana, east and
north of present-day Yellowstone National Park.  This was during a period of unrest on the
frontier and Yount was reportedly engaged in several skirmishes
with the Sioux and Cheyenne while delivering freight. 
He also worked for a time as a buffalo hunter in this general area
of Wyoming.  According to one source, Yount
had worked as a hunter, trapper, guide and scout between his
discharge from the Army in 1865 and his employment at Yellowstone
in 1880. For a number of years he served as a contract hunter for
the Smithsonian Institution, providing specimens of western fauna
for exhibits. 
During a significant portion of this time, Harry Yount had served
as a guide and packer for the Hayden Geological Survey, spending
seven summers in New Mexico, Utah, Arizona, Colorado and Wyoming.
 Between expeditions with Hayden
(approximately 1872-79), Yount spent at least six winters hunting
and trapping the Laramie Range of mountains below Laramie Peak,
where he evidently maintained a cabin. 
Yount never married. He became engaged to Estella Braun prior to
his arrival in Wyoming. Braun, from a farming family in Michigan,
had later relocated to Detroit. She was employed as a telegraph
operator with Western Union. During an expedition to the Four
Corners region in 1867-8, he learned that his fiancé had
been killed while on vacation when her Detroit-bound train was
involved with a collision with another engine. 
Yellowstone National Park's second superintendent, Philetus W.
Norris (1877-82), set the stage for Yount's entry into the annals
of NPS history.  A lack of finds and general
understanding of the remote nature of the area handicapped
Yellowstone's first superintendent. He left in 1877, annoyed at
Congress' failure to adequately fund the park's development.
Norris was more successful in obtaining funds from Congress and an
initial appropriation of $10,000 was made in 1878, followed by an
increase to $15,000 in 1880.  Norris used
$1,000 of this windfall to pay for a year-round position of
"Gamekeeper", which had the exclusive objective of reporting on
the wildlife of Yellowstone National Park and protecting them from
No one claims knowledge as to just how the gamekeeper concept came
about. Clearly, Norris wanted to take action to protect the
wildlife from indiscriminate slaughter; hunting was not regulated
in Yellowstone until 1877 and not prohibited until 1883. He
indirectly proposed the position in his report of 1877 wherein he
suggested establishing a game reserve in the park's northeast
corner, particularly the broad Lamar River valley. 
It is likely that Superintendent Norris' policy of wildlife
protection and management led to the appointment of Harry Yount as
"gamekeeper" in 1880. Although instructed to report to
Superintendent Norris, Yount received his appointment from
Secretary of the Interior Carl Schurz and Henneberger surmises
that the position was created by someone in the Secretary's
Office.  As to why Yount was selected, the
record remains unclear. His past experience, familiarity with the
park and contacts with people integral to the park's exploration
and establishment doubtlessly were factors.
Henneberger speculates that Norris likely first met Yount during
the 1878 Hayden expedition to Yellowstone for which he was listed
as a "wrangler and packer."  Too, as a
long-term temporary employee of the Department of the Interior,
(Hayden's Survey was chartered by the Secretary and later folded
into the U. S. Geological Survey) he may have already been known
within the Interior bureaucracy. 
"Rocky Mountain Harry" Yount has been described as, "... a typical
leatherstocking frontiersman. He was rough, tough, and
intelligent."  After building a winter cabin
in the park in 1880, he became one of the first white men known to
spend time on a year-round basis in Yellowstone. Independent and
resourceful, able to subsist on his own without close supervision,
and having a familiarity and knowledge of the natural processes
surrounding him, Harry Yount has become an archetypal model for
the National Park Ranger. Horace Albright, a founding father and
the second Director of the National Park Service, wrote of Yount,
"After that first winter alone, with only the geysers, the elk and
the other animals for company, Harry Yount pointed out in a report
that it was impossible for one man to patrol the park. He urged
the formation of a ranger force. So Harry Yount is credited with
being the father of the ranger service, as well as the first
national park ranger. 
Harry Yount in the mountains.
