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THE MIDWEST >> THE GREAT LAKES ENVIRONMENTAL TUMULT COMPLEX RECORD LOST LEGACY
   

The Midwest, with its changing traditions, has long been considered the crossroads of North America. The many types of projectile points suggest similar diversity in Paleoindian times.

Artifacts reflect patterns of activity in the landscape, but caution is the byword in deciphering what they mean. That certainly is the case with stone tools, the most frequently found evidence from the period. Archeologists examine the characteristics of tools as well as how they are scattered across a region.

The primary material for tools, chert, was abundant in the Midwest. However, few quarry workshops have been found. Near the mouth of the Illinois River lies the Ready-Lincoln Hills site, the region’s best known early workshop. 

  (photo) Excavation of a sandstone bluff.
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(photo) Closeup of hand holding stone point.

Archeologists excavate Missouri's Rodgers Shelter site.

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