Carter G. Woodson resided at the ca. 1890 rowhouse at 1538 9th
Street, NW, from 1915 until his death in 1950. Dr. Woodson was the son of former slaves, and earned his Ph.D. degree from Harvard University in 1912 - only the second black American to do so (after W.E.B. DuBois). He founded The Associated Publishers to assure an outlet for the publication of works of African-American history and the scholarly work of black scholars. While living
in this house, he founded the Association for the Study of African American
Life and History (the Association) in 1915 (originally called Association for the Study
of Negro Life and History). This building served as the headquarters
for the Association until the early 1970s. In 1926 the Association, under Dr. Woodson's leadership, established Negro History Week, now the National
African American History Month. Dr. Woodson selected the second
week in February to coincide with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln
and Frederick Douglass, symbolically reflecting his belief that
African American history is American history.
The home was designated
a National Historic Landmark in 1976 by the Secretary of the
Interior for its significance to African American heritage.
In 2005 the National Park Service acquired the property and
on February 27, 2006, it was officially dedicated as the 389th
unit of the National Park System. It now stands vacant, closed
to the public, awaiting rehabilitation by the National Park
Service. HABS measured the house in 2012, and will complete drawings, photographs and an historical report in 2013 to document the home of the "Father of Black History" which will assist in the rehabilitation efforts of the park.