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Archeology for Interpreters > 4. What Do Archeologists Do?

Suggested reading

How do archeologists know where to look for sites?

Bevan, Bruce W,
1998 Geophysical Exploration for Archaeology: An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration, Midwest Archeological Center Special Report No. 1. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Lincoln, NE.

Campbell, James B.
1996 Introduction to Remote Sensing. Guilford Publications, New York.

ESRI Press (editors)
1999 Getting to Know ArcView GIS. Environmental Systems Research, Inc. Press.

Green, Jeremy
1990 Maritime Archaeology: A Technical Handbook. Academic Press, San Diego.

Weymouth, John W.
1986 Geophysical Methods of Archaeological Site Surveying. In Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, vol. 9. Edited by Michael B. Schiffer, pp. 311-395. Academic Press, Orlando.

How do archeologists identify artifacts?

Brauner, David R.
2000 Approaches to Material Culture Research for Historical Archaeologists: A Reader for Historical Archaeology. Society for Historical Archaeology, Tuscon.

Gibson, Alex M. and Ann Woods
1997 Prehistoric Pottery for the Archaeologist. Pinter Publishing, Ltd.

Godden, Geoffrey A.
1999 New Handbook of British Pottery and Porcelain Marks. Trafalgar Square, London.

Hodges, Henry
1988 Artifacts: An Introduction to Early Materials and Technology. Ronald P. Frye & Co.

Justice, Noel D.
1995 Stone Age Spear and Arrow Points of the Midcontinental and Eastern United States : A Modern Survey and Reference. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.

Kooyman, Brian P.
2000 Understanding Stone Tools and Archaeological Sites. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

Luedtke, Barbara E.
1992 An Archaeologist's Guide to Chert and Flint, Archaeological Research Tools, No 7. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.

NoŽl Hume, Ivor
1970 A Guide to Artifacts of Colonial America. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

Odell, George H.
1996 Stone Tools: Theoretical Insights into Human Prehistory. Plenum Press, New York.

Patten, Bob
1999 Old Tools—New Eyes: A Primal Primer of Flintknapping. Stone Dagger Publications, Denver.

Rice, Prudence M.
1987 Pottery Analysis: A Sourcebook. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Vlach, John Michael
1990 The Afro-American Tradition in Decorative Arts. University of Georgia Press, Athens.

Wanser. Jeffrey
1982 A Survey of Artifact Collections from Central Southern Maryland. Maryland Historical Trust, Crownsville.

Whittaker, John C.
1994 Flintknapping: Making and Understanding Stone Tools. University of Texas Press, Austin.

What happens to a site after it's discovered?

In Situ Preservation and Data Recovery

Hester, Thomas R., Harry J. Shafer and Kenneth L. Feder
1997 pField Methods in Archaeology, Seventh Edition. Mayfield Publishing Company, Mountain View.

McMillon, Bill
1991 The Archaeology Handbook: A Field Manual and Resource Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.

Public Education and Site Interpretation

Alderson, William T. and Shirley Paine Lowe
1976 Interpretation of Historic Sites. American Association for State and Local History, Nashville.

Beck, Larry and Ted Cable
1997 Interpretation for the 21st Century: Fifteen Guiding Principles. Sagamore Publishing, Champaign.

Bograd, M. D. and Singleton, T. A.
1997 The Interpretation of Slavery: Mount Vernon, Monticello, and Colonial Williamsburg. In Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths,edited by J. Jameson, pp. 193-204. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Davis, K. L.
1997 Sites Without Signs: Interpreting Closed Excavations, In Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths, edited by J. Jameson, pp. 84-98. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Fry, B. W.
1969 Restoration and Archaeology. Society for Historical Archaeology Bulletin 3.

Grinder, Alsion L. and E. Sue McCoy
1989 The Good Guide: A Sourcebook for Interpreters Docents and Tour Guides. Ironwood Press, Scottsdale.

Ham, Sam
1992 Environmental Interpretation. North American Press, Golden.

Heath, B. J.
1997 Archaeology and Interpretation at Monticello and Poplar Forest. In Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths, edited by J. Jameson, pp. 177-191. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Hein, George E.
1998 Learning in the Museum (Museum Meanings). Routledge, London.

Hoffman, T. L.
1997 The Role of Public Participation: Arizona's Public Archaeology Program. In Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths, edited by J. Jameson, pp. 73-83. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Jameson, John H., Jr. (editor)
1997 Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek.

Knudsen, Douglas, Larry Beck and Ted Cable
1995 Interpretation of Cultural and Natural Resources. Venture Publishing, State College.

McDavid, C.
1997 Descendants, Decisions, and Power: The Public Interpretation of the Archaeology of the Levi Jordan Plantation. Historical Archaeology 31 (3):114-131.

Peters, K. S., Comer, E. A., and Kelly, R. E.
1987 Captivating the Public Through the Media While Digging the Past, Technical Series No. 1. Baltimore Center for Urban Archaeology, Baltimore.

Potter, P. B. Jr.
1997 The Archaeological Site as an Interpretive Environment, In Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths, edited by J. Jameson, pp. 35-44. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Rudd, Connie
1995 Achieving Excellence in Interpretation: Compelling Stories Thinkbook.

Smardz, Karolyn and Shelley J. Smith (editors)
2000 The Archaeology Education Handbook: Sharing the Past with Kids. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Tilden, Freeman
1957 Interpreting Our Heritage. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.

