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Saint-Gaudens: Art


This historic theme deals with history of painting and sculpture, print-making and the art of photography, and embraces those art forms and objects created and used for functional purposes in the home and workplace. The later originated mostly with artists and craftsmen with skills and talents passed on from person to person outside an academic environment. Subthemes for painting and sculpture include:

    A. Early American Provincial Painting, 1676-1726
    B. Baroque in America, 1720-1776
    C. Neoclassicism, 1780-1820
    D. Romanticism
    E. European Influences, 1876-1920
    F. Realism, 1850-1926
    G. Historical Painting and Sculpture: Memory and Dreams, 1876-1908
    H. The 20th Century, 1900-1930
    I. The Second Generation, 1920-
    J. World War II to the Present, 1939-
    K. Supporting Institutions
Illinois State Memorial: Vicksburg National Military Park
Vicksburg National Military Park

Vicksburg National Military Park was established on February 21, 1899, to commemorate one of the most decisive battles of the American Civil War, the campaign, siege and defense of Vicksburg.

The Vicksburg campaign was waged from March 29 to July 4, 1863. It included battles in west-central Mississippi at: Port Gibson, Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hill, Big Black River and 47 days of Union siege operations against the city of Vicksburg. Located high on the bluffs, Vicksburg was a fortress guarding the Mississippi River. It was known as "The Gibraltar of the Confederacy." Its surrender on July 4, 1863, coupled with the fall of Port Hudson, Louisiana, divided the South, and gave the North undisputed control of the Mississippi River.

Today, the battlefield at Vicksburg is in an excellent state of preservation. It includes over 1,300 monuments and markers, reconstructed trenches and earthworks, one antebellum structure, over 125 emplaced cannon, restored Union gunboat, USS Cairo, and the Vicksburg National Cemetery.

The links below will take you to other NPS units which contain additional information regarding this historical theme. Following that are links to related materials, which will provide more detailed Web sites that discuss selected aspects of this historical theme.

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