This historic theme deals
with the practice of plant and animal husbandry within the present
territory of the United States. Emphasized are the development of
various farming techniques and the varieties of crops, livestock, and
implements employed over time and in differing regions.
- Era of Adaptation, 1607-1763
- Plantation Agriculture, 1607-1860
- Era of Subsistence Agriculture, 1763-1820
- The Plantation Breaks up, Sharecropping, and Tenant Farming, 1860-
- Mechanical Agriculture as Business Enterprise Beyond Self-Sufficiency, 1820-
- Farming on the East Coast for Local Markets (Dairying, Fruits, and Vegetables)
Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve: Kingsley Plantation
Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve is an example of a
National Park Service unit that is representative of the
Agriculture historical theme. Nestled between northeast Florida's
lower St. Johns and Nassau Rivers, the 46,000 acre Timucuan Ecological
and Historic Preserve was established in 1988 to protect the natural
resources of one of the last unspoiled coastal wetlands on the Atlantic
Coast and to preserve historic and prehistoric sites within the area.
The estuarine ecosystem within the Preserve includes salt marsh, coastal
dunes, hardwood hammock, as well as salt, fresh, and brackish waters,
all rich in native vegetation and animal life. The Preserve, site of one
of the first attempts (in 1564) by Europeans to establish a permanent
colony in North America, was inhabited by the Timucuan people for more
than four thousand years before the arrival of the first Europeans, and
it has seen more than four centuries of exploration, colonization,
agriculture, and commercial exploitation under the flags of France,
Spain, England, the Confederacy, and the United States.
The links below will take you to other NPS units
which contain additional information regarding this historical theme.
Following that are links to related materials, which will provide more
detailed Web sites that discuss selected aspects of this historical
National Park Service units