Yount, for all that his tenure at Yellowstone spanned a mere 14 months,
left a lasting legacy. His articulate and insightful 1880 "Report of
Gamekeeper" documents his travels through the Park and his general
observations on wildlife and the inability of one person to adequately
protect the park's resources.  He calls for the
establishment of a seasonal workforce to protect the wildlife and other
park resources from the depredation of park visitors; a model that the
NPS follows to this day. In addition to his role as gamekeeper, Yount's
duties included providing meat for the employees, guiding visiting
dignitaries and accompanying Superintendent Norris on his explorations
of the Park.
spent the winter of 1880-81 in his cabin at the confluence of the Lamar
River and Soda Butte Valleys, occasionally joined by one or another of
the park employees wintering over at Mammoth Hot Springs, but generally
alone from November to April.  His second and
final report in September of 1881 documents his natural history and
meteorological observations and summer travels. Also, similar to the one
prepared in 1880, he again calls, "... for a small reliable police force
as the most practical way of seeing that the game is protected from
wanton slaughter, the forests from careless use of fire, and the
enforcement of the other all laws, rules, and regulations for the
protection and improvement of the park."
Superintendent Norris, upon his return to the Park in. the spring of
1881 expressed disappointment in Yount's performance as it pertained to
road maintenance and development, a task upon which Norris apparently
placed high priority.  There was an obvious
difference of opinion as to the worth of the gamekeeper position. Yount
felt that the task of safeguarding the park's wildlife was more than one
person could reasonably be expected to do. During this time, Norris
wrote Secretary of the Interior Schurz, indicating that he was
recommending the position of gamekeeper be discontinued, effective July
1, 1882. He expressed the opinion that Yount, while, "... a sober and
trusty man I should ordinarily hire at regular wages as an excellent
hunter, still he is that and nothing else, being by tastes and habits, a
gameslayer and not a game preserver."
June letter to Schurz, Norris stated he had arranged for Yount to resign
at the end of the season and return to Cheyenne. Indeed, Yount tendered
his resignation in his 1881 Report of Gamekeeper, citing the need to,
"... resume private enterprises now requiring my personal attention."
Yount's life and travels between his departure from Yellowstone in the
fall of 1881 and 1912, when he settled in Wheatland, Platte County,
Wyoming, approximately 70 miles north of Cheyenne, is as yet largely
undocumented.  He lived for a time in Uva, Laramie
County, Wyoming; pension records in his file dated between June, 1891,
and March, 1893, provide his place of residence. Harry reportedly
homesteaded on a tract of land at the foot of Sugar Loaf Mountain and
subsequently sold it to H. M. Small. His obituary reported his nearly 40
years of prospecting in the Laramie Mountains (especially the Bluegrass
District) where he, in conjunction with several partners developed
extensive copper and graphite prospects. His ability to maintain a
modest means of support in his later years is attributed to his
successful development and sale of one claim there. Yount also
discovered and developed a marble quarry west of Wheatland in the 1890s.
 He is reported to have maintained an interest in
prospecting and mineral development up until his death. The Wheatland
Times, May 22, 1924, issue, which reported Yount's death, indicates
that on the day prior to his death, he had been seeking a ride into the
hills west of Wheatland where he believed a gold outcrop lay.
died in Wheatland a little after noon on May 16, 1924. According to
witnesses, he had made his regular morning walk to downtown from his
home in the west part of town, a "modest three room brick building,"
with a frame addition. As he was returning home, "while near the
Lutheran church he was seen ... to sink to the earth where he soon
expired." Yount's death certificate gives the cause of death as,
"Suspended Heart Action" and gives his age as 88; the latter now appears
to be in error and his age was more likely 85. In accordance with the
provisions of his will, drawn up by Mr. Bryant, he was buried in the
Lakeview Cemetery at Cheyenne, "... where all the old timers he used to
know were buried."  His grave, marked by a
military style marble headstone, reads "Q.M.SGT HARRY S. YOUNT CO.H
is gone but his name lives on. Yount (or Younts) Peak, a major peak in
the Absaroka Range located on the east side of the Continental Divide
approximately 20 miles southeast of Yellowstone National Park's
southeast corner is named in commemoration of this legendary
frontiersman.  The headwaters of the Yellowstone
River arise on its flanks and flow into the Park and Yellowstone Lake.
Yount is credited with setting the standards for performance and service
by which the public has come to judge the rangers of today. Now, he
lends his name to a recognition program that honors NPS employees for
the art and science of "rangering." The National Park Service, in 1994,
established the Harry Yount Award, given to individual employees whose,
"... overall impact, record of accomplishments, and excellence in
traditional ranger duties have created an appreciation for the park
ranger profession on the part of the public and other members of the
1 Scoyen, Eivind T. "The Evolution of the
Protection Function." Lecture manuscript dated August 11, 1965, 14.
