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Maps, Facts, & Figures [title] Antiquities Act 1906-2006 [link to homepage]
2. El Morro 3. Montezuma Castle 4. Petrified Forest 5. Chaco Canyon 8. Gila Cliff Dwellings 9. Tonto 11. Grand Canyon 12. Grand Canyon II 15. Natural Bridges 17. Tumacacori 18. Wheeler 20. Navajo 22. Mukuntu-weap 23. Zion II 25. Gran Quivira 27. Rainbow Bridge 29. Colorado 32. Papago Saguaro 33. Dinosaur 34. Walnut Canyon 35. Bandelier 37. Capulin Mountain 40. Casa Grande 43. Yucca House 45. Timpanogos Cave 47. Aztec Ruin 48. Hovenweep 50. Pipe Springs 51. Bryce Canyon 52. Carlsbad Cave 53. Chiricahua 60. Wupatki 65. Arches 66. Holy Cross 67. Sunset Crater 68. Great Sand Dunes 69. White Sands 71. Saguaro 72. Black Canyon of the Gunnison 73. Cedar Breaks 76. Organ Pipe Cactus 77. Capitol Reef 81. Tuzigoot 88. Marble Canyon 104. Grand Staircase-Escalante 105. Agua Fria 107. Grand Canyon-Parashant 109. Canyons of the Ancients 112. Ironwood Forest 114. Vermillion Cliffs 116. Kasha-Katuwe 119. Sonoran Desert

Well over a hundred national monuments across the United States have been established by different presidents under the authority of the Antiquities Act of 1906. Each monument on the map above is numbered according to the sequence in which it was established. Click on the numbers to learn about national monuments and their histories, and to find links to the monumentsí home pages.

Find out how to visit a national monument from its homepage, or go to the National Park Service's Parks and Recreation page and the Bureau of Land Management's Adventures in the Past page.

2. El Morro

New Mexico

(NPS Photo) El Morro rock tower

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 12/08/1906 T. Roosevelt 160
Enlarged 06/18/1917 W. Wilson 240
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3. Montezuma Castle

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Large stone cliff dwelling

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 12/08/1906 T. Roosevelt 161.39
Enlarged 02/23/1937 F. Roosevelt 360
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4. Petrified Forest

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Petrified tree trunk

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 12/08/1906 T. Roosevelt 60,776.02
Diminished 07/31/1911 W. Taft 25,625.60
Enlarged 11/14/1930 H. Hoover 11,010
Redesignated NP 03/28/1958 85th Congress  
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5. Chaco Canyon

New Mexico

(NPS Photo) Numerous kiva holes at Chaco

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 03/11/1907 T. Roosevelt 10,643.13
Enlarged 01/10/1928 C. Coolidge 21,509.40
Redesignated Chaco Culture NHP 12/19/1980 96th Congress  
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8. Gila Cliff Dwellings

New Mexico

(NPS Photo) Archeologist records data at cliff dwelling site

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 11/16/1907 T. Roosevelt 160
Enlarged 04/17/1962 J. Kennedy 373.25
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9. Tonto

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Geometric-patterned weaving from Tonto

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State Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 12/19/1907 T. Roosevelt 640
Enlarged 04/01/1937 F. Roosevelt 480
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11. Grand Canyon

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Split willow horse figurine

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 01/11/1908 T. Roosevelt 808,120
Redesignated Grand Canyon NP 02/26/1919 65th Congress  
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12. Grand Canyon "II"

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Sunset view of the canyon

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 12/22/1932 H. Hoover 273,145
Diminished 04/04/1940 F. Roosevelt 71,854
Redesignated Grand Canyon NP 01/03/1975 93d Congress  
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15. Natural Bridges

Utah

(NPS Photo) View of natural stone bridge
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 04/16/1908 T. Roosevelt 120
Enlarged 09/25/1909 W. Taft 2,620
Boundaries Confirmed 02/11/1916 W. Wilson n/a
Enlarged 08/14/1962 J. Kennedy 5,236
Diminished 320
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17. Tumacacori

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Tumacacori Mission buildings

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 09/15/1908 T. Roosevelt 10
Enlarged 03/28/1958 D. Eisenhower 0.15
Redesignated NHP 08/06/1990 101st Congress  
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18. Wheeler

Colorado

(NPS Photo) Banded rock tower formations
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 12/07/1908 T. Roosevelt 300
Transferred to BLM, part of Rio Grande National Forest 08/03/1950 81st Congress  
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20. Navajo

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Several stone cliff dwellings

