National Parks and Historic Sites

Booker T. Washington


Booker T. Washington National Monument
Washington founded Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in 1881 and later became an important and controversial leader of his race at a time when increasing racism in the United States made it necessary for African Americans to adjust themselves to a new era of legalized oppression. Visitors are invited to step back in time and experience firsthand the life and landscape of people who lived in an era when slavery was part of the fabric of American life.

Boston African American National Historic Site
Located in the heart of Boston's Beacon Hill neighborhood, the site includes 15 pre-Civil War structures relating to the history of Boston's 19th century African-American community, including: the African Meeting House, the oldest standing African-American church in the United States. The sites are linked by the 1.6 mile (2.5 km) Black Heritage Trail. Augustus Saint-Gaudens', memorial to Robert Gould Shaw and the African-American Massachusetts 54th Regiment, stands on the trail.

Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site
On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court unanimously declared that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal" and, as such, violate the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guarantees all citizens "equal protection of the laws." The National Park Service is currently engaged in planning for the Site, located at Monroe Elementary School in Topeka, Kansas. Monroe was the segregated school attended by the lead plaintiff's daughter, Linda Brown, when Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was initially filed in 1951.

Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park
Visit the Paul Laurence Dunbar House--Paul Laurence Dunbar achieved national and international acclaim in a literary world that was almost exclusively reserved for whites. This gifted and prolific writer produced a body of work that included novels, plays, short stories, lyrics, and over four hundred published poems. His work, which reflected much of the African American experience in America, contributed to a growing social consciousness and cultural identity for African Americans in the United States.

Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
The Frederick Douglass National Historic Site is dedicated to preserving the legacy of the most famous African American of the 19th Century. Frederick Douglasgracious' life spanned nearly eighty years, from the time that slavery was universal in American states to the time it was becoming a memory. Visit his last, and most gracious, home at Cedar Hill.

George Washington Carver National Monument
George Washington Carver National Monument was established as a public memorial to George Washington Carver in recognition of his outstanding achievements as a scientist, educator and humanitarian. Although Dr. Carver spent only 10 to 12 years on the Diamond Grove farm, the area and community greatly influenced the course of his life. It was here that Carver was born into slavery and orphaned as an infant. Yet, he grew up with a love and appreciation of nature that would sustain him throughout his life.

Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Throughout its history, Harpers Ferry has been the backdrop for remarkable and unparalleled events. Recall John Brown's famous "raid" on the arsenal in his singular struggle to end slavery. Also, learn about the education of former slaves in one of the earliest integrated schools in the United States.

Jefferson National Expansion Memorial
In their Museum of Westward Expansion learn about African Americans in the West. A survey program which covers the important roles played by African-American explorers, mountain men, soldiers, cowboys, miners, and homesteaders during America's 19th-century westward expansion movement.

Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site
Commemorating the life of a progressive and talented African American woman. Despite many adversities, she achieved success in the world of business and finance as the first woman in the United States to found and serve as president of a bank.

Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site
It was in these surroundings of home, church and neighborhood that "M.L." experienced his childhood. Here you can experience that which inspired the man who would later lead the Civil Rights movement.

Mary McLeod Bethune Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site
Commemorating the life of Mary McLeod Bethune and the organization she founded, the National Council of Negro Women. The Bethune Council House was Mary McLeod Bethune's last official Washington, DC residence and the first headquarters of the National Council of Negro Women.

Natchez National Historic Park
The William Johnson House was a home and business owned by William Johnson, a free black man, whose diary tells the story of everyday life in antebellum Natchez.

New Orleans Jazz National Historic Park
A newly established park that was created to foster preservation, education, and interpretation of jazz as it evolved in New Orleans.

Rock Creek Park
Visit the Old Stone House and take a walking tour of Black Georgetown. Learn about the over one thousand families that lived in Herring Hill from the mid-to-late-1800s.

Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site
Augustus Saint-Gaudens was the sculptor of the famous bronze commemorating the 54th Massachusetts regiment of Black Soldiers in the Civil War. On site is a huge bronze casting of this sculpture.

Complete Listing of Associated National Park Units (Electronic Courier)
Parks identified as having cultural and natural resources of traditional significance to African Americans fall into several categories: those associated with important historical figures; those associated with the institution of slavery or the movement to abolish slavery; those forts and battlefields associated with African-American soldiers; and those associated with traditional African-American communities.