War of 1812
McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine
late 18th century star-shaped fort is world famous as the birthplace
of the American national anthem. The guardian of Baltimore's harbor,
it was the valiant defense of Fort McHenry by American forces during
a British attack on September 13-14, 1814, that inspired 35 year
old, poet-lawyer, Francis Scott Key to write "The Star-Spangled
the Battle of Baltimore during the War of 1812, the fort never again
came under attack. However, it remained an active military post
off and on for the next 100 years.
the Civil War, it was occupied by Union forces who used it as a
prison camp for the detention of Confederate soldiers, southern
sympathizers, and political prisoners.
1917 until 1923, U.S. Army General Hospital No. 2 was located here
to serve World War I troops. A portion of the 43 acre park was used
as a U.S. Coast Guard training facility as late as World War II.
It became an area administered by the National Park Service in 1933,
two years after Key's poem became this country's national anthem.
Of all the areas in the National Park System, Fort McHenry is the
only one designated a national monument and historic shrine.