Scoyen, born at old Fort Yellowstone in 1896, and retiring from the
National Park Service as Associate Director in 1962, often lectured at
the Service's Albright Training Center, Grand Canyon, Arizona, on
aspects of Service history. His notes, apparently incorrect, read "Harry
C. Yount." A published interview with Yount by Thomas Julian Bryant,
"Harry S. Yount," Annals of Wyoming 3(1925-26), 171, is
consistent with other published accounts. Bryant's interview includes a
reference to a slate colored marble or fine granite stone carved into
the shape of a "book" which he was shown by Yount and which was incised,
"Harry S. Yount, Scout and Guide" on the front.
2 Bryant, "Harry S. Yount." Bryant first met
Harry Yount on May 15, 1921, as Harry and two other veterans of the
Civil War were speaking at a program and dinner arranged by a Wheatland,
Wyoming, schoolteacher. The subsequent friendship that grew between the
aged frontiersman and Bryant led to his recording the reminiscences
Yount shared up until his death on May 16, 1924.
3 Henry was the tenth often children born to
David Yount and Catherine Shell. Edith W. Huggins, The Yount (Jundt)
Family in Europe and America (Raleigh, N. C.: Privately printed,
1986), 218. Brothers Caleb (born 1832) and John (born 1835) are shown to
have emigrated to the Napa Valley of California. It is presumed they
joined their uncle, George Calvert Yount, an early California
frontiersman and reportedly the first white man to settle, in 1831, in
the Napa Valley.
4 William C. Yount, A brief sketch of the origin
of the Yount family in America (1936). The relationship of David to John
Yount has been established as son to father by genealogical work
compiled by Edith W. Huggins in her work on this line of the Yount
family. (See footnote 3). David was part of the Quaker immigration from
North Carolina to Missouri. Two Yount families, headed by Ira and
Azariah Yount, lived near David in 1850 (and each with a son, David),
and are two of the older brothers of Henry (Harry). They are buried in a
Quaker Cemetery near Potosi, Washington County, Missouri.
5 Civil War Pension Records file SC 825, 586.
His birth date reads "March 18, 18(unreadable)". Huggins' genealogy of
the Yount family provides a date of March 18, 1839. This is consistent
with both the census records and subsequent military records.
6 History of Wyoming (Chicago: A. W.
Bowen and Company, Publishers, 1903), cited in Bryant.
7 Bryant, 169.
8 The 1850 Washington County, Missouri census
for Harmony Township, conducted December 9, 1850, lists household 1258
as David Yount, a farmer of 55 years of age, born in North Carolina, and
three sons; Caleb age 18, John age 15 and Henry age 11, placing his date
of birth in 1839. The 1840 census again lists David with one son under
the age of one: this is most likely Henry (or Harry).
9 U. S. Census Records, Missouri, 1840
and 1850. We also learn that David Yount was born in North Carolina in
1795 and that he was apparently a widower or living alone by the time
the 1850 census was conducted. David does not appear in the 1860
enumeration for Missouri but his death is given as 1881 in Huggins, with
burial at Lewisburg, Dallas County, Missouri.
10 Civil War Records, National Archives.
The Official Records indicate the 25th, 35th, 36th, 44th, and 59th Ill.;
2d, 3d, 12th, 15th, 17th, 24th, and Phelp's Mo.; 8th, and 22d Ind.; 4th
and 9th Iowa; 3d Iowa Cav.; 3d and 15th Ill. Cav.; 1st, 4th, 5th, and
6th Mo. Cav.; and artillery units from the above states were
represented. Henry S. Yount enlisted in Phelps' Regiment at Rolla,
Missouri October 19, 1861.
11 Yount apparently was troubled by leg
problems ever after. His pension claims cite early damage to both legs
(rheumatism) attributed to his having to march barefoot over the cold,
wet roads to Fort Smith following his capture. Under the provisions of
the Act of June 27, 1890, Harry applied for an Invalid Pension for the
war related injuries to his feet. He was awarded a monthly pension of $6
in November 1892, retroactive to November 1890. This was raised to $12
in July 1900. Under the provisions of the Act of May 11, 1912, Harry
applied for an increased pension and though the records provided by the
National Archives do not indicate if the request was honored, the
Wheatland World reported in January 1913, that Harry's pension
was retroactively increased to $25 per month dating from May 27, 1912.
12 National Archives, Veterans Record; SC
825,586. He enlisted in Capt. Jones' Company (which soon became Co. H)
of the 8th Missouri Cavalry at Lebanon, Missouri on August 9, 1862 as a
Private. He was promoted to Corporal April 14, 1863 and again to
Sergeant, December 9, 1863, On June 13, 1864 he was promoted to Company
Quartermaster Sergeant. Harry mustered out at Little Rock, Arkansas on
July 20, 1965.
