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Chapter 2
Report on the Osteological Assessment of the "Kennewick Man" Skeleton (CENWW.97.Kennewick)
Joseph F. Powell and Jerome C. Rose

Table 6

Table 6 provides a comparison of living stature or height estimates derived from measurements of the tibia, a lower limb bone. Femurs (lower limb bones) are the most accurate reflectors of stature, but were fragmentary from the Kennewick skeleton. Powell and Rose therefore chose to the use the somewhat more complete tibiae (other lower limb bones) to estimate height. Table 6 provides comparisons with the following reference collections: "White", "Black", "Mongoloid", "Mexican", and "Mississippian." Mean stature estimates derived from all the reference samples suggested a height for the Kennewick individual ranging between 172.0 and 178.36 cm, or between 5 feet 8 inches and 5 feet 10 inches. These estimates conform closely to those derived from the humerus and documented in Table 5. A standard of error for estimate of long bone length is provided for each bone in a reference collection. A standard of error for stature is provided for each reference collection.

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