Mission National Historic Site
mission of Marcus and Narcissa Whitman at Waiilatpu was an important
way station in the early days of the Oregon Trail. The Whitmans
labored to bring Christianity to the Cayuse, but deep cultural differences
and a measles epidemic led to violence in which the Cayuse killed
the Whitmans and 11 others in November, 1847.
park, located in the southeastern part of Washington state, preserves
the site of Whitman's buildings and Mill Pond, a short segment of
the Oregon Trail, and the grave where the victims are buried. Native
grasses give visitors a sense of how the area looked in the 1840s.
Whitman and Eliza Spalding were the first Anglo women to cross the
Rocky Mountains in 1836 on what was to become the Oregon Trail.
Marcus Whitman visited the East Coast in 1843 and helped guide the
first, large wagon train along the Oregon Trail in 1843. Whitman
Mission became an important waystation for immigrants until the
Whitman's death in 1847 closed the mission.
as Whitman National Monument June 29, 1936; changed to Whitman Mission
National Historic Site January 1, 1963.