13 John W. Henneberger, "The History of the
National Park Ranger," unpublished manuscript, 1959, 24. An earlier
manuscript prepared by Henneberger and which served as a draft of the
larger treatise, "Preserve and Protect," gives the date of 1866, which
appears to have been extracted from Bryant's work.
14 Bryant wrote Harry was involved with Indians
while first working for the Army in Wyoming. In the account he reports a
party of Indians followed his ox-drawn wagon, part of a larger bull
train, from near Fort Laramie to Fort C, F. Smith. By remaining awake
and constantly moving for four days and nights, the train avoided coming
under attack, Harry is reported to have fired his carbine in response to
one Sioux warrior who repeatedly fired upon the train from horseback,
hitting and apparently killing his horse. Yount recounted the danger of
hunting bear and elk in the "early days" due to the activities of
hostile Indians. While believing the Indians would kill him if they
could, he seemed not to blame the Indians for defending what was their
15 Bryant, 168. Bryant relates an episode with
Yount in which he states he had, "killed many buffalo for tourists at
Cheyenne, getting a dollar apiece for buffalo tongues alone." Yount also
restates the national policy of the time regarding the relationship
between the Plains Indians and bison. "He said it was a pity to kill off
the buffaloes, which were here in immense numbers, but it was the only
way to get rid of the Indians, as the buffalo was their main source of
16 Bryant, 168 Yount provided study skins,
including mountain lions and "pheasant." The latter likely refer to
sharp-tailed or sage grouse inasmuch as the ringneck pheasant was not
established in Wyoming until the 1880's. Citing Yount's previous work
collecting specimens of wild animals for the Smithsonian as part of the
Hayden Expedition, Spencer F. Baird of the Smithsonian Institution
contacted Yount in October, 1875. A long list of Rocky Mountain mammal
specimens was requested for use in the Centennial Exposition in
Philadelphia the following year. (Smithsonian Institution Archives,
personal correspondence). Yount likely complied with the request.
Photographs of the exposition reveal a number of wildlife mounts in the
17 Henneberger, citing Bryant. The dates of
Hayden's subsequent explorations are not noted but this likely covers
the period 1872-1879, Bryant detailed several incidents that Yount
related from his travels with the Hayden expeditions, including visits
to the cliff ruins of Mesa Verde and the Grand Tetons.
18 Bryant, 165. Bryant recorded several stories
about tracking and killing grizzly bears near Laramie Peak and in the
Laramie Range. These include references to his returning to his cabin
for supplies or a team of mules, but the general location is not known.
19 Bryant, 167-8. It is unknown if Braun was
employed out west or where the train wreck occurred that reportedly took
20 Hiram Martin Chittenden, Yellowstone
National Park (Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1954), 104-106.
Norris succeeded Nathaniel P. Langford, chosen to be the Park's first
superintendent following Yellowstone's establishment in 1872. A
principal in the 1870 Washburn-Langford-Doane Expedition he later spoke
and wrote widely on the previously ignored natural wonders encountered
on that expedition.
21 Norris served until February 1882. A noted
writer about and explorer of the park, his prime drive seems to have
been the construction of roads within Yellowstone to increase access and
lure potential commercial interest. He was responsible for having built
much of the original infrastructure of the park. Henneberger, 31.
22 Aubrey Haines, The Yellowstone Story,
(Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 1977), I, 252. Norris proposed
that the bighorn sheep and herds of buffalo, elk, and deer be protected
(and incidently domesticated and sold) by, "...two or three spirited,
intelligent herdsmen...". Merrill D. Beale, The Story of Man in
Yellowstone (Yellowstone: Yellowstone Library and Museum Assoc.,
1956), 241, briefly outlines the history of hunting and game protection
23 Annual Reports of the Superintendent,
Yellowstone National Park, 1880. Appendix A, 50. Yount was in Cheyenne,
Wyoming Territory, when notice of his appointment letter, dated June 21,
1880, reached him. He accepted at once but was hindered by unusually
deep snows and floods in the mountains, requiring him to travel by train
and coach via Ogden, Utah, and Bozeman, Montana, finally reaching park
headquarters on July 6. The position paid 1,000 per annum and was not
removable by the Superintendent, thus truly a Secretarial appointment.
