|griculture took many forms in the Golden Crescent,
from coastal rice plantations with hundreds of slaves to
self-sufficient farms in the piney woods. Commercial agriculture never developed in
Spanish Florida, and the dream of Georgia's founders of a colony of small, independent
farmers proved impractical.
After 1750, plantation agriculture based on African slavery came to dominate coastal Georgia. Rice and indigo were Georgia's principal commercial crops in the colonial period. The loss of the British subsidy for indigo ended that industry in Georgia after the Revolution, although Florida exported minor amounts of the staple during the British Period (1763-1783). Both Georgia and Florida exported some timber and naval stores in the late eighteenth century. Then, in the first five decades of the 1800s, cotton culture took hold across much of the lower South, which later went through the wrenching changes brought on by the Civil War and Reconstruction.