Veverka, John
1993 Interpretive Master Planning. Falcon Publishing, Helena.

How do we preserve archeological resources?

Conservation

Applebaum, Barbara
1991 Guide to Environmental Protection of Collections. Sound View Press, Madison, CT.

Childs, S. Terry and Eileen Corcoran
2000 Managing Archeological Collections Technical Assistance. Archeology Program, National Park Service, Washington, DC.

Cronyn, J.M.
1990 The Elements of Archaeological Conservation. Routledge Press, New York.

Johnson, Jessica S.
1999 The Long-Term Effects of Acid-Cleaning Archeological Ceramics. Conserve O Gram 6/6, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.

Kronkright, Dale Paul and Ruth E. Norton (contributors) and Mary-Lou Florian (editor)
1991 The Conservation of Artifacts Made from Plant Materials (Getty Trust Publications : Getty Conservation Institute). Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Peebles, Christopher and Patricia Galloway
1981 Notes from Underground: Management from Excavation to Curation. Curator 24(4):225-251.

Sease, Catherine
1994 A Conservation Manual for the Field Archaeologist, Third Edition. Archaeological Research Tools 4. UCLA Institute of Archaeology Los Angeles, CA.

Singley, Katherine R.
1995 Caring for Artifacts After Excavation: Some Advice for Archaeologists. Historical Archaeology 15(1): 35-48.

Sullivan, Lynne P.
1999 The Curation Dilemma: A Mutual Problem for Research and Resource Management. In Protecting the Archaeological Heritage of America. Edited by Robert Drennan and Santiago Mora. Society for American Archaeology, Washington, D.C.

Sullivan, Lynne P., and S. Terry Childs
in press Curating Archaeological Collections: From the Field to the Repository. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Long-term Storage and Curation

Buck, Rebecca A. and Jean Allman Gilmore (editors)
1998 New Museum Registration Methods. American Association of Museums, Washington, D.C.

Fowler, Donald and David Givens
1995 The Records of Archaeology. In Preserving the Anthropological Record, 2nd edition, pp. 97- 106. Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Inc., New York.

National Park Service
2000 Museum Archives and Manuscript Collections. In Museum Handbook, Part III, Appendix D. National Park Service, Washington, D.C.

Museums and Exhibits

Butler, Patrick H., III
1989 Obligations in Organizing a Museum. In Organizing Your Museum: The Essentials. S.K. Nichols, Compiler, pp. 1-8. American Association of Museums, Technical Information Service, Washington, D.C.

Case, Mary (editor)
1988 Registrars on Record: Essays on Museum Collections. Registrars Committee of the AAM. Incorporating Archeology with Other Resources, Washington, D.C.

Darcy-Staski, P.
1987 Exhibiting Archaeology, In Captivating the Public Through the Media While Digging the Past, Technical Series No. 1, pp. 48-50. Baltimore Center for Urban Archaeology: Baltimore.

Hooper-Greenhill, Eilean
1994 Museums and Their Visitors. Routledge, London.

Karp, I. and Lavine, S. D. (editors)
1991 Exhibiting Cultures: The Poetics and Politics of Museum Display. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Malaro, Marie C.
1994 Museum Governance: Mission, Ethics, Policy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

McManus, Paulette M. (editor)
1996 Archaeological Displays and the Public. Institute of Archaeology, University (College) of London.

National Park Service
1997 Cultural Resource Management Guideline, Release No. 5 (supplemented by Director's Order #28: Cultural Resources Management, 11 June 1998). U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Washington, D.C.

Nichols, Susan K.
1989 Organizing Your Museum: The Essentials. American Association of Museums, Technical Information Service, Washington, D.C.

Pegler, Martin
2000 Contemporary Exhibit Design. Visual Reference Publications, Inc., New York.

Pearce, Susan M.
1993 Museums, Objects and Collections: A Cultural Study. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

References

Sections of this chapter were taken from:

Archeology Program, National Register of Historic Places, and National Park Service
1997 Guidance on the Identification and Evaluation of Archeological Properties (Draft). Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, Washington, D.C.

Ashmore, Wendy and Robert J. Sharer
1996 Discovering Our Past: A Brief Introduction to Archaeology, Second Edition. Mayfield Publishing Company, Mountain View, CA.

Bevan, Bruce W.
1998 Geophysical Exploration for Archaeology: An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration, Midwest Archeological Center Special Report No. 1. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Lincoln, NE.

Childs, S. Terry and Eileen Corcoran
2000 Managing Archeological Collections Technical Assistance. Archeology Program, National Park Service, Washington, DC.

Hester, Thomas R., Harry J. Shaer and Kenneth L. Feder
1997 Field Methods in Archaeology, Seventh Edition. Mayfield Publishing Company, Mountain View.

Little, Barbara J.
1995 National Capital Area Archeological Overview and Survey Plan. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, National Capital Area.

McIntosh, Jane
1999 The Practical Archaeologist: How We Know What We Know About the Past, Second Edition. Checkmark Books, New York.

National Park Service
2000 National Park Service Management Policies, Cultural Resources Management

National Park Service
1997 Cultural Resource Management Guidelines, Release N. 5. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Washington D.C.

Thomas, David Hurst
1998 Archaeology, Third Edition. Harcourt Brace College Publishers, Fort Worth, TX.

TSM/MJB