24 Aubrey Haines,
Yellowstone National Park: Its Exploration and Establishment
(Washington: NPS, 1974), 143. Secretary of the Interior Columbus Delano
appointed Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden in 1871. His report on the
Yellowstone region added to the push to set the area aside as a
government reservation. He returned to Yellowstone in 1878; Yount is
listed as a member of the Survey party.
25 Haines, 143. The U. S. Geological Survey was
created in 1879 by the blending of Hayden's Survey with that of two
others, King's and Powell's.
26 Beale, 241.
27 Horace Albright and Frank J. Taylor, Oh
Ranger!: A Book About the National Parks (New York: Dodd, Mead and
Co., 1929), 5-7, and frontispiece illustration of Harry Yount. This
passage is also quoted in Haines' book.
28 Yount, 1880. Shortly after his July entrance
on duty, Yount met Secretary Schurz and his party, guiding them from
near the southwest corner at the South Madison to the northeast corner
at Clark's Fork canyon. Upon his return to Mammoth Hot Springs he
circumnavigated Yellowstone Lake and explored the area around Lewis and
Shoshone Lakes, remarking on the abundance of wildlife. After once again
returning to Mammoth Hot Springs, he set out to construct his winter
camp at the confluence of the East Fork (Lamar) and Soda Butte Valleys
at a point where he could guard the elk and bison wintering grounds
against hunters. He concludes his report, dated November 25, 1880, with
a strong recommendation that protection of the wildlife be extended
parkwide. This task, he laments, is too much for one man and he urges
appointing, "...a small, active, reliable police force, to receive
regular pay during the spring and summer at least...". He continues, "It
is evident that such a force could, in addition to the protection of
game, assist the superintendent of the Park in enforcing the laws,
rules, and regulations for protection of guideboards and bridges, and
the preservation of the countless and widely scattered geyser-cones and
other matchless wonders of the Park."
29 Yount, Report of Gamekeeper.
30 Henneberger, 25.
31 Bryant, 171. Vaunt responded to Bryant in
1923 that he had lived in Wheatland for, "ten or twelve years." Pension
records dated in May 1912, provide a Wheatland address.
32 Wyoming: Platte County Heritage.
(Wheatland: Platte County Extension Homemakers Council, 1981), 474-5.
Harry S. Yount filed on 140 acres of land in Laramie County at least as
early as 1887. He later lost this through foreclosure where it was
purchased by Henry Sturth at a sheriff's sale in August, 1895. Yount and
several partners received a patent March 1, 1892, for the "Yount Marble
Placer Mining Claim" in Sec. 3, T24N, R70W, Sixth Principal Meridian in
Laramie County, comprising approximately 156 acres. However, Yount had
already deeded his one-eighth interest to Harry Crain in 1889. Over
time, principal ownership of this claim also devolved to Sturth. As of
the 1970's, the Yount Marble Placer Claim had been sold several times
and finally had been put into operation, producing crushed marble for
landscaping, aquarium gravel and architecture.
33 Bryant, 175.
34 Chittenden stated that the peak commemorates
Harry Yount. However, Webster's Biographical Dictionary, (1976
ed.), 1611, attributes the peak's name to George Concepcion Yount
(1794-1865). George C. Yount, Harry's uncle, is credited with extended
trapping trips into the west during the late 1820s, prior to his
settling in California in the 1830s. Despite this contradiction,
documents provided the author by the U.S. Geological Service, Office of
Geographic Names, substantiate Chittenden's claim. Both Mae Urbanek,
Wyoming Place Names (Boulder: Johnson Publishing, 1967), 223, and
Orrin Bonney and Lorraine Bonney, Guide to the Wyoming Mountains and
Wilderness Areas, (Chicago: Swallow Press, 1977), attribute the name
of 12,165-foot Younts Peak to Harry.
35 USDI, NPS, 1995. Memorandum from Regional
Director, Midwest Region to Superintendents, Midwest Region, dated
January 10, 1995, 6 p. The 1995 award recipient was Richard T. Gale,
Deputy Chief Ranger of the National Park Service, Washington, D.C.; the
1996 recipient was Tommie Patrick Lee, Chief Ranger of Glen Canyon
National Recreation Area, Arizona-Utah, and the 1997 recipient was Jim
Brady, Superintendent of Glacier Bay National Park, Alaska. The 1998
Harry Yount Award recognized Mike Anderson, District Ranger at Cape
Hatteras National Seashore, North Carolina.
William R. Supernaugh is superintendent of Badlands
National Park, South Dakota.
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