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 03/20/1909 W. Taft 360
Diminished 03/14/1912 W. Taft 320
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22. Mukuntu-weap/Zion

Utah

(NPS Photo) Tall rock formation

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 07/31/1909 W. Taft 16,000
Enlarged & Renamed 03/18/1918 W. Wilson 76,800
Re-designated NP 11/19/1919 66th Congress  
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23. Zion "II" (Kolob Section)

Utah

(NPS Photo) Prickley pear cactus at foot of cliff
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 01/22/1937 F. Roosevelt 49,150
Redesignated NP 07/11/1956 84th Congress  
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25. Gran Quivira

New Mexico

(NPS Photo) Snow-covered remains of stone building complex

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 11/01/1909 W. Taft 160
Enlarged 11/25/1919 W. Wilson 240
Abolished, funds available to Salinas NM 12/19/1980 96th Congress  
Redesignated Salinas Pueblo Missions NM 10/28/1988    
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27. Rainbow Bridge

Utah

(USGS Photo) Natural stone bridge
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 05/30/1910 W. Taft 160
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29. Colorado

Colorado

(NPS Photo) Colorful stone canyon walls

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 05/24/1911 W. Taft 13,466.21
Diminished 08/07/1959 D. Eisenhower 211
Enlarged 120
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32. Papago Saguaro

Arizona

(Photo, © City of Phoenix) Hole in the Rock, a lumpy sandstone formation

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 01/31/1914 W. Wilson 2,050.43
Transferred to AZ, now Papago Park 04/07/1930 71st Congress  
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33. Dinosaur

Utah - Colorado

(NPS Photo) Fossilized dinosaur head from museum collection

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 10/04/1915 W. Wilson 80
Enlarged 07/14/1938 F. Roosevelt 203,885
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34. Walnut Canyon

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Aerial view of walnut-shaped canyon

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 11/30/1915 W. Wilson 960
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35. Bandelier

New Mexico

(NPS Photo) Cultural resources specialist climbs through roof access on cliff dwelling
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 02/11/1916 W. Wilson 23,352
Enlarged 01/09/1961 D. Eisenhower 3,600
Enlarged 05/27/1963 J. Kennedy 2,882
Diminished 3,925
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37. Capulin Mountain

New Mexico

(NPS Photo) Aerial view of Capulin volcanic cone
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 08/09/1916 W. Wilson 640.42
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40. Casa Grande

Arizona

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 08/03/1918 W. Wilson 480
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43. Yucca House

Colorado

(NPS Photo) Stone wall remains of Yucca House
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 12/19/1919 W. Wilson 9.60
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45. Timpanogos Cave

Utah

(NPS Photo) Delicate mineral formations in cave
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 10/14/1922 W. Harding 250
Boundaries Confirmed 03/27/1962 J. Kennedy n/a
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47. Aztec Ruin

New Mexico

(NPS Photo) Remaining stone walls at Aztec
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 01/24/1923 W. Harding 4.6
Enlarged 07/02/1928 C. Coolidge 12.6
Enlarged 12/19/1930 H. Hoover 6.8788
Enlarged 05/27/1948 H. Truman 1.255
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48. Hovenweep

Utah - Colorado

(NPS Photo) Stone ruins at Hovenweep
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 03/02/1923 W. Harding 285.80
Enlarged 04/26/1951 H. Truman 80+
Enlarged 11/20/1952 H. Truman 81.02
Diminished 04/06/1956 D. Eisenhower 40
Enlarged, administered by Canyonlands NP 40+
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50. Pipe Springs

Arizona

(USGS Photo) Fort buildings at Pipe Spring
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 05/31/1923 W. Harding 40
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51. Bryce Canyon

Utah

(NPS Photo) Stone hoodoos at Bryce Canyon
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 06/08/1923 W. Harding 7,440
Redesignated NP 06/07/1924 68th Congress  
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52. Carlsbad Cave

New Mexico

(NPS Photo) Large mineral formations in caves
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 10/25/1923 C. Coolidge 719.22
Redesignated NP 05/14/1930 71st Congress  
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53. Chiricahua

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Huge balancing rock at Chiricahua
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 04/18/1924 C. Coolidge 3,655.12
Enlarged 06/10/1938 F. Roosevelt 6,407
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60. Wupatki

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Stone ruins
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 12/09/1924 C. Coolidge 2,234.1
Enlarged 07/09/1937 F. Roosevelt 33,631.2
Diminished 01/22/1941 F. Roosevelt 52.27
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65. Arches

Utah

(NPS Photo) Double stone bridges at Arches
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 04/12/1929 H. Hoover 4,520
Enlarged 11/25/1938 F. Roosevelt 29,160
Enlarged 07/22/1960 D. Eisenhower 480
Enlarged 01/20/1969 L. Johnson 48,943
Redesignated NP 11/12/1971 92d Congress  
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66. Holy Cross

Colorado

(Photo, Colorado State Archives) Cross-shaped mountainside snow formations
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 05/11/1929 H. Hoover 1,392
Redesignated under Forest Service 08/03/1950 81st Congress  
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67. Sunset Crater

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Large volcanic cone
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 05/26/1930 H. Hoover 3,040
Renamed Sunset Crater Volcano NM 11/16/1990    
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68. Great Sand Dunes

Colorado

(NPS Photo) Huge sand dunes at foot of Rocky Mountains
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 03/17/1932 H. Hoover 35,528.36
Resurveyed & Modified 03/12/1946 H. Truman n/a
Enlarged 06/07/1956 D. Eisenhower 960
Diminished 9880
Renamed National Park & Preserve 11/22/2000    
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69. White Sands

New Mexico

(NPS Photo) Yuccas grow on brilliant white dunes
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 01/18/1933 H. Hoover 131,486.84
Enlarged 11/28/1934 F. Roosevelt 158.91
Land excluded 08/29/1938 F. Roosevelt (R.O.W.)
Enlarged 06/6/1942 D. Eisenhower 478.53
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71. Saguaro

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Sunset through the cacti
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 03/01/1933 H. Hoover 53,510.08
Enlarged 11/15/1961 J. Kennedy 15,360
Redesignated NP 10/14/1994 103d Congress  
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72. Black Canyon of the Gunnison

Colorado

(NPS Photo) Tall, deep-colored canyon walls
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 03/02/1933 H. Hoover 10,287.95
Enlarged 05/16/1938 F. Roosevelt 100
Enlarged 10/28/1939 F. Roosevelt 2,760
Lands excluded 04/08/1960 D. Eisenhower 470
Enlarged 06/13/1984    
Renamed National Park 10/21/1999    
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73. Cedar Breaks

Utah

(NPS Photo) Multi-hued canyons
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 08/22/1933 F. Roosevelt 5,701.39
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76. Organ Pipe Cactus

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Sunset backlights organ pipe cacti
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 04/13/1937 F. Roosevelt 330,690
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77. Capitol Reef

Utah

(NPS Photo) Tectonic upheaval leaves colorful, broken landscape
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 08/02/1937 F. Roosevelt 37,060
Enlarged 07/02/1958 D. Eisenhower 3,040
Enlarged 01/20/1969 L. Johnson 215,056
Redesignated NP 12/18/1971 92d Congress  
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81. Tuzigoot

Arizona

(HFC Photo, NPS) A pueblo village on a desert hilltop at Tuzigoot National Monument

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Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 07/25/1939 F. Roosevelt 42.67
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88. Marble Canyon

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Cliff house looks out to colorful canyon walls
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 01/20/1969 L. Johnson 32,546.69
Incorporated into Grand Canyon NP 01/03/1975 93d Congress  
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104. Grand Staircase-Escalante

Utah

(NPS Photo) Hoodoos congregate atop a hill
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established (BLM) 09/18/1996 W. Clinton 1,700,000
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105. Agua Fria

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Cold mountain drainage feeds lush river flat
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established (BLM) 01/11/2000 W. Clinton 71,100
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107. Grand Canyon-Parashant

Arizona

(BLM Photo) Stone ruins amid the desert grasses
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 01/11/2000 W. Clinton 1,014,000
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109. Canyons of the Ancients

Colorado

(NPS Photo) Round stone tower glows in the sun
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established (BLM) 06/09/2000 W. Clinton 164,000
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112. Ironwood Forest

Arizona

(BLM Photo) Cacti, grasses, and shrubs create lush desert landscape
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established (BLM) 06/09/2000 W. Clinton 128,917
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114. Vermillion Cliffs

Arizona

(NPS Photo) High red canyon walls
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established (BLM) 11/09/2000 W. Clinton 293,000
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116. Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks

New Mexico

(NPS Photo) Colorful stone towers worn in circus-tent shapes
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established (BLM) 01/17/2001 W. Clinton 4,148
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119. Sonoran Desert

Arizona

(NPS Photo) Desert plants bloom
Action Date President/ Congress Acres Affected
Established 01/17/2001 W. Clinton 486,149
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